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Deductibles in Car Insurance

By Finserv MARKETS - Feb 11,2019
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Car insurance deductibles

What is a car insurance deductible?

Insurance companies allow the policyholders to share a portion of the risk associated with the policy, which is referred to as a Deductible. They are an essential component of car insurance which can have a significantly high impact on your claim settlement as well as your premium.

In order to get the best out of your car insurance coverage, it’s important to understand the concept of ‘Deductibles’ in detail. In simple terms, a deductible is a predetermined amount that would be borne by the insured at the time of claim settlement. Therefore, when a claim arises, the insured will have to pay the deductible amount from his/her own pocket and the balance would be taken care of by the insurance company.

Here’s an illustration that will help you understand the concept of deductibles better.

Example: Let us assume you purchase a car insurance policy with a deductible amount of Rs. 2000. In case of a claim of Rs. 6,000, the insurance company would deduct Rs. 2000 (deductible) and settle the claim at Rs. 4000. However, to understand the concept of deductible better, it’s important to understand its types.

Types of Deductible in Car Insurance

There are two types/components of a deductible:

  1. Compulsory Deductible
  2. Voluntary Deductible

Compulsory Deductible

A Compulsory deductible is a mandatory component of car insurance plan where the insured has no choice but to pay one part of the claim. As per the IRDAI rules, the compulsory deductible for a Car below 1500 CC is Rs 1500 and Rs. 2000 for cars that have a Cubic Capacity exceeding 1500. A compulsory deductible doesn’t affect the premium or have any impact in lowering it, as the premium is calculated by considering other factors like IDV, make and model.

Voluntary Deductible

A Voluntary Deductible is an amount that you are willing to pay from your pocket as a part of the car insurance claim. Since you voluntarily opt to pay a part of the claim such as 10%, 20%, your premium gets lowered accordingly. The higher your voluntary deductible, the lower will be your premium. This discount is applied to the “Own Damage” part of your car insurance Premium.

Additionally, a voluntary deductible instils a sense of responsibility while handling your car and is a joint pact between you and your insurer. At the time of car insurance claim, both, the compulsory and voluntary deductible will be deducted from your final claim amount. Most importantly, the deductibles will be applicable to each claim.

Compulsory Deductible vs Voluntary Deductible

Both these deductibles have distinctive features that differentiate them from each other. The following table gives an overview of the same.

Compulsory Deductible Voluntary Deductible
The insurer chooses the amount in compulsory deductible. The amount is not flexible and in compliance with the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI). The policyholder chooses the amount in voluntary deductible. It is a flexible amount and can be as per the policyholder’s affordability and convenience.
It has no impact on car insurance premiums. Usually, a higher voluntary deductible can lower car insurance premiums.
It does not affect your savings. If a higher voluntary deductible amount is chosen, the policyholder is liable to pay the amount from his/her pocket. This, in turn, can impact their savings.
During the claim process, the policyholder has to pay the compulsory deductible amount only. During the claim process, the policyholder has to pay the compulsory as well as the voluntary deductible amount.


Finally, the choice of opting for a voluntary deductible depends on how much confidence you have in yourself as a responsible driver. If you want to take minimum risks, you can completely forgo the voluntary deductible and pay the due premium. On the other hand, if you believe that you can drive responsibly, for the most part, choosing a voluntary deductible can be a sensible thing to do.

Now that you are aware of the deductible in car insurance, we believe that you will be able to choose a car insurance plan wisely. You can consider buying car insurance at Finserv MARKETS and benefit from features such as cashless claim settlements, 24×7 claim assistance, a wide range of add-on covers, and more. Besides, if you are concerned about the cost of the policy, use the car insurance calculator to determine the same.

So, don’t wait. Buy a car insurance plan available on Finserv MARKETS, right away!

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Bajaj Finserv Direct Limited ("BFDL") is primarily engaged in distribution of financial products and services through its digital platform (“Bajaj Finserv MARKETS”) and inter alia renders services of customer acquisition, providing preliminary credit support activities, fulfilment services and post-acquisition customer services to Banks, NBFCs, HFCs. BFDL is also a registered Corporate Agent (Composite) under valid IRDAI registration number: CA0551 valid till 10-Apr-2024 for solicitation and servicing of Insurance Products. Registered Office: Bajaj Auto Limited Complex, Mumbai – Pune Road, Akurdi, Pune – 411 035 CIN: U65923PN2014PLC150522