About World Asthma Day

World Asthma Day is organized every year on the first Tuesday of May to raise awareness about the respiratory disease and bring together researchers, medical professionals, pharmacologists and healthcare groups to try to discuss ways to mitigate it collectively. Asthma makes breathing difficult due to the buildup of mucous that constricts the airways. During the bout of an asthma trigger, the bronchial tube linings swell, which reduce the constant exchange of air with the lungs. It leads to insomnia, weariness and lethargy.

Symptoms may vary depending on the person, but whopping cough, inability to breath, chest pain are the most common symptoms. Asthma attack can occur at any time of the day and it's most severe after strenuous physical activity or at night. As per the WHO, over 300 million people globally are affected by asthma. There’s no permanent cure for asthma but it can be controlled and managed if needed precautions and medications are taken.

History of World Asthma Day

The first World Asthma Day was observed in 1998. It started as an endeavor by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA), a medical guidelines organization setup in 1993. More than 35 countries participated in the maiden World Asthma Day that was held on the sidelines of the World Asthma Meeting in Barcelona, Spain. Since then, World Asthma Day is held every year on the first Tuesday of May, and participation has grown manifold in these two decades.  It is the primary event to raise awareness about asthma and take a collective, collaborative approach against it.

Importance of World Asthma Day

According to the Global Asthma Report 2018, more than 1000 people succumb to asthma daily. The numbers are frightening and call for massive awareness, affordable and quality healthcare and a concerted global approach. Over 300 million people are afflicted with asthma every year, and what's worse is that it is not at all diagnosed in most cases and thus leads to untimely death. Early diagnosis and timely treatment, for which awareness is crucial, can save lives. The numbers are increasing each year and unless there's global cooperation and widespread awareness, the disease will continue to spread rampantly. This is where the need for World Asthma Day arises. 

Aims of World Asthma Day

The theme for World Asthma Day 2021 is 'Uncovering Asthma Misconceptions'. This year's event will aim to combat all the prevailing misconceptions about asthma. Dispelling false notions and misinformation about any disease is extremely important so that people get to know the facts about it and don't hesitate in seeking medical consultation.

Some of the most common asthma myths are that it's only a childhood disease, it's infectious, those who suffer from asthma should limit physical activities, and it can be controlled only with high steroid doses.

The scientific truth is that asthma can affect anyone irrespective of age group. Contrary to the myth, it's not an infectious disease. Asthma is controllable with low-dose steroids, and when under control, those who suffer from it can perform physical activities as well.

How is World Asthma Day celebrated

Every year the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) selects a theme and supervises preparation and dissemination of the resources and material related to World Asthma Day. It also handles the World Asthma Day Internet Headquarters that has a catalogue of the resources that can be downloaded along with a complete list of various activities taking place around the world.

How to observe World Asthma Day

Here’s how you can observe World Asthma Day:


Groups and organizations can invite health professionals for a discussion on the ways to detect symptoms and seek treatment.

Conduct Awareness Drives

Any outdoor excursion can be conducted along with few asthma patients and medical professionals. It will provide useful information on how anyone suffering from asthma can control it outdoors if a sudden attack occurs. Schools, colleges, universities and other educational institutions can conduct interactive awareness drives.

Leverage Social Media

Everyone can take out a few minutes out of our daily routines and trend #WorldAsthmaDay and #WAD on social media platforms during World Asthma Day 2021.

World Asthma Day Campaigns

Every year the World Asthma Day campaigns are designed according to the theme. Let's have a look at previous years' themes: -

2004: Emphasis on asthma, reduce the burden of asthma

2005 and 2006: The Unmet Needs of Asthma

2007-2015: You Can Control Your Asthma

2016: You Can Control Your Asthma

2017: Allergy and Asthma

2018: Better Air Better Breathing

2019: STOP For Asthma

2020: Enough Asthma Deaths

World Asthma Day Dates





May 4



May 3



May 2



May 7



May 6



May 5



May 4


To Sum Up

World Asthma Day creates public awareness about asthma with various themes each year. Active civil participation, broad-scale collaborative and a cooperative approach is essential in the fight against this disease. A dedicated annual Asthma Day helps achieve all of these objectives and remind people about the common precautions, symptoms and available medications. In order to protect yourself and your family against respiratory tract diseases it is important to avoid air pollution. Further, while you take the necessary precautions, uncertainties are bound to happen. Here’s why you need a good health insurance plan to avail the best of medical facilities. If you plan to buy a health insurance plan with comprehensive coverage, Finserv MARKETS is just the right platform for you.

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FAQs related to World Asthma Day

  • ✔️Who is more prone to get infected to asthma?

    Asthma tends to be hereditary, so there's a likelihood of a child developing it if someone in the family already has it. Dust particles, pollen, air pollution, smoke can exacerbate asthma symptoms.

  • ✔️Can air purifiers reduce asthma?

    It's not at all clear whether air purifiers have any effect on reducing the intensity and duration of asthma attacks. However, it can be tried if the air is too polluted.

  • ✔️Can asthma be fully cured?

    There's no complete cure for asthma yet, but there have been cases where disease vanishes after years of regular medication. However, it may recur again in the patient.

  • ✔️What is the most common age group at which asthma starts?

    Asthma can begin at any age, however, over 50% of patients report their first symptoms before the age of 10. There are also many cases of children below the age of 6 getting asthmatic attacks.

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