What is Skin Allergy?

Skin allergies or skin rashes are usually temporary outbreaks of red, bumpy, flaking, or itchy patches of skin, possibly with blisters or swellings. The symptoms seen are usually itchy or extremely dry skin, red marks on the skin, or leakage of a certain fluid if you scratch too hard.

 Once you are aware of your skin allergy, it's best to get it treated right away before it spreads further or gets worse. The skin allergy treatment would depend on the usage of moisturisers, and certain topical medications that help dampen down the irritation and inflammation on the skin. Learn more about the effects of skin allergies in the article below.


Skin Allergy | Finserv MARKETS

Skin Allergy: Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

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What is a Skin Allergy?

It can be extremely irritating to have bumpy, red, itchy skin. It is not only embarrassing but also painful. Rashes are caused due to multiple reasons such as getting exposed to plants like poison ivy, allergic reactions to food or medication. Rashes on skin can also be caused due to medical illnesses like chicken pox or measles.

Skin allergies such as eczema and hives are very common types of rashes. Read on to find out in detail about the causes, symptoms and diagnosis of various types of skin allergies.

Symptoms of Skin Allergy

There are several symptoms of Skin allergies, such as:

1. Itchy skin:

One of the first symptoms that you are most likely to notice if you have skin allergy is an itchy skin. It is suggested that you do not scratch your skin, so as to avoid any burns and/or infection, or further spread of the allergy.

2. Dry skin:

You will notice that your skin is drier than the usual with white patches in some cases if you have skin allergy. Remember that you need to use moisturisers or lotions that are prescribed by your doctor. This is to ensure that your skin is not being affected by any harmful chemicals.

3. Red marks on the skin:

Red marks or rashes are a very direct giveaway of skin allergy. Try to avoid direct exposure to the sunlight, and use creams or lotions that are prescribed by your doctor to avoid any kind of deterioration in your condition.

4. Leakage of fluids that crust over in case the skin is scratched:

If you end up scratching your itchy skin too often, you are most likely going to see leakage of fluids on certain areas of your skin.

In cases of skin allergy in kids, some of the common symptoms are:

  • Rashes on the bend of their elbows, wrists, or joints

  • Rashes behind their ears, or their knees

  • Rashes on hands and feet

There are also certain patients of skin allergy who have what is known as the faulty filaggrin genes, which causes hand eczema, which is basically the appearance of excessive lines on the skin of the palms.

Causes of Skin Allergy

There are various kinds of an itchy skin allergy which can be caused due to multiple factors. Itchy skin allergy has causes that include infections, reaction of medications, and immune system disorders. The following are the causes of some specific kinds of skin allergy:

1. Eczema or Atopic Dermatitis:

Eczema is known as the most common type of skin allergy. It is especially common when it comes to skin allergy in kids. The causes of this commonly found skin allergy in kids are:

  • Faulty genes in the skin known as filaggrin

  • Irritants and/or allergens

  • Stress

  • Environmental triggers

2. Allergic Contact Dermatitis:

The following are the causes of the skin allergy that is known as Allergic Contact Dermatitis:

  • Direct contact of skin with any allergen

  • Direct contact of skin with poison oak, poison ivy or poison sumac

3. Hives or Urticaria:

The following are the causes of the skin allergy known as Urticaria or more commonly known as Hives:

  • Food items such as eggs, shellfish, nuts, or peanuts

  • Physical stimuli like heat, cold, pressure, sun exposure or exercise

  • Medications like antibiotics, aspirin, or ibuprofen

  • Insect bites or stings

  • Latex

  • Bacterial infection such as strep throat or urinary tract infection

  • Blood transfusion

  • Viral infections such as common cold, hepatitis, or infectious mononucleosis

  • Pollen

  • Pet dander

  • Certain plants

4. Angioedema:

The following are the causes of the skin allergy known as Angioedema:

  • Food items like nuts, eggs, milk, and shellfish

  • Medications such as aspirin, antibiotics, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

  • Insect bites or stings

  • Latex

Types of Skin Allergy

  • Eczema:

Eczema is a condition that causes patches of your skin to become rough, inflamed, rough, and cracked. It is an itchy skin allergy condition that is called Atopic Dermatitis in medical terms. It is a condition that is commonly found in children who are aged below five.

  • Allergic Contact Dermatitis:

Allergic Contact Dermatitis is an itchy skin allergy condition which is relapsing or persistent. It is a skin condition that is caused due to contact of the skin with an allergen. The allergen may be harmless to people who do not have this skin condition.

  • Urticaria:

If you find that your skin is red, itchy and has white raised welts or bumps, it would be best to get a skin allergy test done. These bumps are known as Urticaria and could appear in any place on your body in various sizes. Commonly known as Hives, this condition can be acute where the welts generally go within a day or a couple of weeks. Chronic hives is a condition that could last for months or in some cases even years.

  • Angioedema:

This is a condition where the deeper layers of your skin would swell up. You should get a skin allergy test done immediately, if you see any unfamiliar swelling in soft tissues such as the mouth, eyelids or genital areas. Acute Angioedema lasts for a short span of time which is a few minutes to hours. Chronic Angioedema, however, is a recurrent condition and lasts for a long time. Hereditary Angioedema or HAE is a rare but extremely serious skin allergy condition which causes swelling in the face, hands and feet, intestinal walls and airways.

Ways of Transmission

There are several ways in which skin allergy in adults and skin allergy in kids get transmitted:

  • Person-to-person contact:

Most of the contagious allergies spread when there is a person-to-person contact

  • Skin contact:

Some rashes get transmitted when somebody infected scratches their rash and then directly touches another person who is not infected yet

  • Indirect contact:

There are also rashes which can get transmitted due to indirect contact such as walking on an infected floor or touching an infected surface

Diagnosis of Skin Allergy

Once you get your skin allergy test results and find out what condition you have, do not wait for too long to get started with your skin allergy treatment. Skin allergies are very common and skin allergy treatment is something that should not be avoided, to get rid of the condition as soon as possible, before it spreads further or gets worse. Skin allergy in kids and in adults are treated by an immunologist or an allergist who has a specialisation and the right training and expertise to correctly diagnose your skin allergy condition, and provide you with solution and/or relief for the symptoms that you have.

In many cases of allergy in children, the cause remains unclear. In such cases, the skin allergy treatment would depend on usage of moisturisers, and certain topical medications which help dampen down the irritation and inflammation on the skin. It is always in cases of skin allergy in kids to get a food allergy test done, followed by an appointment with a dietitian. Get health insurance facilitated by Finserv MARKETS to keep yourself and your family safe.

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