Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a highly contagious disease. It is caused by Coxsackievirus, a virus from the Enterovirus genus. It is more common in young children, and causes blisters and rashes on the skin. They must be diagnosed and treated quickly. It can be prevented by regular handwashing and avoiding close contact with people suffering from hand, foot, and mouth disease- lowering the risk of infection.
The hand, foot, and mouth disease symptoms can be seen 3-6 days after your infection. Some of the symptoms that can be experienced are-
Sore red blisters in the mouth, tongue, gums, etc
Rash on hand and feet
Loss of appetite
Coxsackievirus mainly causes hand, foot, and mouth disease. It is transmitted through the following ways-
Fluid from the blisters
The saliva of the infected person
Waste of the infected person
Contaminated droplets of cough and sneeze in the air
Flies and mosquitoes
In most cases, the infection goes away in about 7-10 days. The hand, foot, mouth disease treatment includes:
Medicated syrups to ease pain and sore throat
Ointments to relieve blisters and rashes
Pain relief medicines such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, etc
Some of the home remedies that are used to treat hand, foot, and mouth disease include-
Limiting spicy or salty foods
Avoiding acidic foods such as citrus fruits, fruit drinks, and soda
Drinking cold beverages such as water, coconut water, etc
Eating cold things such as ice creams, sherbet, popsicles, etc
Using ice packs
Eating foods that do not need a lot of chewing
The symptoms, including fever, sore throat, severe headache, blisters, etc, help in the diagnosis of hand, foot, and mouth disease. Additionally, doctors usually recommend swabs or stool tests to confirm the disease.
Some ways of prevention from hand, foot, and mouth disease are-
Good hygiene – Regular handwashing must be promoted in order to maintain good hygiene. Along with this, it is advisable for children to carry sanitizers and wet wipes and use them regularly to remain hygienic and clean.
Disinfect common areas – Common areas, such as daycares, schools, etc., must be sanitised at regular intervals. This helps in cleaning these common areas and prevents the transmission of the disease.
Avoid close contact – Close contact with an infected person must be avoided, especially at a younger age. This is because children are more likely to get infected by this disease.
Young children have the highest risk of getting infected by hand, foot, and mouth disease. The virus can spread quickly at schools, child daycares, etc. Children usually get immune to the disease once they are exposed to the virus. However, adults who have weak immune systems can also get this infection.
In a nutshell, hand, foot, and mouth disease is a highly transmissible disease caused by a virus. It should be prevented as much as possible by washing hands regularly and maintaining good hygiene. It needs to be diagnosed as soon as possible because young children have the highest chance of getting infected even though it is cured in about 7-10 days. Thus, knowing about hand, foot, and mouth disease is essential and must be prevented.
Besides, know that health issues can arise at any time. It is best to keep yourself and your family covered with an adequate health insurance plan so that planned or unplanned medical expenses are not a burden on you.
Some of the severe complications due to hand, foot, and mouth disease are-
Loss of fingernails and toenails
However, hand, foot and mouth disease is not a life-threatening disease.
Answer- No, chickenpox and hand, foot, and mouth diseases are different diseases. This is because chickenpox causes blisters on the neck, back, face, arms, legs, and torso. However, in hand, foot, and mouth disease, the blisters usually appear on the hands, feet, and mouth.
The age group that has the highest possibility of getting infected from hand, foot, and mouth disease is 0 to 5 years. Teenagers or adults also have a chance of getting infected with this disease. But they will not show any severe symptoms because of high immunity.