Investment in bonds, in general, comes with a host of benefits, including portfolio diversification and low volatility. Moreover, you get to choose from numerous types of bonds, such as corporate, government, PSU, convertible, and the most recent addition - green bonds. 


India joined the green bond group in early 2023 when the first bond was issued for $2 billion. The funds will be directed towards projects that contribute to environmental protection, net zero objectives, conservation of resources, and more.


If you are looking to invest in the green bond market, understanding the key features, benefits, cons, and more is crucial. This enables you to make informed decisions that align with your current and future goals.


Read on to learn the green bonds' meaning, how it works, their benefits, the investment process and more.

What Are Green Bonds?

Green bonds issued in India and everywhere else are similar to the bonds that you conventionally find. You get interest on the principal (face value), invest in the bond till the end of the tenor and get the principal back after the term ends.


The key difference is that the funds raised have to be utilized towards environmental-friendly financing projects. These bonds invest in climate solutions, thereby helping contribute towards climate change mitigation. Data reveals that green bonds have raised approximately $2.5 trillion on a global basis to support sustainable and green projects. 


Various entities, such as corporations, governments, and others, can issue these bonds to raise funds for their expenses. The projects can include those that focus on renewable energy, green housing, pollution control, and other eco-friendly matters. 

Features of Green Bonds

Listed below are some of the top features of green bonds:

  • Provides funds for positive environmental impact, allowing investors to be socially responsible for being a part of the change

  • Fixed income generating debt instrument, enabling investors to earn stable returns

  • Low risk due to the low volatility of the debt market, ensuring the security of funds

  • Tax benefits on the interest earned, maximizing the returns of the investor

  • Transparency in reporting of fund management and its impact 

Types of Green Bonds

As of now, there are three types of green bonds in India, as mentioned below:

1. Sovereign Green Bonds

Issued by sovereign entities, these bonds come with tax benefits and a longer tenor. The funds from these bonds go towards the environment-focused projects and goals of the government. 

2. Hybrid Bonds

Also known as covered bonds, these have dual recourse. This means that if the issuer defaults on the payments, investors have recourse to both the covered pool and the issuer.

3. Asset-Backed Bonds

As the name suggests, the backing of these bonds comes from an asset as collateral. The assets are generally those that generate cash flow from the debt (raised funds).

Pros and Cons of Green Bonds

Along with knowing the features, green bond benefits and drawbacks are crucial aspects you need to be aware of:


Some of the advantages of green bonds include the following:

●    Be a part of a project focused on creating a positive environmental impact

●    Earn fixed income on the principal until the end of the tenor

●    Enjoy low volatility and low risk, ensuring the security of the funds


Here are the disadvantages of green bonds you need to know:

●    Longer duration as green projects generally take a long term for completion

●    Low returns compared to other debt and equity instruments

Things to Consider When Buying Green Bonds

Along with considering the features and pros and cons of green bonds, consider the following aspects before you invest:

  • Assess your investment horizon, as green bonds are generally long-term

  • Evaluate the interest payout against your needs to ensure they align

  • Check the credibility of the issuer and the project to ensure security

  • Consider the investment purpose, as these are long-term, fixed-income instruments


Now that you know green bond benefits, purpose, and other crucial information, remember to invest as per your preference and risk. Compare different options to ensure that you choose the one that’s best for you. Remember to diversify your portfolio to mitigate risk and protect your investment. 


On Bajaj Markets, you can invest in bonds or other avenues online within minutes. With an entirely digital investment process, you can invest in your preferred instrument whenever and from wherever you want.


You are being redirected to the third party web-application. However, we would want to appraise you that “Investments in debt securities are subject to market risks. Please read all the offer related documents/information carefully before investing."

FAQs on Green Bonds

How do green bonds work?

Green bonds issued in India work the same way as other bonds. The key difference here is that the funds raised should be utilized towards the purpose of leaving a positive impact on the environment.

Are green bonds tax free?

Green bonds are treated like a regular bond and have no tax benefit in India yet 

Who should invest in green bonds?

Some of the more notable green bond benefits range from portfolio diversification and tax benefits to fixed income and low risk. Green bonds also help protect the environment. So, if you are looking for these benefits from your investment, you can invest in green bonds.

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