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What is GSTN

The Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) is a unique and intricate IT enterprise that establishes a channel of communication and interaction between taxpayers, the central and various state governments, and other stakeholders. This single consolidated IT platform has given shape to the main objective of Goods and Services Tax (GST), i.e., One Nation, One Tax, One Market.


For compliance and administrative purposes, the GSTN has brought together millions of taxpayers who were earlier registered on different tax platforms under a consolidated umbrella. Consequently, any business entity registered on GSTN shall be allotted a 15-digit Goods and Services Tax Identification Number (GSTIN) to replace the old Tax Identification Number (TIN) allotted by respective states under Value-added Tax (VAT) registration. 

Structure of GSTN

The uniqueness of the Goods and Services Tax Network lies in its endeavor to act as a uniform interface for the taxpayers and governments along with a shared, common technology infrastructure between the central and the state governments.

  • Structurally, 51% of GSTN’s stake is held by private entities, and the government owns the remaining 49%.

  • GSTN’s authorized share capital is Rs. 10 Crores, 49% of which is equally distributed between the Central and various state governments, with the remaining 51% distributed between private banks.

  • Further, a non-recurring grant of Rs. 315 Crores was sanctioned for its sophisticated backend development by Infosys Technologies Ltd.



Central Government


State Governments and EC








NSE Strategic Investment Co


LIC Housing Finance Ltd




Features of GSTN

Manages Gargantuan Operations: The GSTN can process a heavy volume of complex transactions, such as adjustment of inter-state GST (IGST). This is made possible through its robust and secure IT infrastructure that facilitates a swift exchange of data between the taxpayers and the GSTN. The primary purpose of GSTN is to assist taxpayers in registering, paying taxes, and claiming GST returns in order to, among other things, produce business analytics.

  • Additionally, the network is in charge of computing and paying the Integrated GST (IGST) and the Input Tax Credit (ITC). Thus, the GST network concentrates on offering comprehensive answers to complex and exhaustive taxing problems.

  • Reliable National Information Utility (NIU): The GSTN is tagged as the most reliable NIU, making it in charge of providing a secure and strong IT infrastructure that enables a verifiable information exchange. The GST Network serves as a reliable national information service (NIU). This basically means that the network is responsible for delivering dependable, strong, seamless information passing, and IT infrastructure.

  • Ownership: The ownership of GSTN is distributed between the government (49%) and private entities (51%) that comprise banks and financial institutions. However, a major share of the GSTN is owned by the Central government compared to any individual stakeholder.

  • Payment Mode: The GST Network allows payment by taxpayers through both online and offline modes:

  1. Online Mode: Internet banking facilities can be availed for online payment. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has authorized specific banks, known as the Agency banks, to collect payments made in favor of GST. The taxpayer shall make a payment by logging onto the selected agency bank’s web portal and downloading a challan of the GST transaction done. Once the choice is made, the taxpayer must log in to the online banking platform of the chosen bank to proceed with the transaction and download the GST payment challan.

  2. Offline Mode: GST payment online can be availed through the ‘over the counter option at any select agency bank. The agency bank shall further communicate the payment details to the RBI and the GSTN for its updation. To pay the GST, you can go directly to the relevant bank. The bank will also update all pertinent information by notifying the RBI and the GST portal.

  • Information Security: A major portion of the responsibility to preserve the security and confidentiality of GSTN data lies with the central government. It shall manage the board’s composition, shareholder’s agreement, resolution mechanisms, and any agreements forged between the state governments and the network. 

  • Financial Maintenance: The expenses incurred towards utility, infrastructure maintenance, and any other operations of the GSTN shall be paid in equal share by the central and state governments. Each state’s share of expenses shall be calculated in proportion to the number of taxpayers in the state.

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Functions of GST Network

The Goods and Services Network, designed to act as a communication channel between the taxpayers and the governments, processes a mammoth volume of invoices and taxpayer returns every month. The GST Network serves as essentially the front end of the IT ecosystem for taxpayers. More than 2 billion invoices are processed by GSTN each month, in addition to processing returns for more than 65 Lakh taxpayers and expanding. 

The GST network is in charge of a number of significant tasks, including the following:

  • Analysis of Taxpayer’s Profile: When a taxpayer wants to register on GSTN, all his/her details are thoroughly verified and passed on to the central and the respective state government for approval.

  • Registration: Once the Taxpayer’s profile is verified and approved, he/she is allotted a GSTIN and notifies the respective tax authorities about it. As was already established, the GST network serves as a bridge between the government and the taxpayer seeking to register for GST under the new tax regulations. Once the registration has been confirmed, GSTN issues the GST Identification Number to the appropriate taxpayer and uploads the information with the appropriate tax authorities.

  • Tallying Invoice: This is a key function performed by the GSTN to cull out any discrepancies between the purchase invoices and sales invoices and resolve them so that the Taxpayer can avail of the Input Tax Credit (ITC) benefits. In order for taxpayers to benefit from Input Tax Credit, the GST network essentially compares the purchase and sale invoice totals to look for any discrepancies and correct them.

  • Filing Returns: GSTN has a unified, hassle-free return filing method for any GST, be it State GST (SGST), IGST, or Central GST (CGST), without burdening the Taxpayer. Once filed, the GSTN processes and forwards the returns to the central government and state governments. In addition to the above basic duties, the GSTN is involved in a few more tasks such as:

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How to Apply for GSTIN

You can follow the steps below to apply for GSTIN via the GST portal:

  • Step 1: Navigate to the online portal of GST.

  • Step 2: Click on the ‘New Registration’ button.

  • Step 3: Fill in all the essential details such as name, phone number, and email address.

  • Step 4: Verify your mobile number and email by entering the OTP.

  • Step 5: Once done, you will receive an Application Reference Number (ARN)

  • Step 6: Using the ARN, log in to your application form and enter additional details.

  • Step 7: Upload the essential documents.

  • Step 8: Submit your application using Aadhaar OTP or DSC.


However, you can also apply for GSTIN offline from GST Seva Kendra if you are not much comfortable with online procedures.

Calculation and Adjustment of IGST

Collating Agency banks with tax payment data


Maintenance of Input Tax Credit Calculator


Generating and sending MIS (Management Information and System) reports to the governments


The advent of the GST Network has undoubtedly simplified the complex indirect taxation system by consolidating and replacing all indirect taxes under a single roof. GSTN’s superior IT interface has also eased the burden on business entities by providing a quick, one-stop solution to upload their invoices, file returns, and avail tax benefits.


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Taxpayer Profile Analysis

When a taxpayer applies to register for GST, all of their specific information is checked before being submitted for approval to the tax authorities of the federal and state governments. In addition to managing the basic tax filings and tax returns, GSTN also has the following additional duties related to managing taxation:

  • Calculation, followed by settlement of integrated GST (or IGST)

  • Integration of banking network to tax payment details

  • Management of Input Tax Credit computation engine 

  • Submission of the MIS reports to the government 

Latest GSTN News

The Center Brings GSTN Under PMLA and Permits Data Exchange with ED and FIU

TThe Central Government has issued a notification to announce the inclusion of the Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) under the jurisdiction of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA).


This brings GSTN into the category of those entities that are obligated to share information with the ED, Enforcement Directorate and the FIU, Financial Intelligence Unit, as per the PMLA Act.


From now on, if the financial bodies FIU and the ED find that any GST assessee is involved in suspicious forex transactions, they will share information with the GSTN. The Prevention of Money Laundering Act will now also cover GST misdemeanours, for example, forgery in invoices or input tax credits etc. These changes have been recommended under Section 66, which allows the disclosure of information.

- Jul 10, 2023

Taxpayers Can Now Find the Status of Their Refund Applications Online, Thanks to GSTN

The Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) has newly introduced a new feature which allows taxpayers to track the status of their refund application conveniently in real time. This initiative aims to provide a more transparent and efficient process for taxpayers. In order to facilitate this, various colours have been assigned to signify various different stages in the process. Grey denotes pending stage and green denotes completed stage.

- July 03, 2023

GSTN Launches a New e-Invoice Verifier App

The GSTN has recently launched a new application for e-invoicing verification for the comfort of its users. This application will help business owners to verify e-invoices and other documents easily and quickly. The application is designed to verify the invoice accurately, and the individual can use it without creating a login account.


The software is available on Google Play and can be accessible on the Apple Store soon. You can download the app and use it on your smartphone for free. The procedure for verification is also simple. After you install the app, you just have to scan the QR code on the e-invoice, and then all the required information will be visible on your screen. It is quite beneficial for business owners.

- June 12, 2023

GSTN Advisory Regarding The Due Date Extension of GST Returns of Manipur

The Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) has furnished an advisory for extension of the due date of returns of GST for the state of Manipur. The late fee that is paid by the taxpayers will be credited into the ledgers of individuals who have filed their tax returns before the 27th of May, 2023. The amount of interest, if any, shown in the next tax return can be corrected by the individuals themselves, as the field is editable in nature.

- May 29, 2023

By July 1st, GSTN Will Be Operational on the Account Aggregator Ecosystem

The Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) is going to be integrated with India’s leading financial data sharing platform, Account Aggregator (AA) before 1st July, 2023, according to officials who are overseeing the integration process. This will greatly reduce the abrasion in the credit disbursement process. This is because the integration will allow small businesses to authorise lenders to access their records of tax as well as other financial details in a single platform. The Account Aggregator system was part of the Digital Public Infrastructure that was launched a few years ago along with the Unified Payments Interface, commonly known as UPI. According to the CEO of Sahamati, BG Mahesh, AA has been linked to 75 Lakh+ bank accounts since its inception in September 2021.

- May 25, 2023


GSTIN, or Goods and Services Tax Identification Number, is a unique 15-digit number that is assigned to every taxpayer registered under GST. The first 2 digit represents the state code, and the next 10 digit is the PAN number of the business. The 13th digit reflects the number of registrations under that PAN, the 14th digit is the alphabet ‘Z’, and the last digit is a check code.

The functions of GSTN are as follows:

  • Serves as a platform between the government and a taxpayer who wants to file GST under the new laws.

  • Acts as a common platform for filing SGST, CGST, and IGST and processes and forwards the returns to the respective tax authorities. 

  • Fixes any mismatch between the purchase and the sales invoices so taxpayers can enjoy the benefits of Input Tax Credit.

GSTIN can bestow taxpayers with several remarkable benefits, such as:

  • Provides legal recognition to your business, in turn, attracting more customers.

  • Aids you in enjoying input credit on the input services and own purchases.

  • Gives you the scope to expand your business on e-commerce sites.

  • Ensures the availability of input credit on purchasing products from small businesses. 

  • Allows interstate sales of goods, increasing your reach to probable customers. 

  • Helps your business to get a good GST rating by ensuring that you strictly abide by all the rules of GST.

GSTN serves as a common platform which can process and forward the return to both state and central tax authorities. Additionally, you can file all types of GST via this platform, such as CGST, SGST and IGST. This has led to the elimination of the need to use different platforms.

The legal name or trade name of the registered person can be used to locate the GST number. You may also use your PAN to find your GST number. 


Currently, the Central Government and the State Government each retain 24.5% of the equity shares while non-governmental entities hold the remaining 51%. Through a number of procedures, GSTN is strategically controlled by the Government.


Businesses must register for the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and get a special 15-digit Goods and Services Tax Identification Number (GSTIN). Any business that has a turnover of ₹40 Lakhs is required to register for GST, according to the Goods and Services Tax Act of 2017.


Yes. The GSTN is an online portal used by the Indian government to monitor all financial transactions. All GST-related services are tracked including registration, tax filing, and maintaining all tax information.


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