The Motor Vehicles Act, 2019

The Motor Vehicles Act, 2019 is a set of rules framed to govern various aspects of motor vehicles such as traffic rules, registration of motor vehicles, motor vehicle insurance, and various other vehicular permits. Also known as the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019, it came into effect on September 01, 2019, and replaced several sections and rules contained in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.

 

The primary objective of the Motor Vehicles Act of 2019 is to significantly improve road safety by bringing about several structural and framework changes including the imposition of strict fines and penalties for traffic rule violations. The introduction of these new traffic rules for two-wheelers and other motor vehicles has brought down the instances of traffic violations across the country.  

Two Wheeler Driving Rules Under The Motor Vehicles Act, 2019

If you commute frequently via a two-wheeler or are planning on doing so shortly, then you must be well-versed with the various traffic rules for two-wheelers that you would have to follow.

 

This way, you can ensure that you follow them diligently and don’t flout any of them even by mistake. Here’s a quick overview of some of the two-wheeler driving rules under the Motor Vehicles Act of 2019 including the penalties that you will have to bear for not following them.

1. Riding Without A Valid Licence 

According to the Motor Vehicles Act, 2019, you’re required to have a valid licence on your person at all times when riding a two-wheeler. Failure to produce a valid driving licence can lead to a penalty of ₹5,000 under the act. Also, if you're found to be riding a two-wheeler with a disqualified licence, you could be levied a fine of ₹10,000. 

2. Riding Without Valid Insurance

As with a valid licence, every two-wheeler rider is required to have at least a valid third-party insurance policy for their vehicle. Failure to produce a valid insurance policy during a traffic inspection can lead to a penalty of ₹2,000 and or imprisonment of up to 3 months in the case of a first offence. As per the two-wheeler driving rules, in the event of a second offence, the penalty would increase to ₹4,000 and or imprisonment of up to 3 months. 

 

Seeing as the penalties are severe and could even lead to imprisonment, apply for at least a third-party insurance plan for your two-wheeler as soon as possible if you don’t have one already. This way, you can not only avoid a two-wheeler insurance challan from the traffic authorities but also stay protected from third-party liabilities arising due to an accident involving your two-wheeler. 

3. Riding Without A Helmet 

When riding a two-wheeler, both the rider and the pillion, if any, should mandatorily wear an ISI-approved helmet. If either the rider or the pillion is found to be not wearing a helmet, they could be fined a sum of ₹1,000. In addition to this, the rider’s driving licence could also be suspended for 3 months. 

4. Obstructing Emergency Vehicle Movement 

According to the current traffic rules for two-wheelers, not giving the right of way to emergency vehicles such as ambulances, police vehicles or fire service vehicles would amount to obstruction. And obstructing the movement of such vehicles is a traffic offence that carries a fine of about ₹10,000. 

5. Riding Past A Red Traffic Light 

As you might know already, skipping or not stopping at a red traffic light is a major traffic offence. Doing so on your two-wheeler can lead to a fine of about ₹1,000. Additionally, if it happens to be a repeat offence, you might even have to deal with a driving licence suspension. 

6. Riding Dangerously Or While Talking On The Phone 

Riding in a rash and aggressive manner without paying heed to the two-wheeler driving rules or other road users constitutes dangerous driving. If you’re found to be riding dangerously or while talking on the phone, you may be levied a fine of ₹5,000 and or imprisonment of up to 1 year for first-time offences. In the case of a repeat offence, the fine and imprisonment increase to ₹5,000 and up to 2 years respectively. 

7. Riding Under The Influence 

If you’re found to be under the influence of alcohol or any other intoxicating drug or substance while riding a two-wheeler you could be charged with a penalty of ₹10,000 and or imprisonment of up to 6 months in the case of a first offence. In the event of a second offence, the penalty would be ₹15,000 and or imprisonment of up to 2 years. The maximum permissible amount of blood alcohol level is 30 mg per 100 ml. 

8. Riding A Two-Wheeler On The Wrong Side 

As per the traffic rules for two-wheelers, you’re not supposed to ride your vehicle on the wrong side of the road under any circumstance. If you’re caught doing this by traffic authorities, you could be issued a two-wheeler wrong side challan of ₹500 to ₹1,000. Additionally, you may also be imprisoned along with a fine for 3 months. 

9. Riding Over The Permitted Speed Limit 

Every road in India has a designated speed limit. It can range from 40 kilometres per hour to 100 kilometres per hour. You should always ensure that you ride your two-wheeler below the speed limit designated for a road. If you’re found to be exceeding this limit, you can be levied a hefty fine of ₹2,000.

10. Riding A Two-Wheeler On No-Entry Roads 

Just like how it is an offence to ride on the wrong side of the road, the same is the case with riding on roads marked with a no-entry sign. Violating this rule could lead you to pay a fine. Currently, the no-entry fine for two-wheelers is ₹2,000 for the first offence. In the case of a repeat offence, the fine increases to ₹5,000. 

11. Overloading a Two-Wheeler

A maximum of up to two individuals are allowed to ride on any given two-wheeler. Exceeding this limit would amount to overloading, which carries a fine of ₹2,000. In addition to this, your driving licence may also be suspended temporarily for 3 months. 

Summary

As you can see, the penalties for not abiding by the two-wheeler driving rules laid out under the Motor Vehicles Act, 2019 are very severe. Therefore, the next time you take your two-wheeler out for a spin, make sure that you carry a valid insurance plan, and a valid licence, and follow all the traffic rules to the tee. This will not only help you avoid getting into trouble with the traffic authorities but can also keep you safe. 

FAQs for Traffic Rules For Two Wheeler

  • ✔️How far can I ride my new bike before the RTO Passing?

    Legally, you cannot ride your new bike without getting it registered with a Regional Transport Office (RTO) first. If not a permanent registration, you would have to at least get a temporary registration before riding your new bike on public roads.

  • ✔️Can we ride a bike without RC?

    No. The Registration Certificate (RC) is an important document that contains details of the vehicle and its owner. It is a mandatory document that you’re legally required to carry with you when riding a bike. It is illegal to ride any two-wheeler without possessing a valid Registration Certificate and can lead to severe action in the form of penalties or even imprisonment. 

  • ✔️Is it legal to ride a two-wheeler with two adults and a child?

    No. According to the traffic rules for two-wheelers, only two individuals are allowed to ride on a two-wheeler - the rider and the pillion. So, it would be illegal to ride a two-wheeler with two adults and a child, and can lead to unnecessary trouble with the traffic authorities.