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A learner’s licence is issued which comes with a limited validity before a permanent driver’s licence is issued.According to the Motor Vehicle Act of 1988, an Indian citizen must have a driver’s licence to drive around on Indian roads. Obtaining a learner’s licence is one of the most crucial steps in getting a driver’s licence in India. A learner’s licence indicates that you don't have any prior driving knowledge and are now applying for a new driving licence. There are two different types of learner’s licence; a personal and a commercial one and both of them are issued by the Regional Transport Office (RTO) of the respective state.

Types of Learner's Licence:

The Learner's Licence in India is given based on the type of motor vehicle. The eligibility criteria vary depending on the type of vehicle. The following table summarises the different types of Learner's Licence:

Use Category

Licence Class/Type

Vehicle Type


MC 50CC x

Motorcycles that have an engine capacity of up to 50 cc.



Issued for motorcycles of different engine capacities that lack gears (like mopeds and scooters).



Light Motor Vehicles that are employed for non-transport functions.



Issued for motorcycles with an engine capacity of 50 cc and beyond, motorcycles have gear and other Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars.




Issued for all motorcycles (includes the motorcycles with gears).



Issued for motor vehicles transporting heavy goods.



Light Motor vehicles that are employed for commercial functions.



Trucks & cars with all India driving permits, open licence or Heavy Passenger Motor Vehicle.



Issued for Medium Goods Vehicle

How to Apply for a Learning Licence Online?

The RTO website of every state has a dedicated window to apply for Learner's Licence through online mode. The steps for filing the application form might vary depending on the website, but the general procedure remains the same. You need to follow the following steps to apply online:


Step 1: Visit your state transport department's website or the respective RTO website. You need to check for an online Learner's Licence application facility on the website.


Step 2: Once you get the application window on the website, start by going through the instructions carefully.


Step 3: The next step would be to fill in all the basic details (like father's name, complete address, postal code, Aadhaar card/ID card number and your locality).


Step 4: Further, you would be asked to upload the documents like address proof and age proof, followed by paying the application fees to complete the application.


Furthermore, some states have the provision to download the application filled online, which you need to submit in the RTO along with the required documents before attempting the test. You need to be present at the Learner's Licence test centre/RTO to take the test on the allotted/selected slot.

How to Apply for a Learning Licence Offline?

If you are not comfortable applying online, you can choose the offline mode of application. The following steps highlight the method to apply offline for a Learning Licence:


Step 1: Firstly, you need to obtain Form 2 /Form 3, the prescribed form to apply for Learner's Licence. These forms can be easily downloaded online or obtained from the RTO.


Step 2: Next, you have to fill in all the required details in the application and attach photographs and other required documents. Then you can submit the application form at the RTO along with the application fees.


Step 3: After the form submission is completed and there are no issues with the form, the authorized officer gives you the date for the online test.


Step 4: You need to be present as per the allotted slot for the test. Once you pass the test and all the due process is completed, the Learning Licence is issued, or it will be sent to your registered address.

Documents required for Learner Licence

If you are planning to apply for a Learner's Licence, you must submit the following documents at the RTO along with the application. When applying online, you must keep a scanned copy of these documents handy for uploading.


  • Address Proof (any one document from the given list)

  • Age Proof (any one document from the given list)


    • PAN card

    • Birth Certificate

    • Transfer certificate (any school /any class with states the date of birth)

    • 10th Class mark sheet

    • Passport

  • Suppose you are applying from a different city other than your home district. In that case, you need to submit the rental agreement and a copy of the latest utility bill (like electricity bill/gas bill), which acts as your current address proof

  • Passport size photographs (6 copies)

  • Medical Certificate: Referred as Form 1A and 1, which needs to be signed by a certified Government doctor/Medical practitioner (if applicable).

  • Duly filled application form

Eligibility Criteria for Learner's Licence

The eligibility criteria vary along with the type/class of the motor vehicle and the type of Learner's Licence applied for. You need to satisfy the following eligibility criteria:


  • Your age should be 16+ to apply for a two-wheeler licence and 18+ for a four-wheeler Learning Licence.

  • You should be 20 years of age to apply for a transport vehicle Learning Licence. Further, you should have studied till class 8 and should have the experience of driving a light vehicle for a minimum period of one year.

  • Once you obtain a Learner's Licence, you can then apply for a Permanent Driving Licence 30 days after the issue of the Learning Licence.

Booking a Test Slot for Learner's Licence Online:

In some states, the state RTOs offer some additional features with the online application, like selecting the test slot for the Learner's Licence online test. In that case, you need to make a payment for the Learner's Licence application and the online test. After completing the application, you will get a mail stating the test slot and other details you need to present at the test venue. In states where the test slots are not provided with the online application or through email, you need to visit the RTO office and inquire about the slot for the online test.


Once you have a Learner's Licence, you can practise on roads by taking the help of the person holding a Permanent Driving Licence or through the guidance of a training school. This will help you get familiarised with traffic and road safety rules which will surely help you when you drive your vehicle. You should have a valid vehicle insurance policy to enhance your road safety cover. You can choose from the different insurance policies of the Bajaj Markets, which play the role of comprehensive coverage.

Frequently Asked Questions On Learning Licence

What is the validity period of a learner's licence in India?

A learner's licence is valid for six months from the issue date in India.

My Learner's Licence is issued from Mumbai. Will it be valid in Delhi?

Yes, both Learner's License and Permanent Licence are valid all over India.

Do I need to drive a motor vehicle to obtain a Learner's Licence?

No, to get your learning licence, you need not drive a motor vehicle. However, you have to pass an online test that checks your proficiency with traffic signs and road rules.

Can I give the test online?

Yes, you can take the learner’s licence test online.

After how many days, can I apply for a permanent licence after getting the learner’s licence?

Once you are issued the Learner's Licence, you can then apply for a Permanent Driving Licence 30 days after the issue of the Learning Licence.

Is the penalty point system also applicable for learner’s licence holders?

Yes. Individuals holding a learner's licence who are caught breaking traffic laws can also receive penalty points.

Why do people put 'L' in the car?

The ‘L’ symbol indicates the one who is driving the car has a learner’s licence. It acts as a sign to other drivers that the individual is in the process of learning.

What is the fee for a Learner’s licence?

The fee for a learner’s licence is Rs. 151.

How long can you use your learner’s licence?

A learning driving licence is valid for six months from the date of its issuance. If the applicant does not appear for their permanent driving licence test before the learning licence expires, they have to apply for a new learning licence altogether.

Can I use my learner’s driving licence for more than 6 months?

No, once the validity of your driver’s licence expires, the permit is void. 

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