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What Causes Arthritis and How to Prevent it?

By Finserv MARKETS - Nov 26,2019
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Causes and Prevention of Arthritis


Arthritis affects 15% of the population i.e. over 180 million people in India. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the prevalence of chronic rheumatic conditions varies between 0.3% and 1% and is more common in women and in developed countries. In fact, musculoskeletal conditions have severe implications. They are rampant causes of morbidity and disability.

This also gives rise to enormous healthcare expenditures and loss of work. Within 10 years of the onset of such conditions, it is reported that at least 50% of patients in developed countries are unable to hold down a full-time job.

What is Arthritis?

In simple terms, arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Arthritis Causes

Causes and Prevention of Arthritis
Arthritis has been found to be more common in women than men. It is also more common in people who are overweight. Thus, having a family history of arthritis and being a woman puts you at a higher risk of developing arthritis.

Let us look at some arthritis causes and symptoms for the two most common types:

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

RA affects the joints, connective tissues, muscles, tendons, and fibrous tissue. Symptoms can begin as early as the age of 20 and the chronic pain can hamper productivity.


Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease. You are most likely to see the elderly getting this diagnosis because it is associated with aging and usually impacts the knees, hips, fingers, and lower spine region. Over 9.6% of men and 18.0% of women aged over 60 years are reported to have symptomatic osteoarthritis.

How to Prevent Arthritis?

  • Control and manage weight

The argument for weight control for prevention of arthritis is simple: your knees and feet support your body weight. If the weight creates an imbalance, it can take a toll on the lower part of your body, affecting the bones the most. If you’re just 10 pounds overweight, the force on your knee as you take each step increases by 30 to 60 pounds, according to Johns Hopkins.

  • Exercise

In the pursuit of weight control, exercising can help get rid of the excess weight as well as strengthen muscles around the joints. Walking, swimming and stretching are the most suitable modes of physical activity.

  • Minimize incidences of injuries

Every time you injure your joints – while playing or in an accident – the cartilage gets damaged. To slow down the wear and tear of your tissues, avoid getting injured as much as possible. This means you should wear appropriate gear while driving and playing sports.

  • Diet changes

To avoid chronic pain, you are also supposed to eat a healthy diet that is low in sugar and high in antioxidants. It is also advised to avoid alcohol. The idea is to increase intake of foods that can help reduce inflammation and decrease intake of foods like processed and fried foods that can cause or aggravate inflammation.

Considering the various arthritis causes, preventive measures are a proactive approach to managing such chronic conditions. After all, prevention is better than cure. Even so, sometimes symptoms strike without warning and despite your best preventive measures. Arthritis has implications for your financial health too. While, on the one hand, they may force you to retire early, on the other hand there are burgeoning medical expenses.

In such a situation, it is important that you are financially equipped to deal with this setback. The best rescue out is a bajaj allianz health insurance policy that will provide a robust medical coverage. Buy health insurance online on Finserv MARKETS that will give you access to 6000+ empaneled hospitals across India. Chronic conditions can require sustained medical support and health insurance can be crucial in much needed financial relief for pre- and post-hospitalization, diagnostic and medical expenses. Health insurance policies are also very convenient and convenience can be crucial in times of an emergency. It also prodvides deduction under section 80d of income tax.

When you buy health insurance from Finserv MARKETS and get treated at one of the network hospitals listed in your policy, you don’t need to carry any documents. You can avail a cashless medical cover or choose to go down the reimbursement route. Plan ahead – as they say, hope for the best, prepare for the worst.

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