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With the Goods and Services Tax (GST), the Indian government introduced one of the biggest post-independence taxation reforms. GST is primarily devised to maintain a uniform indirect tax structure across the country. It aims to eliminate the cascading effect of central and state taxes that were levied previously. India’s immigration to this tax regime has helped the concerned officials turn 17 different kinds of indirect taxes into a single form of tax. This uniformity in the taxation scheme across India is undoubtedly a great development. As per the Finance Minister of India during the Budget 2022 speech, the GST collections for the month of January 2022 stands at ₹1,40,986 Crores.

In India, goods and services are categorised under GST slab rates for taxation. The GST rates are levied for each section depending on whether the good or service is a need or a luxury. Items of need are taxed at a lower rate while items of luxury are taxed in the higher bracket. However, there are some goods that are excluded from GST, with one of the most recent products being sanitary napkins.

What are GST Slab Rates

The GST regime covers about 1,300 types of goods and 500 types of services. It is, thus, classified into mainly four, notable GST slab rates, i.e. 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%. To ensure the effectiveness of this scheme, a GST Council was set up to revise the rates whenever deemed necessary to keep up with evolving times. Thus, there is a periodic change in the GST rates on various products.

The following table lists down the categories that fall under each GST slab rate.

Levied GST Rate

Type of Product


Cut and semi-polished stones




Household essentials, coal, Indian sweets, life-saving drugs


Processed foods, computers


Capital goods, industrial intermediaries


Luxury items, sin goods

Learn more about the GST rate on labour charges.

List of Items Under 5% GST Slab Rate

Products (Goods)


Agarbatti, Biogas, Insulin

Leasing of aircrafts

Snow and ice, Walking sticks, Natural cork

Renting a motor cab (without fuel)

Indian sweets (mithai)

Tour operator services

Edible oil and spices, Coffee and sugar, Life-saving drugs, Cashew nuts/cashew nuts in shell

Scheduled transport by air or travelling via chartered or non-scheduled flights (used for pilgrimage purposes only)

Stamps/stamp postmarks

Goods transported in a vessel from outside the country

Appliances/equipment that aid the disabled

Print media ad space

Coir mats and floor coverings, Fertilisers, etc.


Transport services in AC vehicles and radio taxis, etc.


List of Items Under 12% GST Slab Rate



Frozen meat

Hotel accommodation (Between ₹1,001 and ₹7,500 per day)

Sauces/Ketchup/Mustard sauce

Real estate construction for the purpose of sale

Dairy items (apart from milk)

Food and beverages (at restaurants without AC and liquor licence)

Fruit juices

Intellectual Property rights on a temporary basis

Sewing machines

Goods transported in a vessel from outside the country

Handmade matches

Rental accommodation (Above ₹1,000 and below ₹2,500 per day)

Jewellery box

Air travel tickets (excluding economy)

Diagnostic kits

Chit fund services by foremen

Notebooks and exercise books, Plastic beads, Corrective glasses, etc.

Railway coaches, wagons, and rolling stock (sans refund of ITC)


List of Items Under 18% GST Slab Rate



Dental wax, Aluminium foil, Toothpaste, Plastic tarpaulin, Baby carriages

Food and drink at restaurants (with AC/heating and liquor licence)

Industrial electronics and transformers

Supply of food and party arrangements

Power banks (Lithium-ion batteries)

Government Job Contracts

Pencil kajal sticks, Headgears, Television set-top boxes, Televisions (up to 32-inch)

Entertainment (circus, folk theatre, cinema, drama)

Furniture (made from bamboo)

Outdoor catering

Stationary (staplers and pencil sharpeners, etc.)

Movie tickets (Above ₹100)

Hair oil, Shampoos, Weight-measuring devices (excluding electronic), Computer monitors (below 17-inch), etc.

Hotel accommodation (over ₹7,501 per day), etc.


List of Items Under 28% GST Slab Rate



Air conditioners




Washing machines


Lotteries (state-owned/authorised)




Aerated beverages, Caffeinated beverages

Sports events (IPL, ISL, etc.)

Yachts, Aircrafts, Tobacco products, etc.

Food and drinks (5-star hotels), etc.


List of Goods Exempted Under GST



Natural honey

Sanitary napkins

Hotel accommodation (Below ₹1,000 per day)

Colouring and picture books (for children)

Children’s drawing books


Music books

Palmyra jaggery

Preserved vegetables

Hulled cereal grains, etc.


The implementation of GST has successfully impacted the Indian economy. Apart from the simplified tax structure, the other positives include increased exports and an increase in pricing competition. 

Lates GST Rates News

The food industry wants the GST rate on packaged snacks and other widely consumed foods to be reduced. 

With all focus on the upcoming GST Council meeting later this March, the demand for lower GST on labelled products and widely used food products is growing. The packaged food industry wants the GST on ready-made and instant food mixes to be reduced.

The packaged food industry is also concerned about the GST rates applied to processes such as chopping, mixing, flavouring, grinding, and slicing fruits and vegetables, which are either 5% or 12%. According to them, these methods should be tax-free in order to enable the elimination of perishable fruit and vegetable waste.

- March 7, 2021