New Motor Vehicle Act 2019

Buying a vehicle is a dream of most Indians. And with the increased headcount on vehicle owners across the country, we believe that accomplishing this dream does not seem very difficult. However, an increase in the number of vehicles has simultaneously given rise to the number of road casualties as well.

Many leading news reports suggest that over 1.5 lakh lives on an average are lost every year in India due to road accidents, while thousands of them are severely injured. Apart from dealing with bodily injuries, having your car involved in a road accident can be a financially stressful situation for anyone. For this reason, each one of us should contribute little towards maintaining road safety.

So, how do we improvise on road safety with increasing traffic-like situations in metropolitan cities and other areas? With each passing day, people only tend to violate the traffic safety rules more than following them. Hence, to raise awareness regarding the same, the Motor Vehicle Act of 2019 came into existence.

The purpose of the Act is to make Indian roads safer to travel and promote the importance of safe driving amongst the young generation. Here, let us discuss the new Motor Vehicle Act, 2019, more in-detail.

What is the New Motor Vehicle Act 2019?

The Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha in July 2019 to amend the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988 and introduce new traffic rules for road safety. Along with stiffer penalties for traffic violations, the act provides for new rules pertaining to grants of licenses and permits and vehicle fitness standards.

After being passed by the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha has suggested three changes to the Act. The Lok Sabha will scrutinize these changes. The New Motor Vehicle Act of 2019 provides for substantive changes in the existing traffic rules and penalties.

On the other hand, the bill also provides medical assistance to citizens in case of any road mishap. Moreover, the compensation amount given in case of death/injury has increased.

New Traffic Rules in India 2019

The penalties charged for anyone violating the new traffic safety rules are hefty. It can burn a hole in your pocket. Let us take a look at all the fines charged when one is observed offending the traffic rules, applicable from September 01, 2019.




General (offences for which no penalty is defined otherwise)

INR100 for the first offence; INR300 for subsequent offence

INR500 for the first offence; INR1,500 for subsequent offence

Road regulation violation



Disobedience of orders of authorities



Unauthorized use of vehicles without license


INR1,000 - INR5,000

Driving without license


INR5,000 and/or community service

Driving despite disqualification


INR10,000 and/or community service

Oversized vehicles


INR5,000 - INR10,000 and/or community service



INR1,000 - INR2,000 for LMV
INR2,000 - INR4,000 for MPV/HPV and/or impounding of driving license

Dangerous driving (e.g. jumping a red light)


INR1,000 - INR5,000 and/or imprisonment of 6 months to 1 year for the first offence, seizure of license; INR 10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 2 years for a subsequent offence

Drink driving


INR10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months to 1 year for the first offence; INR 15,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 2 years for a subsequent offence



INR5,000 and/or imprisonment of 1 month, community service; INR10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 1 month for a subsequent offence

Offences relating to an accident


Up to INR5,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months for the first offence; INR10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 1 year for a subsequent offence

Driving when mentally/physically unfit to drive

INR200 for the first offence; INR500 for a subsequent offence

INR1,000 for the first offence; INR2,000 for a subsequent offence

Vehicle without permit

Up to INR5,000

INR10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months, community service

Aggregators (violations of licensing conditions)


INR25,000 to INR1 lakh


INR2,000 and INR1,000 per extra tonne

INR20,000 and INR2,000 per extra tonne

Overloading of passengers


INR1,000 per extra passenger

No Seat belt


INR1,000 and/or community service

Overloading of two wheelers


INR2,000, disqualification of license for 3 months and/or community service

Not wearing a helmet


INR1,000 and/or disqualification of license for 3 months, community service

Not providing a way for emergency vehicles like ambulance


INR10,000 and/or community service

Driving without insurance

INR1,000 and/or punishment up to 3 months

INR 2,000 and/or imprisonment up to 3 months for the first offence; INR 4000 and/or imprisonment up to 3 months for the subsequent offence

Offences by juveniles


Guardian/owner shall be deemed to be guilty. INR25,000 with 3 years imprisonment and cancellation of the registration of the vehicle for 12 months. A Juvenile will be tried under the Juvenile Justice Act.

Power of officers to impound documents


Suspension of driving license

Offences committed by enforcing authorities


Twice the penalty under the relevant section

Taking a vehicle without lawful authority/seizing motor vehicle by force



Obstructing the free flow of traffic



Safe Driving Tips

Now that you are aware of the fines charged for reckless driving, here are a few safe driving tips that will help you and your loved ones avoid breaking the traffic rules.

  • At first, make sure that you have all the vehicle-related documents handy when driving. This includes the RC book, motor insurance certificate, permits, pollution control certificate, etc.

  • In case you are missing out on any documents listed above, get it registered before you get caught

  • You can also keep a digital copy of all these documents in your smartphone so that they are accessible in case you forget them at home

  • Apart from keeping the documents handy, also ensure that you are following the basic traffic safety rules. Mistakes like not wearing a seatbelt or can cost you a fortune under the new law

  • Get your vehicle checked for irregularities before hitting the road. Ensure that all the safety equipment like brakes, headlights, taillights, indicators, and emergency lights are in working condition

New Updates in the Central Motor Vehicle Act

Recently, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways made amendments to the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989. As per the revised rules, the government has implemented two major changes –

  1. Compulsory safety devices in motorcycles

  2. Spare tyres not necessary in all the cars

The manufacturers in India need to provide the following things under the new rules.

  • There should be handholds for co-riders on the side of the motorcycle or behind the rider seat. This should be as per the requirements specified in the IS: 14495-1998.

  • There should be footrests on both sides of the motorcycle.

  • A safety device to cover no less than half a portion of the rear wheel of the motorcycle. This ensures that the clothes of the co-riders are not entangled in the wheel, which can lead to mishaps when riding the bike.

  • The windscreen/window glass of the motorcycle to be made of safety glass/material.

  • The safety glass of the windscreen and rear windows in the car should provide no less than 70% visual transmission of light.

For motorcycles that come with a light-weight container attached to it should fulfil the following requirements –

  • The container dimensions should not exceed 550 mm in length, 510 mm in width, and 500 mm in height.

  • The weight of the container (including the mounting and load carrier) cannot exceed 30 kgs.

  • If the container is fitted on the co-rider space, no co-rider is allowed.

The motorcycle manufactured from January 2022 should fulfil the requirements specified in AIS 146:2018 until the corresponding BIS specifications are notified under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016 (11 of 2016).

Also, cars with tubeless tyres can now operate without a spare tyre provided the car owners have a tyre repair kit and a Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) with them at all times when driving.

To Conclude

The new Motor Vehicle Act 2019 has been implemented to ensure that road casualties in India decrease. You too can help the authorities make Indian roads safe to drive by simply being a responsible citizen and adhering to the rules.

With the new MV Act providing for new rules, you must always keep your vehicle insured. On Finserv MARKETS, you can get a quote and instantly purchase a comprehensive car insurance policy or bike insurance policy online.

Check Out Our Motor Insurance Policies

Even if you have not used the services here, you can fill the details on our website and just give a missed call on 0921154999. A representative will get in touch with you, and take you through the process.

Along with third-party liability, the policy also has its own damage coverage against loss or damage to the insured vehicle. You can also avail the facility of easy inspection and service at Finserv MARKETS’ preferred garages. The policy also has personal accident coverage for you along with co-passengers or the driver.

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Manage all your queries here

  • ✔️What does the Motor Vehicle Act mean?

    The Indian Parliament passed the Motor Vehicle Act in 1988. It helps regulate all the aspects of road transportation. It also has provisions for traffic safety regulations, motor insurance, vehicle registration, controlling permits, and penalties.
  • ✔️Is the New Motor Vehicle Act passed?

    The amendments made to the Motor Vehicle Act was passed by the government recently. They came into effect from September 01, 2019, across the country.
  • ✔️What is the fine for driving without PUC?

    The penalty for driving with a valid PUC is anywhere between INR 500 and INR 1000. Technically, it is between INR 1000 and INR 2000 for light motor vehicles. It is between INR 2000 and INR 4000 for medium motor vehicles. Also, you can face prison time of up to six months.
  • ✔️What is the fine for drinking and driving?

    The new penalties for drinking and driving have been enhanced to six months of imprisonment and/or INR 10,000 fine for the first offense. Any subsequent offenses will have to pay INR 15,000 fine and/or imprisonment for up to two years.
  • ✔️What is the fine for not wearing a helmet?

    Driving without a helmet has a penalty of INR 1000 and/or three months suspension of your driver’s license.
  • ✔️What will be the penalty for driving without a license under the New Motor Vehicle Act?

    Any illegal or unauthorized use of the vehicle without a valid license will attract a penalty of INR 5000. Also, driving despite license suspension will have to pay a penalty of INR 10,000.
  • ✔️Can Traffic police take your Licence?

    Yes. However, the traffic police will give you a valid receipt. They are not authorized to seize the license without a valid receipt.
  • ✔️What is the fine for an uninsured vehicle?

    The new MV act has enhanced the fine amount to INR 2000 and/or imprisonment for up to three months for driving an uninsured vehicle. For second and subsequent offences, the fine is INR 4000 and/or imprisonment for up to three months.
  • ✔️What vehicle documents should I carry while driving?

    The documents necessary when driving in India are as follows - 1. Registration certificate 2. PUC certificate 3. Driver’s license 4. Motor insurance plan 5. Any other required permits Hence, these above-mentioned documents are made compulsory under the New Motor Vehicle Act,2019, in India.

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