What is PM Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana (PMASBY)?

On the 1st of February 2021, in the 2021-22 Budget session of the Parliament, the Pradhan Mantri/Prime Minister Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana was first announced & launched by the Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman - to provide better healthcare facilities to Indian citizens. In September 2021, this scheme was further approved by the Union Cabinet with a large lump sum budget of 64,180 crores of Rupees in the coming six years for providing health benefits to the Indian citizens across the country. With this scheme, the Government plans to improvise the health sectors across all categories in India.

 

The scheme focuses mainly on developing capacities of health systems and institutions across all levels, viz. primary, secondary and tertiary. The scheme also aims to prepare health systems to respond effectively to current and future pandemics/disasters. Investments under this scheme support research on COVID-19 and other infectious diseases. It also includes biomedical research, generating evidence in response to COVID-19 like pandemics, and developing the core capabilities to deliver the One Health Approach in preventing, detecting, & responding to infectious disease outbreaks in the future.

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Introducing PMASBY Scheme

PMASBY has been launched with the following objectives-

 

  • The main goal of the PMASBY scheme is to improve the public health facilities/infrastructure by filling the current gaps, especially in primary & essential/critical healthcare facilities, in rural and urban areas

  • To build an Information Technology (IT) -enabled supervision system for diseases by setting up a network of laboratories in urban areas at different levels- block, district, regional, and national

  • The PMASBY scheme also has plans to strengthen 33 existing public health units and operationalise 17 new public health units at entry points. Such new facilities will help the Government effectively prevent, detect, investigate and combat disease outbreaks and public health emergencies

  • Furthermore, the PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission also aims to effectively utilise the existing infrastructure of district hospitals, fix the current unevenness in the distribution of medical colleges and increase the availability of health experts

READ MORE: Government Health Insurance Schemes in India

How Can You Benefit From It?

Through the PMASBY, citizens of India throughout the country can benefit by:

  • Provision for support for health centres

The scheme aims to support almost 17,788 currently present healthcare facility centres spread across ten high focus states, benefiting the common people.

  • Setting up health centres in urban areas

The scheme aims to further set up around 11,024 healthcare facility centres in urban areas of all the states.

  • Critical care services

The Pradhan Mantri Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana aims to provide critical care services through critical care hospital blocks in all Indian districts with over 5 lakh populations. Critical care services will also be provided on referral in districts with less than 5 lakh populations.

  • Availability of Diagnostic services

A complete range of diagnostic services will be made available to Indian citizens under the public healthcare system through a network of laboratories across India.

  • Health Information Portal

This scheme will develop and extend an integrated health information portal that connects all public health laboratories across Indian states and union territories.

  • New Medical Colleges

157 new medical colleges have been approved for the country under the three phases of this scheme. Amongst these, 63 medical colleges are already functioning.

  • Training frontline health workers

Frontline health workers will also be trained to build a workforce capable of responding to any public health emergency under the PMASBY scheme.

 

READ MORE: Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana

How will it help India’s healthcare infrastructure?

Through the PMASBY, the Government aims to set up the following facilities to develop the healthcare infrastructure in India under the PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission:

 

  1. National Institution for One Health

  2. National Institutes for Virology

  3. Bio-safety Level 3 Laboratories

  4. Regional Research Platform for the Southeast Asia region of WHO

  5. Regional National Centre for Disease Control

Conclusion

PMASBY- Pradhan Mantri/PM Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana, announced on the 1st of February 2021, seeks to substantially enhance India's healthcare infrastructure. Under the public healthcare system, Indian citizens will thus, have access to better healthcare services in rural and urban areas. Moreover, the PMASBY scheme also plans to set up more medical colleges for students and healthcare experts, enabling them to be better prepared to deal with public health emergencies in the near future. Another thing that can help protect you in health emergencies is a health insurance plan. Having health insurance will ensure that your finacial well being is looked after during a medical crisis

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FAQs on PM Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana

  • ✔️Who can apply, and which documents are required for the PMASBY scheme?

    All permanent residents of India can apply for the PMASBY scheme. The documents required for the PMASBY scheme are:

    • Aadhaar Card

    • Ration Card

    • Valid mobile number

    • Bank account

    • Income proof certificate

    • Residential proof certificate

    • Passport size photograph

  • ✔️Who announced the PMASBY Scheme in India?

    The PMASBY scheme was launched by the Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman.

  • ✔️ How many Regional National Centres will be constructed?

     Five (5) Regional National Centres will be constructed.

  • ✔️How will ordinary people benefit from PMASBY?

    The primary objective of Prime Minister Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana is bringing about improvisation of the health departments throughout the country. People will get the chance of diagnosis, treatment, care, and emergency services will also be available for every ordinary Indian citizen.

  • ✔️What is the helpline number in case of any queries regarding the PM Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana?

    Applicants can dial toll-free number 1075 in case of any queries regarding the scheme.

  • ✔️Why has the authority allotted a large lump sum budget for the health sector under PMASBY? 

    The post-pandemic havoc made the government realise the need to concentrate more on the health sector, and as a result, a large lump sum budget was allocated under PMASBY. The funding has been granted to develop the health departments, making laboratories with advanced technology and medical research, which will be in addition to the National Health Mission.