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Know About Body Mass Index (BMI) for Overweight Individuals

Millions of people in India suffer from obesity and resulting medical issues as a consequence of it. As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), over 1.9 billion adults around the world are overweight, and 650 million are obese. In fact, over 2.8 million people die due to overweight and obese health-related issues.

Using Body Mass Index (BMI) for Overweight and Obesity Estimation

The Body Mass Index is a health metric used by medical professionals to identify overweight individuals and estimate obesity. BMI can be calculated by dividing the total weight (in kilograms) of a person by the height (in metres) squared. An individual’s BMI score is also a good indicator of the amount of fat in their body.

A) For Adults

The BMI measurement is a scale that is used to determine the weight category of an individual. It is calculated based on your height and weight, and the value obtained belongs to either one of the following categories as explained in the table below: 

BMI Range

Weight Category

BMI less than 18.5

Underweight

BMI between 18.5-24.9

Normal weight

BMI between 25-29.9

Overweight

BMI more than 30

Obese

You can calculate your BMI score using an online BMI calculator.

B) For Children

As children and teenagers are constantly growing and changing, their BMI cannot be calculated using the same formula as the one used to calculate BMI for adults. For children and teenagers, BMI is calculated by comparing their weight to other children of the same gender and age and determining their percentile weight. This percentile is then divided into different categories to determine whether a child/teen is overweight or obese. The table below will give you a clear idea of how BMI categories for children based on weight percentiles work:

Weight Category

Weight Percentile

Underweight

Lower than 5 percentile

Normal Weight

Between 5th percentile to less than 85th percentile

Overweight

Between 85th percentile to less than 95th percentile

Obese

Above 95 percentile

Causes & Health Consequences of Overweight and Obesity

There are multiple factors that may result in a person gaining weight and becoming overweight or obese. Some of the most common causes of obesity include:

 

  1. Overeating and eating too much junk food/calorie-dense foods

  2. Leading a sedentary lifestyle with little to no activity

  3. Irregular sleeping routines

  4. Certain medical conditions or medications

Being overweight or obese has been linked to a large variety of serious medical conditions, such as:

 

  1. Type 2 Diabetes

  2. High blood pressure

  3. Joint problems

  4. Certain types of cancer

  5. Fatty liver disease

  6. Heart-related conditions

  7. Difficulty breathing

  8. Low energy

  9. Sleep Apnea

While this is just a short list of health problems related to being overweight and obese, there are dozens more health-related conditions that arise due to having excessive weight. In case you are unsure of whether you are overweight or underweight, you can also use the ideal height weight chart for men and women.

Health Tips for Weight Loss in Adults

  • Include Highly Nutritious Foods in Your Diet

Many people think that losing weight means you have to stop eating food. This is far from the truth. As a matter of fact, while you are on a weight loss regime, it is vital that you consume nutrition-rich food over junk food.

 

This means you have to pick a diet that helps you maintain your energy without weight. You can opt for fresh fruits, fish, legumes, nuts, whole grains, brown rice, etc. Minimise the consumption of oily food, processed meats, baked goods, white bread, processed food, etc. Also, make changes to your lifestyle habits such as avoiding drinking and smoking as it can pose a risk to your health in the long run.

If you are finding it challenging to decide on a diet for yourself, get in touch with a dietician to help you plan a meal.

  • Keep Track of Your Food and Weight

It is necessary that you keep records of your weight loss regime. There are various mobile apps and websites that allow tracking of each food item you consume over the day and calculate your total calories intake. It also helps you measure your progress by tracking your weight on a weekly basis and making the necessary changes and adjustments to diet and exercise over time.

  • Exercise Regularly

While you maintain a nutrition-rich diet, you also have to get into the habit of working out regularly. A good exercise routine will help you both physically and mentally in the long run. Dedicate a few good minutes/hours of your day to work out. You can choose exercises that can be done at home or go to a gym.

On the other hand, you can turn your daily activities into fitness goals, such as:

 

  • Taking stairs instead of the lift

  • Walking your dog

  • Gardening

  • Dancing

  • Playing more outdoor games

Note: People who are severely obese or have heart-related health risks need to consult their doctors before taking up any intensive workout sessions. It is also a good idea to consult a professional dietician before making any drastic changes to your diet.

To Conclude

Know that BMI for overweight or obesity is one of the determining factors for health insurance premiums. If you have an above-average BMI, your health insurance policy will be very expensive.

 

So, try to follow the weight loss regime as much as you can. Weight loss is a strategic process. When done correctly, one can achieve their fitness and health goals and improve their life for a better future. Meanwhile, it is also a good practice to keep track of your BMI value to record the change over time. Use the BMI calculator available on Bajaj MARKETS to compute your BMI instantly. Moreover, keep yourself financially covered for any medical emergencies through the health insurance plans at Bajaj MARKETS.

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FAQs on BMI for Overweight Individuals

  • ✔️What is the range of BMI for overweight individuals?

    The BMI of an overweight person falls between 25 to 29.9. 

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