Section 177 of Motor Vehicle Act

To combat the rising number of road accidents, the Indian government made revisions to different provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act that took effect on September 1, 2019.


Section 177 of Motor Vehicle Act is one of the primary sections, and it contains broad requirements for sanctions for numerous traffic offences. If any person violates the traffic rules, he/she will receive punishments under Section 177 of the Motor Vehicle Act. Breaking traffic rules is considered a criminal offence, hence, to avoid this kind of situation, you must follow all rules and regulations implemented by the Indian government.

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Punishments Under Section 177 of the Motor Vehicles Act

As mentioned above, Section 177 lists out penalties for various traffic offences as well as their fines. Here is a look at the list of punishments and fines that fall under Section 177 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 2019:

Traffic Offence


Holder of a driving licence permitting it to be used by someone else

₹500 for 1st offence

₹1,500 for subsequent offence

Operating a driving school without a licence

₹500 for 1st offence

₹1,500 for subsequent offence

Driver failing to obey mandatory traffic signs

₹500 for 1st offence

₹1,500 for subsequent offence

Driver failing to obey prescribed signals on prescribed occasions

₹500 for 1st offence

₹1,500 for subsequent offence

Driver allowing someone to obstruct control of their vehicle

₹500 for 1st offence

₹1,500 for subsequent offence

Any individual in-charge of a vehicle carrying or allowing to carry another person on the running board, etc.

₹500 for 1st offence

₹1,500 for subsequent offence

It should also be noted that there is also a subsection of Section 177, called Section 177(A), which states:

“Penalty for contravention of regulations under Section 118-- Whoever contravenes the regulations made under Section 118 shall be punishable with a fine which shall not be less than five hundred rupees, but may extend to one thousand rupees”.


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Traffic Offences Under Section 177

Section 177 does not cover any specific traffic violation. Instead, the section lists out punishments for traffic offences where no specific penalty has been established. The monetary fines under Section 177 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 2019 range from ₹500 for first-time offences to ₹1,500 for repeating the same offences.


As mentioned earlier, the traffic violations under Section 177 include offences like not following mandatory traffic signs or particular prescribed signals, allowing someone to obstruct your control of the vehicle, operating a driving school without a licence, etc. At the time of amendments made in the Motor Vehicles Act, the fines under Section 177 were increased from ₹100 and ₹300 to ₹500 and ₹1,500 respectively.

To Conclude

If you were skipping on motor insurance to save some money, you should know that it can be very expensive to drive an uninsured vehicle, and land you in jail now. According to the new Motor Vehicles Act, you can be penalised an amount of ₹2,000 and/or imprisoned for up to 3 months for the first time you are caught driving an uninsured vehicle. For the second offence, you would have to face a fine of ₹4,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months. Why not escape this trouble, get a motor insurance policy available on Bajaj Markets and avail coverage against accident, theft, natural calamities, and also enjoy cashless claim servicing.

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FAQs on Section 177 of Motor Vehicles Act, 2019

  • ✔️How much is the fine for offences listed under Section 177 of the MV Act?

    The Section 177 MV Act fines range from ₹500 for first offences to ₹1,500 for subsequent offences. 

  • ✔️What is covered under Section 177 of the MV Act?

    MV Act 177 has general provisions for punishments for various traffic offences like not following mandatory traffic signals, running a driving school without licence, etc. 

  • ✔️ Can I skip paying my fines for challans received from the traffic police?

    No, if you fail to pay your traffic fines on time, you may be summoned to court for legal proceedings. 

  • ✔️Is driving without insurance a punishable offence?

    Yes, you may have to pay a fine of ₹2,000 or ₹4,000 for a repeat offence if you are caught driving without a valid third party insurance plan.

  • ✔️Is there a way to buy motor insurance online?

    Yes, you can buy motor insurance on Finserv MARKETS and other such online platforms. 

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