Your retirement is a crucial aspect when it comes to financial planning. You are constantly seeking options to secure your retirement through various financial instruments. Being a corporate employee, you must plan your retirement wisely.
The Corporate National Pension Scheme (NPS) scheme is one of the best investment options available in India, considering its tax benefits and the potential to earn better returns. It gives you a variety of benefits along with various options in asset allocation patterns. As a long-term investment option, the better returns you earn through NPS can help you plan a stable future for yourself and your family.
Corporate NPS is an extension of the National Pension Scheme. . It is an initiative undertaken by the government to offer everyone a chance to aim for long-term financial security. With Corporate NPS, you can accumulate a corpus of funds on a long-term basis, allowing you to earn a stable income during retirement.
Investing in Corporate NPS helps you build wealth over time. Your Corporate NPS contributions also offer you tax benefits, long-term financial security and a financially stable retirement.
The following eligibility criteria must be adhered to for an individual or entity to subscribe to the Corporate NPS scheme.
You must be an Indian citizen
You should be between 18 years to 60 years of age
The type of entities that can register under or join the NPS Corporate Model for the benefit of their employees are mentioned below.
Entities registered under Co-operative Acts
Entities registered under the Companies Act
State Public Sector Enterprises
Central Public Sector Enterprises
Registered Limited Liability Partnerships
Entities incorporated under Parliament Legislature or State Legislature
Entities incorporated by order of the Central Government or State Government
Two kinds of Corporate NPS accounts are open for employees to invest in. You can find a detailed explanation for both as stated below.
The employee can invest through their employer or independently. Essentially, this creates savings for retirement and is non-withdrawable until retirement.
A Tier II account is a voluntary savings account. Those saving for retirement through this account can withdraw their savings whenever required. The withdrawal is subject to their minimum contribution and the account’s balance.
Under Section 80C and Section 80CCD of the Income Tax Act, 1961, you can be entitled to tax benefits and exemptions should you invest in Corporate NPS. Below is a breakdown of the tax benefits employees are eligible for.
Contributions to NPS:
Contributions made by the employer on behalf of the NPS subscriber is tax deductible subject to the following:
Up to 10% of the salary (Basic Salary + Dearness Allowance).
With regard to the retiral contributions made by the employer towards Superannuation Fund, Provident Fund and NPS, the total deductions for all such contributions are capped at ₹7.50 Lakh per annum.
The employee can also claim a tax deduction on an additional self-contribution of up to ₹50,000 under Section 80CCD (1B) of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
Note: The above-mentioned tax deductions under various sections of the Income Tax Act are exclusive of each other.
The returns earned on NPS are tax-free, and the lump sum withdrawn at the age of 60 is also tax-free. At the age 60, the employee can withdraw up to 60% of the corpus, but it is mandatory to buy an annuity with the remaining 40 per cent. The monthly payout that is received in the form of an annuity is taxable since this is treated as income in the year of receipt.
The investment options under Corporate NPS are essentially the fund allocation patterns of this investment scheme. You will find two types of Corporate NPS investments, active choice and auto choice, which are explained below.
Active choice allows you to distribute your funds into the four investment streams of Corporate NPS. Here, you can choose the percentage of your total funds that will be invested across the four types of investment options.
Corporate Bonds: Funds are invested in fixed-income debt securities.
Equity: You can invest up to 75% in this asset class, keeping in mind that this is a high-risk investment option.
Alternate Assets: Your funds are invested in infrastructure funds or real estate. The maximum capping of this asset class is 5% of the total funds.
The Auto Choice in fund allocations is an amazing option for those who don’t hold much experience in investing. Your funds will be invested in a predetermined asset class allocation pattern depending on your age. The following risk-appetite parameters determine the allocation patterns.
LC 75 - Aggressive Life Cycle Fund
This Life cycle fund allows you to allocate 75% of your investments into equities. The exposure to equity investments is set at 75% until the age of 35, after which the exposure will gradually decrease depending on your age.
LC 50 - Moderate Life Cycle Fund
This Life cycle fund allows you to allocate 50% of your investments into equities. The exposure to equity investments is set at 50% until the age of 35, after which the exposure will gradually decrease depending on your age.
LC 25 - Conservative Life Cycle FundThis Life cycle fund allows you to allocate 25% of your investments into equities. The exposure to equity investments is set at 25% until the age of 35, after which the exposure will gradually decrease depending on your age.
When it comes to withdrawals of Corporate NPS, there are a few rules and regulations laid down by the government. Those rules are listed as follows.
Note: Under special circumstances such as medical emergencies, marriage expenses, education of their children or construction of house, you may be allowed to withdraw up to 25% of the total funds after completion of at least 3 years.