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Examining the latest developments in diabetes treatments

By Finserv MARKETS - Dec 5,2019
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Developments in Diabetes Treatment

Statistics show that the prevalence of diabetes is increasing in India with each passing year. By 2030, the number of Indians suffering from this condition could go up to 98 million. This trend is likely to manifest globally too. Each year, November 14th marks the observation of World Diabetes Day, which aims to increase awareness about the effects of diabetes and the complications caused by the condition.

Having diabetes can increase your risk of developing other health problems, such as heart disease and stroke. In the long run, that could mean escalating medical costs. To better tackle the financial implications of this condition, it’s a smart move to invest in a health insurance policy.

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Developments in Diabetes Treatment

Source: livemint.com

The rising incidence of diabetes among Indians is certainly grim news. However, it appears that there’s a silver lining in sight. Dedicated and continuous research has given birth to some recent developments in diabetes treatment. These new solutions could not only make managing diabetes easier, but they could also potentially help cure the disease. Here are some of the most recent developments in diabetes treatment.

Remission induced by intensive therapy

Up until recently, managing diabetes was the only course of action for people with the condition. Recent research, however, has opened up the possibility for remission. In a study consisting of 83 participants with type 2 diabetes, researchers developed an intensive treatment plan spanning across two to four months, using a combination of oral medications, lifestyle therapies, and insulin. 40% of those participants went into remission and remained diabetes-free for around 3 months. While it may seem like a fragile achievement, it’s a significant step in diabetes treatment because this study proved it was possible to actually reverse diabetes, and not simply manage it.

Islet cell transplant

Islet cells present in the pancreas are responsible for producing insulin. In patients with type 1 diabetes, these cells are destroyed by an autoimmune response in the body, leading to stoppage of insulin production. In 2016, patients with type 1 diabetes saw new hope, when insulin-producing islet cells were transplanted in omentum of a patient with the disease. The omentum is a layer of fatty tissues in the abdomen, and from this transplant, it appears to be a safer site than the liver, which was where islet transplants were traditionally done. Transplanting islet cells in the omentum has proven to be successful in this case, with the patient no longer requiring insulin injections.

More effective medicines

Type 2 diabetes is a condition wherein the body becomes resistant to insulin. As a result, blood sugar levels tend to rise. Typically, patients with type 2 diabetes start diabetes treatment with drugs like metformin, which is a Glucophage. The downside of these medicines is that while they may help tackle high levels of blood sugar, they could also lower them to dangerous levels. Fortunately, newer drugs like TTP399, when taken in combination with metformin, can help control blood sugar without causing hypoglycemia. TTP399 recently completed a 6-month phase 2 trial in patients with type 2 diabetes. If things progress in the right manner, patients could have more effective drugs for managing diabetes.

Developments in Diabetes Treatment

Source: sec.gov

Possibility of a diabetes vaccine

Clinical trials for a vaccine to prevent type 1 diabetes in children began in 2018. When the relationship between enteroviruses and diabetes was established in 2014, the possibility of a vaccine being the solution became more concrete. These viruses are extremely common in newborns, and around 25% of enterovirus infections were identified as coxsackievirus cases. It’s this virus that has been associated with diabetes. Newborns who are affected by this enterovirus could develop type 1 diabetes early in life, leading to a lifetime of struggle. However, with vaccines bringing in immunity to these viruses, the cases of type 1 diabetes in children could reduce significantly.

If these new diabetes treatments are approved and made accessible to the public, it might be the beginning of a medical revolution that has been a long time coming. And when it does get here, you’ll want to be financially prepared. A health insurance policy can help you there. On Finserv MARKETS, you can obtain health covers ranging between 1.5 lakhs to 50 lakhs. Additionally, since there are no third-party deals involved, claim settlement is also quick and hassle-free. What’s even better is that you can have your health insurance policy on Finserv MARKETS tailored to suit the specific health requirements of your family. With so many customer-centric advantages, you’ll be glad you took a health cover available on Finserv MARKETS.

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