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How to Treat Dandruff at Home?

Some home remedies for dandruff include using tea tree oil with your shampoo, usage of coconut oil that improves skin hydration and prevents dryness, and aloe vera which also helps protect against dandruff. Another home remedy to treat dandruff is by using apple cider vinegar, aspirin, or baking soda which are excellent home remedy natural solutions. For more such natural home remedies, causes, and preventive actions to control dandruff continue reading this article.

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About Home Remedies for Dandruff

Dandruff is a scalp condition that leads to the flaking of skin. In some cases, it can cause itchiness and discomfort. Dandruff is a common condition, especially among teenagers, and everyone suffers from it at some point in their lives.


If you are someone who has been grappling with dandruff for quite some time and are looking for ways to get rid of it, we have just the solution for you. In this section, we have discussed some simple home remedies for dandruff and itchy scalp. However, before we get to it, let us understand what causes this issue.

What Causes Dandruff?

Some of the potential factors that can cause dandruff are as follows:

1. Seborrheic Dermatitis

People suffering from seborrheic dermatitis tend to have irritated, oily skin and are most likely to experience dandruff. The condition primarily affects the scalp and can spread to the back of the ears, eyebrows, chest, and other body parts.

Other medical conditions that commonly involve seborrheic dermatitis are as follows:

  • Psoriasis

  • HIV

  • Acne

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Epilepsy

  • Alcohol dependency

  • Depression

  • Eating disorders

  • Recovery from a stroke or heart attack

  • Weak immune system

  • Fatigue

  • Obesity

Please get in touch with a doctor immediately before the condition worsens.

2. Skin Conditions

In addition to psoriasis, a few other skin infections that lead to flaking skin on the scalp are as follows:

Again, get in touch with your doctor immediately before the condition worsens.

3. Haircare Products

Certain shampoos and haircare products cause scalp irritation, leading to dandruff. If you realise that your haircare routine is causing irritation, try to switch to products that are gentle and non-medicated. In some cases, not shampooing enough can also cause a build-up of oil and dead skin cells, resulting in dandruff.

4. Other Factors

A few other factors that can potentially increase the risk of developing dandruff are as follows:

  • Extreme weather conditions

  • Infrequent brushing of your hair

  • Stress

  • Age

  • Hormonal factors, quite common in men/women

  • Vitamin B deficiency

  • Zinc deficiency

Home Remedies for Dandruff

Depending on the cause of dandruff, you can start its treatment. As mentioned earlier, we have explained how you can begin your dandruff treatment at home. Here are a few natural remedies for dandruff.

  • Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil is known to have excellent anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties that helps elevate the dandruff symptoms. Moreover, it is known to fight against fungal strains that lead to seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff, making it another easy dandruff treatment at home. Add 2-3 drops of the oil to your shampoo and wash as usual.

However, note that tea tree oil can cause irritation for those with sensitive skin. It is, thus, best to dilute it by adding a few drops of coconut oil before applying it to the scalp.

  • Coconut Oil

While coconut oil has several health benefits, it is also one of the best home remedies for dandruff. Coconut oil may help improve skin hydration and prevent dryness, which is otherwise known to worsen dandruff. Apply coconut oil to your scalp for eight weeks daily and observe the dandruff symptoms reduce.

  • Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is known to treat skin conditions such as sunburn, psoriasis, and cold sores. It is also the best home remedy for dandruff. The antibacterial and antifungal properties of aloe vera are known to help protect against dandruff. Moreover, aloe vera reduces inflammation of the skin, thus relieving the dandruff symptoms.

  • Manage Stress

Chronic stress is known to impact your physical and mental well-being. Typically, stress does not cause dandruff directly but aggravates its symptoms, including dryness and irritation. Suppressing your stress for a long time can weaken your immune system. A weakened immune system can reduce the body’s ability to fight against fungal infections and skin conditions that can cause dandruff.

  • Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is known for its multiple health benefits such as improving insulin sensitivity and weight loss. It is also used as one of the natural remedies for dandruff. The acidity of the vinegar is known to help stimulate the shedding of dead skin cells on the scalp. Furthermore, apple cider vinegar is also said to balance the pH of the skin, reducing the growth of fungus and getting rid of dandruff.

  • Aspirin

Aspirin contains salicylic acid that has anti-inflammatory properties. It is one of the primary components of anti-dandruff shampoos. Salicylic acid works by getting rid of scaly skin and loosening flakes so that they are easy to remove. The best remedy for dandruff, try crushing two tablets of aspirin and adding the powder to your shampoo before hair wash. Please note that you have to crush the tablet into your shampoo and not consume it.

  • Baking Soda

The best dandruff home remedies include baking soda, which works as a natural scalp exfoliator. It not only exfoliates the flakes on the scalp but also soothes and reduces itching. Simply add it to your shampoo and wash it normally.

Do You Need a Doctor?

Minor to mild cases of dandruff do not need a doctor’s consultation. However, if you still have dandruff issues despite following these home remedies, it may be time to call a dermatologist. Other health conditions that can look like dandruff include eczema, psoriasis, or fungal infections.

How to Prevent Dandruff?

These are some preventive measures to avoid dandruff in the future.

  • Diet: Try to lay off of sugars and carbs as they stimulate the sebaceous glands and trigger excessive oil secretion.

  • Do Not Scratch: Dryness of the scalp causes itching, leading you to scratch the affected area. Scratching can easily wound the dry skin, leading to infections.

  • Shampoo the Scalp: In case of using a special shampoo to prevent dandruff, massage and wash the scalp rather than the hair. Massage the shampoo for a minimum of 5 minutes to ensure the ingredients in the product activate properly.

  • Exfoliation: Try scalp exfoliators as they remove the top layer of the dry skin.


Depending on the sensitivity of your scalp, it can be determined whether you have a mild or acute dandruff issue. As dandruff can be a year-round problem for many, it is pivotal to know what dandruff remedies suit you the best. Next time you start spotting flakes, give a few of these natural remedies a try.

Moreover, if you notice that dandruff is just an underlying symptom for a severe health issue, get medical attention immediately. The consultation and treatment expenses for the same should be covered in your health insurance plan. If you have any doubts, contact your insurance provider and get it resolved as soon as possible.

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