3. Dental cavities:
This oral infection is characterised by holes in teeth because of tooth decay.
Also known as early gum disease, the symptoms include inflammation in gums along with bleeding. This is caused when bacteria settle and produce toxins in the gum lining.
5. Periodontal disease:
If left untreated, Gingivitis oral infection can result in periodontal disease. Here, the oral infection spreads under the gumline and affects the bone and supporting tissues. The symptoms include painful sores on the affected area along with difficulty in having food. There can also be mild flu-like symptoms.
6. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease:
This is caused by the virus: Coxsackie A16. Symptoms include painful blisters inside the tongue, cheeks, soles of feet and buttocks. Typically, the infection recedes, on its own, after three days.
This mouth infection is related to the Hand, Foot and Mouth disease. Here, the painful sores at the back of the mouth are accompanied by fever, sore throat and difficulty in swallowing food or liquid. This oral infection disappears on its own between three and five days.
8. Oral Herpes:
Caused by the Herpes Simplex virus, this oral infection has symptoms, like fluid-filled blisters inside the mouth or on the lips along with ulcers on the tongue and mild flu-like fever.
This oral infection, common among smokers, has symptoms such as thick, white patches on the tongue and inside the mouth. It usually goes away on its own but is linked with critical ailments, like oral cancer.
Diagnosis of Oral Infection
A dentist can diagnose oral infection after conducting a physical examination. Typically symptoms, like swelling of the mouth or gums along with tooth pain, deposition of substances inside the mouth and mild fever are the key factors to diagnose oral infections. In the case of viral infections, diagnostic tests are required. X rays and CT scans can be required for more severe infections.
Oral Infection Treatment
There can be either simple or complicated oral infections. Here’s a look at the treatment process for both:
Treatment for simple oral infection:
This includes instructing the patient to maintain proper oral hygiene along with prescribing the requisite medicines. The first-line choice for simple oral infections includes Amoxicillin, topical medications, like Silver Diamine Fluoride and antibiotics such as Erythromycin and Clindamycin.
Treatment for complicated oral infection:
Severe mouth infections require invasive medical procedures to protect a patient’s airway and drain the abscess. In case of deep wounds, doctors clean and wash the wounds to ensure a speedy recovery. Antibiotics such as Penicillin are also used. In the case of viral oral infections, antiviral treatment is the first-line choice.
Home Remedies for Oral Infection
You can use the following home remedies to get relief from oral infections:
Rinse with the hydrogen peroxide solution
Topical application of essential oils or garlic
Topical application of aloe vera gel
Sipping herbal teas
When Should I See a Doctor for Oral Infections?
You must see a doctor if any mouth sore or inflammation stays for more than 10 days. Though not every mouth infection requires immediate medical attention, you must take a doctor’s appointment in case of the below warning signs:
Blisters on the skin
Inflammation in the eye
Complications Caused by Oral Infections
If you leave an oral infection untreated, it can spread to your face and/or neck. Serious infections can spread to more distant parts of your body. Though rare, oral infections can also lead to systemic diseases, affecting different tissues of your body.
Prevention of Oral Infections
You must fix regular appointments with your dentist along with maintaining proper oral hygiene. Alongside, avoid poor lifestyle choices such as tobacco and alcohol consumption.
Yes, prevention is always better than cure. But you know what’s better? Staying prepared for the worst case scenario! Get yourself and your loved ones insured against medical emergencies with a health insurance cover. With the insurance plans available at Bajaj Markets, you can get maximum coverage at a feasible price, so you can focus on getting fit and healthy, while we take care of your medical bills.
According to medical research, an oral infection can impact your overall health. Along with having good oral hygiene, you should never ignore any symptoms of oral infections and visit a medical practitioner immediately. To receive the best medical attention that does not impact your finances, consider buying a health insurance policy.