What is Dust Allergy?

Dust Allergy or Dust mite allergy is an allergic reaction to tiny bugs that commonly live in house dust. Symptoms of this allergic reaction include sneezing and a runny nose. Many people with dust mite allergy also experience signs of asthma, such as wheezing and difficulty breathing. The first possible treatment for avoiding a dust allergy is evading dust mites as much as possible. When you minimize your exposure to dust mites, you can expect fewer or less severe allergic reactions. However, it's impossible to completely avoid or eliminate dust mites from your surrounding areas. Hence, you may also need prescribed medications to control the symptoms. Learn more about dust allergies in the article below.

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If you’ve had, or are suffering from, a dust allergy, you are all too familiar with bouts of sneezing uncontrollably, having eyes that itch, blowing a constantly runny nose and wiping watery eyes. For people with a dust allergy, home is not necessarily where the heart is, and it can be a place that triggers discomfort. Coincidentally, allergy symptoms get worse while sweeping, vacuuming and dusting. While you clean your home, your dust allergy can spring into action as dust particles freely float in the air, making them simpler for you to breathe in.

What is a Dust Allergy?

A dust allergy, or a dust mite allergy, constitutes an allergic response to minute bugs (mites) that are alive in the midst of the dust all over your house. People around the world are allergic to these tiny bugs. If you suffer such an allergy, you tend to feel like you have a cold which never ends. Related to ticks and spiders, dust mites are so miniscule that they cannot be seen with your naked eye. They thrive on dead skin cells in dust, and in areas like your mattresses, carpet and even your furniture.

What are the Symptoms of a Dust Allergy?

Pollen allergy symptoms and dust allergy symptoms are almost the same, but not quite. However, when allergists review dust allergy symptoms, dust allergy treatment is easy to plan and execute effectively. Here are dust allergy symptoms:

  • Sneezing excessively

  • Itchy, red and watery eyes

  • Itching generally

  • Stuffy/runny nose

  • Wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, coughing

  • Drink aloe vera juice for its anti-inflammatory properties

What are the Causes of a Dust Allergy?

The causes or triggers of a dust allergy range from dust mites to cockroaches. Here are the common causes:

  • Dust Mites

Called bed bugs, these frequently trigger most dust allergies arising from house dust. They live and reproduce at an alarming pace, thriving in warm and humid spaces. Partial to temperatures of more than 70 degrees fahrenheit, they easily live in areas with a humidity level of 80 percent. They die when humidity decreases below 50 percent. Therefore, they are not normally found in dry conditions. You can find dust mite particles in cushions, pillows, carpets and upholstered furniture. Floating into the air when you vacuum your house, they even get dispersed when you walk on a carpet or disturb bedding. Once the disruption is done, they settle. Dust mites in dust particles are too small to be seen, and if you think your home is spankingly clean and they won’t be round, you may be wrong. That’s why dust allergy remedies don’t just mean you need to clean your house. Often, they can’t be removed with regular cleaning methods.

  • Mold

A fungus that lets spores into the air is called mold. These tend to float in the air, and when people inhale them, they get allergies. Molds live in several places, from leaves to moist places like bathrooms and kitchen sinks and drains. Tiny mold particles may be within dust and a component of house dust.

  • Cockroaches

These are common pests and they live in apartments and houses. Some people develop symptoms of an allergy around cockroaches, as tiny particles from them form components of house dust.

  • Dander from Pets

The dander of pets (skin flakes) can cause you to have a dust allergy as it blends with dust and causes symptoms. Animal fur also contains these flakes, and if your pet sheds fur, then it mixes with dust particles too. In households with pet birds, feathers and droppings that mix with dust cause allergic reactions too.

Ways of Transmission

The way for dust to transmit itself into the air is easy. Dust floats in the atmosphere all around you, and when mixed with triggers as mentioned above, can lead to an allergic response.

Dust itself is so minute, small particles from mold, dust mites and other stimuli tend to blend with it and you breathe it in. However, if you are affected by a dust allergy, you cannot infect someone else.

The Diagnosis of a Dust Allergy

A specialist in allergies, an allergist, will evaluate your symptoms to see if you have an allergy. They will note down your medical history and ask for detailed information about your work and home environments, plus the frequency and severity of symptoms. The medical interview may solve the problem, as it can reveal if you’ve had an interaction with your neighbour’s pet, for instance, and then had symptoms. You may be recommended a skin test or a blood test (or both) to make a full diagnosis.

What is the Treatment for a Dust Allergy?

Once your dust allergy is identified, you may be treated with the following:

  • Medication, like corticosteroid drugs

  • Shots for allergy

  • Changes in household routine

Most dust allergy treatment is done by conventional medicine, but there is dust allergy treatment in Ayurveda too, such as eating easily digestible vegetarian diets and drinking warm water, dissolved with rock salt.

Home Remedies for a Dust Allergy

These dust allergy home remedies work:

  • Clean your house with a vacuum cleaner that has a HEPA filter

  • Wear a mask while cleaning (N95 mask)

  • Wash all bed linen in hot water, regularly

  • Use a damp cloth for dusting

  • Have two teaspoons of honey (mix some turmeric with it as this has medicinal properties)

  • Inhale lavender oil vapour

  • Inhale the vapour of eucalyptus oil

  • Drink Aloe Vera juice as this is anti-inflammatory

Tips to Prevent a Dust Allergy

The following can prevent a dust allergy:

  • Maintaining a mite-free home

  • Maintaining a pest-free home

  • Avoiding pet adoption for yourself

  • Maintaining clean home environments, especially in warm and wet spaces such as bathrooms and kitchens

  • Not having carpeting (not wall-to-wall carpeting either)

As Far As Allergies Go

It's not a challenge to prevent allergies, but if you are affected by a dust allergy, you may want to be prepared to manage the big blow of medical expenses, in which a health insurance plan helps you. 

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