Fixed deposits are an ideal investment tool for risk-averse investors and come in different forms, like cumulative FDs or non-cumulative FDs. Not only that, they offer you the choice of applying individually or jointly.
A joint fixed deposit is a type of fixed deposit that allows up to three people to open it together. While the rules and terms of individual FD are simple and common, there are a few joint fixed deposit rules that you should know.
Read on to learn more about the joint fixed deposit rules to make the most of your investment.
Being aware of the joint account FD rules ensures that you make decisions that benefit your financial health. These include:
Like other accounts, the joint FD account also has a minimum deposit rule that you need to meet to open the account. The minimum amount varies with each issuer. You can check this under the issuer joint account rules section or by contacting the issuer.
The joint FD withdrawal rules depend on the type of the account, which includes the ‘Either or Survivor’ or the ‘Former or Survivor’ account.
Both the account holders can operate and withdraw from the former type of joint fixed deposit. On the other hand, the secondary holder can withdraw from the latter in case of the demise of the first holder.
If your FD operates under the ‘Either or Survivor’ FD rules, one does not require the signatures of both depositors for redemption at maturity. In the event of the demise of the first holder, the surviving holder can continue the investment.
Once the deposit matures, they will receive the final balance with the interest accrued. Upon the survivor’s demise, the mentioned nominees gain access to the funds.
In the ‘Former or Survivor’ FD account, the secondary account holder can only access funds on the demise of the primary holder. However, to access the account, they will need to submit the death certificate of the primary account holder and fulfill other formalities.
In the event of the demise of the survivor before maturity, only the former can solely operate the account. On the demise of the former, in this case, legal representatives of the former can access the funds for withdrawal on maturity.
All account holders can access the maturity amount or make a premature withdrawal. It is possible even if the members are located in different cities.
Having a joint fixed deposit makes it easier for you to keep tabs on your finances and your family members.
All account holders have access to the information regarding their investment amount and the expected returns.
You cannot avail a loan against your joint FD if it is with a minor.
Say one account holder commits a crime that leads to the seizure of their accounts. The authorities may limit the other account holder’s access to funds in the seized joint fixed deposit.
Premature withdrawal of an FD is when you withdraw your funds before the completion of your tenor, and the rules for this are different. The joint FD withdrawal rules state that one needs the signatures of all the depositors to carry out a premature withdrawal.
However, the rules require the signature of the heir of the deceased along with the signature of the surviving account holder. The account holders can modify these terms when they open the joint fixed deposit.
The income tax benefits on joint fixed deposits apply only to primary account holders and not the secondary account holders. Additionally, for TDS, the banks will ask for the PAN information of the primary account holder.
Transferring joint fixed deposits from one branch to another becomes a necessity if there is a change in address.
All you have to do is contact the manager of the previous branch for approval for transfer. Once the manager approves your request and completes the required procedures, the bank will transfer your joint FD to the new branch.
Securing the best FD interest rates is crucial in ensuring that you get the best returns. With attractive FD offers for sole and joint account holders from leading issuers, you can do just that and enjoy high FD rates, too.
Start your investment journey on Bajaj Markets. With simple processes, you can get some of the best FD interest rates from leading issuers.
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As per RBI guidelines, all the joint FD account holders need to provide a withdrawal mandate to the bank. In terms of taxation, the primary holder can claim tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act of 1961.
A joint fixed deposit allows up to three depositors to invest in this account. The primary account holders receive the interest income as well as tax liability.
The investments made to a joint fixed deposit belong to all the account holders. Hence, all account holders can withdraw the money from the FD at will, depending on the respective operating instructions.
Yes, depending on the operating procedure agreed upon, all account holders can operate the joint fixed deposits.
The tax liability for a joint fixed deposit account falls on the primary account holder.