Financial stability goes beyond savings; investments are vital for securing both present and future wealth. Investors can choose from a range of options, each with pros and cons. Two common choices are fixed deposits (FDs) and equity investments, pivotal for wealth accumulation and security.


Fixed deposits are a safe investment option, providing steady returns. On the other hand, equity investments offer higher growth potential but come with higher market risks. While both are valuable, understanding their differences and mechanisms is essential for informed decision-making.

Comparing FD vs Equity: Key Differences

To help compare FD vs equity, here’s a detailed overview outlining their differences:


Fixed Deposits (FDs)

Equity Investments

Stability of Returns

Fixed interest rates

Returns vary; subject to market volatility

Risk Exposure

Low risk; capital preservation

Moderate to high risk; potential for higher returns

Growth Potential

Conservative growth potential

Higher growth potential over the long-term

Access to Funds

Premature withdrawals are subject to penalties 

Varies across equities; ELSS funds have a 3-year lock-in period 

Investment Horizon

Short to medium-term

Long-term for optimal capital appreciation

Inflation Protection

Limited protection against inflation

Potential to outpace inflation over time

Tax Implication

Interest earnings are taxable if they exceed the threshold of ₹40,000 (₹50,000 for senior citizens) 

Capital gains are taxed as per holding period 

Security and Guarantees

FDs issued by banks are insured for up to ₹5 Lakhs by the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation

Returns are market-dependent; no guarantee 


Limited diversification; fixed-income instrument

Potential for diversification across sectors and stocks

In conclusion, when comparing fixed deposit vs equity investments, investors must consider the above factors. By understanding their differences and aligning investments with financial goals, investors can make informed decisions to secure their financial future.


If you're new to equities, FDs provide simplicity. However, experienced investors can opt for equity investments to earn higher returns by. Diversifying your investments across different asset classes and market exposures can help create a balanced portfolio to minimise risk. 


On Bajaj Markets, explore various investment instruments, from fixed deposits to tax-saving tools like equity-linked savings schemes (ELSS). 


What distinguishes fixed deposits from equity investments in terms of returns?

FDs offer fixed returns, while equity investments provide varied returns linked to market performance.

How does the risk level vary between FDs and equity?

FDs generally involve low-risk with guaranteed returns, while equity investments carry a moderate to high-risk due to market fluctuations.

Should I invest in equity or FDs?

Investing in equity requires some degree of knowledge about how equity investments work and the nuances of different sectors and asset classes. However, fixed deposits are comparatively easier to understand and invest in. Depending on your financial goals, consider diversifying your portfolio across such investments.

Is FD or equity investment more suitable for short or long-term investment horizons?

FDs are often preferred for short to medium-term goals, while equity investments are ideal for long-term wealth creation.


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