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What is Global NCAP 

NCAP is an acronym for New Car Assessment Programme. The first NCAP was launched in the United States of America (USA) in 1978. NCAP rating denotes the crash test rating of a vehicle. Today, different countries have their NCAP ratings that help identify the crashworthiness of new cars being launched, so interested buyers are aware of how safe (or unsafe) a new vehicle could be. Some NCAP safety ratings include the Australasian NCAP, ASEAN NCAP, Euro NCAP, Japan NCAP, Korean NCAP, China NCAP, and Latin NCAP.


The Global NCAP is an independent charity organisation that was created in 2011 to enable and promote cooperation between the different car assessment programmes existing across the globe. This organisation is registered in the United Kingdom, and today, the global NCAP rating strives to facilitate accountability and reporting for vehicle crash-testing in emerging automobile markets across the world. The Global NCAP rating for Indian cars is considered the safety benchmark by many Indian buyers before buying a car.

Types of Tests Done by NCAP on Cars 

The Global NCAP only does one test - the frontal offset crash test, which will be explained in the following sections. However, other NCAPs, especially the Euro NCAP, conducts a host of other tests on a car in addition to the front offset crash test. Here’s a quick look at the NCAP crash tests performed. 

1.Full Frontal Crash Test

In this test, 100% of the car’s front is made to crash into the deformable barrier to replicate a full head-on collision between two cars.

2.Side-Impact Crash Test

In this test, a deformable barrier is made to crash into a stationary car from the side with the intention to replicate a car crashing into another car from the side.

3.Side Pole Crash Test

In this test, the car is made to crash into a metal pole from the side to replicate a car crashing into a pole or a tree.

How Does Global NCAP Select Cars for Tests

Do you know how Global NCAP selects cars for tests? Well, the process is a bit secretive. Let us check them out here.


  • The car manufacturer has to reach out to Global NCAP and submit a request for voluntary testing of a model.

  • Global NCAP chooses the vehicle for testing. A vehicle of that particular model is selected from a random dealer in the country if the model is already in the market. In case, the model is in the pre-launch stage or production, they choose an independent vehicle from the vehicle production plant except any from the special series.

  • The selected vehicle is sealed and shipped to an accredited crash test laboratory.

  • The manufacturer will be informed about the important VINs of the selected vehicle.

  • Global NCAP will invite selected representatives of the manufacturer to observe testing.

  • The designated NCAP crash tests are performed and a complete, detailed technical inspection will be conducted.

  • The NCAP test report will be shared with the manufacturer, and a one-to-one meeting will be held to inform the manufacturer of the details of the results.

  • Later, the test results will be published via  Global NCAP’s communication channels.  

  • Global NCAP invoices all relevant testing costs to the manufacturer after the publication of results. 

How Does Global NCAP Crash Test Cars 

As you already know, there are many different NCAPs based on the region they operate from. But did you know that each one of them carries out different NCAP tests with different protocols and scoring methodologies? Yes, that’s right. This essentially means that you cannot compare a Global NCAP rating with a Euro NCAP car rating. So how do Global NCAP crash test cars? Here’s how.


  • As mentioned above, the Global NCAP crash tests cars with only a frontal offset crash test. 

  • In this test, a car is made to accelerate at a speed of 64 kilometres per hour and is crashed into a stationary but deformable barrier. 

  • However, since it is a front offset crash test, only 40% of the front of the car is made to hit the barrier at that speed. 

  • This crash is intended to replicate a crash between two equivalent cars, both moving at a speed of 50 kilometres per hour.

What is NCAP Safety Rating for Indian Cars

The NCAP rating for Indian cars diagnose occupant safety and functioning of the safety equipment in case of collision. Many of the Indian cars have scored well in the NCAP car rating 2022. Below given are some of the NCAP safety ratings of Indian cars.


NCAP Crash Test Rating of Indian Cars

NCAP Agency

Tata Nano

0 Star


Maruti S Presso

0 Star


Datsun Go

1 Star


Maruti Wagon R

2 Star


Maruti Baleno

3 Star


Tata Tiago

4 Star


Tata Altroz

5 Star


Toyota Etios

4 Star


Honda City 4th Gen

4 Star


Volkswagen Vento 

4 Star


Mahindra XUV700

5 Star


Ford Ecosport

4 Star


Mahindra Thar

4 Star


Tata Punch

5 Star


Renault Triber

4 Star



The NCAP rating can give you valuable insights into how safe a car may be for you. So, in addition to other factors like the price and the specs, ensure that you also check the NCAP rating of the car you wish to buy. And to add an extra layer of safety, make sure you buy the right car insurance plans for your car. To do this, you can simply head over to Bajaj Marketsand buy a good car insurance plan.

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FAQs on Global NCAP Rating

  • ✔️On what scale does the NCAP score cars?

    The Global NCAP scores cars on a scale of 0-5 stars, with 5 being the highest and 0 being the lowest.

  • ✔️Does any car have a 5-star NCAP score?

    Yes, many cars have a 5-star NCAP score. Some of these cars are Mahindra XUV300, Tata Punch, Tata Altroz, and Tata Nexon.

  • ✔️Which car has a zero-star NCAP score?

    Yes, many cars have received zero stars in the Global NCAP crash test. Some of these cars are Renault Kwid, Maruti Suzuki Eeco, Hyundai Eon, Maruti Suzuki Celerio, and Mahindra Scorpio.

  • ✔️Does the NCAP test all cars?

    No, the NCAP does not test all cars.  


  • ✔️Does the NCAP test the same cars more than once?

    Yes, the NCAP does test some cars more than once. For instance, the Volkswagen Polo was tested twice, while the Renault Kwid has been subject to car crash tests four times.

  • ✔️What is the NCAP rating for Indian cars?

    The Global NCAP safety ratings of some of the Indian cars are:

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