What are the Different Causes of Fungal Infection & How are They Transmitted?
Fungi can survive on a vast range of surfaces, from plant leaves, to air, and soil. In fact, a number of fungi naturally exist in the human body as well. Most of us are exposed to different types of fungi regularly without being affected by them. However, certain conditions may cause these fungi to react and cause infections. Some of these conditions include:
Fungal infections can get transmitted very easily. The most common mode of transmission for a fungal infection is direct contact. Fungi tend to stick around on our bodies — on the surface of our skin and under the nails, among other places. Coming in physical contact with someone with a fungal infection could result in the spread of the infection. There do, however, exist other means for the infection to be transmitted. For instance, you could inhale the spores of a fungus, which could lead to the development of fungal infections.
What are the Common Fungal Infection Symptoms?
There can be varying kinds of fungal infection symptoms based on the type of infection. Let’s look at some examples:
The symptoms of a fungal ear infection include pain, a feeling of fullness in your ears as well as flaky skin.
The symptom of ringworm is an itchy red rash.
Athlete's foot causes signs of cracked skin or blistered skin.
Tinea versicolor results in discoloured patches of skin.
However, having assessed the symptoms for a number of other fungal infections, we can more or less conclude that the symptoms for a fungal infection display almost exclusively at the site of infection. Additionally, some general symptoms include skin-related rashes/cracking as well as itching.
3 Common Types of Fungal Infections
Fungal infection is also classified as mycosis. Here are 3 types of mycoses, or fungal infections, which you should know of:
1. Jock Itch
Jock itch is a type of fungal infection around the groin area, inner thighs, and buttocks. It is caused due to dermatophytes, a type of fungi that grow in warm and humid conditions.
A doctor should be able to diagnose jock itch by taking a look at the affected skin. It usually looks like a red rash which is itchy and ring-shaped.
Jock Itch Fungal Infection Treatment
Jock itch may be treated at home by keeping the affected area clean and dry. You can also apply over-the-counter antifungal medicines like creams, spray or powder. However, you must consult your doctor if the symptoms persist.
2. Athlete’s Foot