All About Joint Life Insurance Policy

Many people buy life insurance as part of their financial planning. Ideally, life insurance is taken by the income earners of the family to ensure that the dependents are financially secure in their absence. Nowadays, modern families consist of both partners doing a full-time job. In such a situation, it becomes necessary to have life insurance covering both the parties.

Taking this into consideration, insurers now offer joint life insurance plans that provide coverage to both the partners under a single plan. Let us discuss this further in detail.

What is a Joint Life Insurance Policy?

A joint life insurance plan is an insurance policy that offers coverage to the spouse of the primary policyholder. The coverage is extended to the partner irrespective of their employment status. Some of the highlighting features of a joint life insurance plan are as follows –

  • Many joint life insurance plans available in the market offer coverage of up to 50 per cent of the sum assured amount for the policyholder’s spouse.

  • The policy is active even after the death of either of the spouses. In that case, the sum assured is given to the surviving partner as per the policy norms.

  • If both happen to die in an unfortunate event, the sum assured is given to the beneficiaries of the policy or the legal heir.

  • In case the spouse is unemployed, the combined sum assured amount for joint life insurance cannot exceed the maximum sum assured amount applicable to the primary insured.

  • A few joint life insurance plans offer waiver of premium benefits in case of the death of the primary insured.

  • Some joint life insurance plans offer fixed monthly payments to the spouse in case of the death of the primary insured.

How Does Joint Life Insurance Policy Work?

Ideally, joint life insurance plans are offered to provide coverage to the non-earning spouse. In case both the partners are doinga full-time job, it is advisable to have two separate term insurance plans covering each individual.

When it comes to a joint life insurance plan, the benefit is provided to the surviving partner to help take care of the family. Know that you will have to pay additional premiums to get coverage for your spouse under the same plan. To understand the working of a joint life insurance plan, consider the following example.

Let us assume that Mr. and Mrs. Sharma bought a joint life insurance plan. Mr. Sharma is the sole earner in the family and has opted for a sum assured of INR 50 lakh. In this case, Mrs. Sharma is eligible for a sum assured of INR 25 lakh. Now, if Mr. Sharma dies during the policy tenure, Mrs. Sharma is eligible to receive INR 50 lakh from the insurer. However, if Mrs. Sharma dies during the term, Mr. Sharma will receive INR 25 lakh from the insurer.

When it comes to single payout plans, the policy will be terminated after receiving the death benefits for either of the spouses for whom the policy is bought. If both happen to die at the same time, the beneficiaries of the plan will receive the said benefits.

Difference Between Joint Life Insurance and Separate Life Covers

Consider the following table to understand the difference between joint life insurance and separate life covers.

Joint Life Insurance Plans

Separate Life Insurance Plans

The policy offers life cover to a couple (two people).

The policy offers life cover to individual people.

Same terms and conditions are applicable to both the partners.

Individuals can choose policies based on their personal requirements.

In case of the death of either of the spouses, the surviving partner receives the death benefits.

The beneficiaries of the policies will receive the death benefits upon the death of the insured.

If both happen to die at the same time, the beneficiaries of the plan will receive the death benefits.

If both happen to die, the beneficiaries will receive the death benefits from each individual policy.

In the event of separation or divorce of the couple, the policy will be affected as there are no provisions stating how the premiums and benefits will be split between the two parties.

In the event of separation or divorce of the couple, the policy is not affected as both parties hold individual life insurance plans under their respective names.

Not many insurers provide add-on covers along with a primary joint life insurance plan.

You can choose a rider as per your requirements and affordability.

What are the Benefits of Joint Life Insurance Plans?

The following are the advantages of joint life insurance plans.

  • Since joint life insurance involves paperwork for only one plan, both the parties can manage the policy conveniently.

  • With joint life insurance, you have to pay only a single premium. This means it requires only a single payment to cover both the spouses.

  • The premiums for joint life insurance are lower compared to individual life insurance plans. In fact, joint life insurance is a lucrative option for couples who are on a tight monthly budget with limited resources to invest.

To Sum It Up!

Each life insurance option has its own set of benefits. The joint life insurance plans are an attractive deal as it provides life cover to the non-earning partner. However, the benefits offered under the policy differ from insurer to insurer. Compare different aspects of various joint life insurance plans in the market, and then choose a plan that best suits your needs. 

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