Svamitva Scheme - Know Meaning, Full form, Property Card

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Many populated villages in India are not appropriately surveyed, and as such, the residents do not possess legal documentation of the land they own. This is required for attestation or verification, and this lack of ownership rights also leaves these residents vulnerable to fraud. 

What they need is a system that grants access to authentic documents declaring their ownership status. With the sole purpose of providing fundamental ownership rights to these citizens, the Government of India has initiated the SVAMITVA Scheme. 

In fact, SVAMITVA is an acronym, and the SVAMITVA scheme’s full form is Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas. Read on to learn more about its features and benefits for village residents.

What are the Objectives of the SVAMITVA Scheme?

Launched by the Prime Minister of India on 24 April 2020, the SVAMITVA Yojana is a reformative initiative that aims to establish ownership rights in populated rural areas. After completing the pilot phase in nine Indian states, the SVAMITVA scheme was launched on National Panchayati Raj Day. 

The SVAMITVA Yojana uses drone technology to map large areas of land within a village. Then, property owners are given a Record of Rights (RoR) document along with legal ownership cards. This central sector initiative strives to cover around 6.5 Lakh villages by 2025. 

It is only due to the collaborative efforts of institutions like the State Panchayati Raj Department, State Revenue Department, Ministry of Panchayati Raj and Survey of India that this unique initiative has sprung into action. 

Now that you know the SVAMITVA scheme’s basics, read on to dive deeper into its objectives. Here are a few of them:


  • Decrease disputes related to properties

  • Create proper land records for each property within a village

  • Design a survey structure and a Geographic Information System (GIS) to help other departments access these documents easily

  • Calculate property tax

  • Increase financial inclusion among the rural population by enabling them to utilise their property to avail formal credit

  • Use GIS maps to design a proper development plan for the Gram Panchayat

How Does SVAMITVA Yojana Work?

The scheme uses drone technology to map and measure the residential properties in a village. Once these drones complete the mapping process, the respective State Government prepares the SVAMITVA Yojana property card for each owner. 

Then, the State Government distributes the SVAMITVA card to villagers, which gets registered under the Department of Land Revenue Records. This way, rural areas are demarcated using drones, and each owner is provided with ownership rights of the respective area.

What are the Activities Under the SVAMITVA Scheme?

While you know some of the brief pointers of the scheme, here are a few activities included as a part of the Yojana:

  • Mapping the populated rural areas by the Survey of India using drones

  • Using drone to survey and generate accurate maps for conferring ownership rights easily

  • Ensuring to follow and document the best practices in rural areas

  • Educating villagers by conducting regional and national workshops

  • Conducting awareness programmes to inform villages about the benefits of surveying technology

  • Establishing the programme management unit at state and national level for better execution

  • Implementing CORS or Continuous Operating Reference System to estimate accurate demarcation of lands

What is the SVAMITVA Card & How to Download it?

The SVAMITVA card is a document that indicates the ownership right you get for your property. Each landowner in your village gets it from the Government. The SVAMITVA card is a legal document that you can use to avail a loan from any financial institution. Simply put, you can use the card to pledge the property in case of any financial requirement.

The SVAMITVA Scheme covered around nine states during its pilot phase. These states include:

  • Madhya Pradesh

  • Karnataka

  • Rajasthan

  • Andhra Pradesh

  • Punjab

  • Maharashtra

  • Uttarakhand

  • Haryana

  • Uttar Pradesh

While the scheme was launched in the year 2020, the property card distribution began on 11 October 2020. You can download the card via an SMS link sent to your registered mobile number. 

Shortly after, the respective State Government distributes physical copies of the SVAMITVA Scheme property cards. Getting a property card via SVAMITVA initiative assures you of the ownership rights on your land.

What is the Coverage for SVAMITVA Scheme?

The scheme aims to cover approximately 6.62 villages within India. The estimated timeline for the same is around five years, up to 2025. While the pilot phase targeted nine states, it covered about 1 Lakh villages. 

Post the pilot phase, the Government aimed at scaling-up processes and moved on to the next phase. This phase strives to cover the remaining villages and establish around 567 CORS stations within India. With this extensive network, it is much more feasible to establish an accurate regional positioning service, which is needed for core functions of mapping. 

The accuracy of the CORS network helps determine the exact positioning of the rover, which is a GPS receiver that can collect and transmit data efficiently. Any corrections made to the map are sent from the control centre to the rover receiver. 

Similarly, the CORS network is used in numerous applications, such as:

  • Navigating and tracking

  • Fleet management

  • Large scale mapping

  • Land information management

With such an accurate setup, the SVAMITVA scheme is heading toward success and is estimated to be completed by 2025.

What is the Need for SVAMITVA Scheme?

The scheme has been launched towards the development of the rural population in India. After completing the second phase, around 6.5 Lakh villages and its residents stand to benefit from it. 

Each property owner gets the Record of Rights document after completing the registration of the concerned property. Thanks to the initiative, India’s rural population can utilise these residential assets to avail credit or other financial services. 

For many, such documentation paves the way forward into the formal financial arena. As such, it is a step in the right direction to help bring about financial inclusion.  

Benefits of the SVAMITVA Scheme

Based on its features and activities, it is clear that this scheme is primed to empower the rural population of India. While this is overarching objective, here are a few key benefits of the SVAMITVA Scheme:

  • Provides ownership rights for the village area you own

  • Facilitates easy SVAMITVA card download via the SMS link on your mobile

  • Helps use the SVAMITVA cards to avail credit from financial institutions

  • Ensures efficient development of rural areas by mapping and demarcating properties in villages

  • Assures minimal errors when drawing boundaries within properties with effective implementation of CORS network and drone technology

  • Aids in developing many infrastructure programmes in rural areas

  • Provides clarity for villagers on their property rights

  • Minimises encroachment or assists with such land issues 

  • Streamlines and facilitates taxation, issuance of permits, and designing of new building plans 

What are the Survey Activities Carried Out for SVAMITVA Scheme?

Before conducting a survey under the SVAMITVA Scheme, you must get permission. Following this, you have to organise a Gram Sabha to inform the village residents about the benefits of the survey. 

All land parcels, including Government assets, open plots, individual properties etc., are marked. Using chuna lines, properties are demarcated accordingly. After this is complete, the area to be surveyed is notified wherein drones are permitted to fly.

After completion of these presurvey activities, the following steps need to be implemented:

  • Step 1: Establishing the CORS network

  • Step 2: Fixing Ground control points

  • Step 3: Acquiring images with the drone

  • Step 4: Processing data obtained from the drone

  • Step 5: Preparing digital maps and generating base maps

What are the Post-survey Activities for SVAMITVA Scheme?

Once these survey activities are complete, the post-survey activities commence. Here, the survey personnel checks for the ownership of various land parcels. They also try to resolve any disputes before conferring ownership rights. 

The SVAMITVA Yojana property card is distributed to each owner that serves as a legal document. After the survey activities, it is vital to update all records regularly. Government officials also educate the villagers by conducting various training programmes.

Areas of Impact in SVAMITVA Scheme

One of the main areas of impact in this scheme is to encourage an inclusive society. As rural villages are commonly denied access to property rights, the implementation of this scheme helps tackle this issue. 

It enables villagers to enjoy ownership rights on their land, thus giving them umpteen benefits and instilling confidence in them. Another impactful area of this yojana is land governance. To carry out any economic activity for income generation purposes, land plays a crucial role. 

Owners will need documentation to set up any establishments. If these populated villages are not clearly demarcated, there are higher chances of conflicts related to land ownership. These definitely inhibit progress and cause valuable assets to get locked up in litigation.  

Thanks to the SVAMITVA Scheme, such disputes will likely get solved at the grassroots level. This yojana develops high-resolution maps of the village, and these can bring about wide-scale infrastructural development in rural India. 

With a transparent and straightforward approach, cash is also allocated efficiently toward the development of the village. Subsequently, many infrastructural developments such as schools, hospitals, roads, street lighting and community health centres can be established. All these aid in the development of rural areas. 

Apart from these umpteen features, helping villagers to monetise their assets is another objective of the SVAMITVA scheme. This also helps boost the country’s economic growth. Also, a simplified way of property tax collection within states helps increase investments. The SVAMITVA Yojana not only supports rural areas but also contributes to the country’s growth and development.

Who Can be a Beneficiary of the SVAMITVA Yojana?

All village residents residing in populated villages from 25 September 2018, are included in the scheme. So, these villagers can be considered beneficiaries of the scheme.

What are the Expected Outcomes of SVAMITVA Yojana?

After the successful completion of the scaling-up phase by 2025, the RoR document gets updated in property registers. Then, the respective rural land owners can initiate a Svamitva card download using an SMS link. 

Following this, physical copies of the property cards are given to the property owners. For financial assistance, villagers can pledge this card as assets in banks and other lending institutions. 

The successful completion of the scheme may also ease property tax collection. The yojana is one step closer to digitising the nation, which enables rural people to get rightful ownership of their property.

By conferring ownership rights in rural villages, villagers can easily construct their houses. In fact, the property cards distributed by the State Government can be used to avail home loan from banks and other financial institutions. 

Once empowered, these citizens will have the documentation required to avail formal credit such as housing loans from leading lenders and on platforms such as Bajaj Markets. 

FAQs About SVAMITVA Scheme

  • ✔️Is it mandatory to have an Aadhaar card and an Aadhaar-linked mobile number to get the benefits of PM SVAMITVA Yojana?

    Yes. To avail the benefits of the scheme, it is essential to have an Aadhaar card along with an Aadhaar-linked mobile number.

  • ✔️Which departments are involved in implementing PM Modi’s SVAMITVA Yojana?

    The SVAMITVA scheme is a result of the collaborative efforts of these four departments:

    • Central Panchayati Raj

    • Panchayati Raj Ministry

    • Survey of India

    • Revenue Department

  • ✔️Can the Svamitva card be linked to DigiLocker?

    Yes. DigiLocker is a secure platform in which you can store your documents safely. It eliminates the need to use physical documents for government-related procedures. 

    Thanks to the DigiLocker, you can store documents that anyone can access. Once the State Government integrates the Svamitva card with DigiLocker, the respective property owner can access it online easily.

  • ✔️How can I know if my village is covered under the SVAMITVA Scheme?

    All you need to do is log on to the Ministry of Panchayati Raj’s official website to get the scheme’s details. Here is the link:

  • ✔️How many drone surveys have been completed to date?

    As of 12 December 2022, drone surveys have been completed in more than 2 Lakh villages. 

  • ✔️What is the total number of property cards prepared and distributed under the SVAMITVA Yojana?

    The property cards have been prepared for approximately 48,915 villages while only 43,763 rural areas have received cards as of 12 December 2022.

  • ✔️What are the eligibility parameters to avail the benefits of the scheme?

    To meet the eligibility criteria, you must be a resident of a populated village on or after 25 September 2018. According to the scheme, only these village residents are conferred ownership rights for their land parcels.

  • ✔️Who are the key stakeholders of the scheme?

    These are the key stakeholders responsible for implementing, controlling and monitoring the scheme.

    • Nodal Ministry of the Government of India

    • Local authorities of the District

    • Property owner

    • State Revenue Department

    • Panchayati Raj Department of the respective state

    • Gram Panchayat

    • National Informatics Division

  • ✔️When was the scheme implemented?

    The Honourable Prime Minister of India initiated the SVAMITVA Scheme after the pilot phase completion in nine Indian states.

  • ✔️What is the sole aim of the yojana?

    The scheme was launched with the main agenda of making rural India Atma Nirbhar.

  • ✔️What is the nomenclature for the SVAMITVA Yojana property cards?

    Though it is commonly known as property cards on a national level, each state included in the pilot phase has adopted different names to represent their respective cards.


    Take a look at the table below to understand the nomenclature in some of the states:

    • Maharashtra – Sannad

    • Haryana – Title deed

    • Uttarakhand – Svamitva Abhilekh

    • Madhya Pradesh – Adhikar Abhikekh

    • Karnataka – Rural Property Ownership Record

  • ✔️What are the main components of the SVAMITVA Yojana?

    • Establishing CORS network

    • Mapping large-scale areas using the drone technology

    • Informing and educating village residents through awareness programmes

    • Building a spatial planning application called Gram Manchitra to utilise GIS maps and technology for area demarcation

    • Tracking the operation of the scheme by implementing an online monitoring system

    • Setting up of programme management units at state and national levels

    • Conducting workshops at regional and national levels