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17 Mar 2021
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 What is Viral Fever?

Viral fever is caused by a viral infection arising due to the transmission of tiny germs from one individual to another. Once you contract a viral condition, the immune system of your body starts fighting the infection. This raises the body temperature from the normal range of around 98.6°F to anything up to 103°F. Any increase in the normal body temperature above 1°F is called a fever.

While low-grade fever is caused by ordinary viral infections, like the common cold and flu, a high-grade fever of up to 103°F can be caused by certain critical viruses such as the Dengue Virus. As opposed to bacterial infections, viral infections can’t be treated using antibiotics. These infections run their course, ranging from several days to a week or even longer, and doctors can prescribe medicines for the fever to manage the symptoms. Here’s everything to know about viral fever. 

Viral Fever

What Causes a Viral Fever?

Viral fever results from getting infected by a host of viral infections such as parainfluenza virus infection, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), norovirus and rotavirus infection of the gastrointestinal tract, measles, smallpox, chickenpox and chikungunya viral infection and hepatical (inflammation of the liver) viral infections, like Hepatitis A, B, etc. These viruses are spread by ticks, mosquitoes and by coming in contact with an infected person’s body fluids.

1. Viral Fever Causes in Babies

Babies and children face a higher risk of viral infections as their immunity is low. They are especially susceptible to infections such as common cold, bronchiolitis, tonsillitis, mumps, chickenpox, influenza and ear infections.

2. Causes of Viral Fever in Men

According to medical research, the intensity and prevalence of viral infections are generally higher in males. However, viral infections in men can be treated by antiviral medications, with lesser risks of adverse reactions. Common infections in men include those of the respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, nervous system, reproductive system, etc.

3. Viral Fever Causes in Women

As per research, as compared to males, women show a comparatively better and more robust immune response to viral infections. But when it comes to antiviral drugs and vaccines, women can face adverse reactions because of their higher immune (antibody) response. A stronger immune response also makes women susceptible to autoimmune diseases such as thyroid, rheumatoid arthritis etc. The common viral infections in women are the same as those among men.

4. Viral Fever Causes in the Elderly

People with advanced age are more prone to viral infections because of comparatively weaker immune systems. 

 What are Viral Fever’s Symptoms?

The foremost symptom of a viral infection is fever. The body’s increase in temperature allows your body to destroy the protein in the germs and thus prevent them from multiplying. Additionally, one might even experience several other viral fever symptoms like:

●        Chills.

●        Sweating.

●        Dehydration.

●        Headache.

●        Muscle ache.

●        Body pain.

●        Pain in joints.

●        Loss of appetite.

●        General weakness.

●        Painful tonsil.

 

●        Nasal and chest congestion.

●        Cough and runny nose.

●        Sore throat.

●        Skin rashes.

●        Diarrhoea.

●        Nausea.

●        Vomiting.

●        Dizziness.

●        Burning sensation in the eyes.

●        Inflammation of the pharynx.

 


How to Know If You Have Been Diagnosed With Viral Fever?

To diagnose viral fever, your doctor will consider the viral fever symptoms along with your medical history. Then a suitable medical test will be conducted to rule out the possibility of a bacterial infection. For instance, to diagnose whether you are suffering from influenza, the doctor can ask for a rapid influenza diagnostic test. Swabs of the throat, blood samples and other bodily fluids can be tested for viral infections.

What is Viral Fever’s Treatment?

There can be two possible scenarios- simple viral infection and complicated infection. Here’s a look at the treatment for both:

  • Viral fever treatment for simple infections

As there are no antibiotics for viral infections, your doctor can prescribe medicines for reducing the fever. Viral fever medicine names are Acetaminophen, Ibuprofen, Aspirin, Naproxen, etc. However, antibiotics for viral fever can also be prescribed to prevent the possibility of secondary infection, depending upon your medical history and existing condition.

  • Viral fever treatment for complicated infections

Severe cases of infections can result in a wide slew of complicated viral fever symptoms such as delirium, seizure, coma, blood infection (sepsis), multi-organ failure, respiratory fever, and so on. Complicated viral infections can result in continuous fever, more than 103°F. This is a medical emergency, requiring immediate hospitalisation in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Post hospitalisation, doctors prescribe antiviral therapy and supportive care.

How to Get Rid of Viral Fever at Home?

Most of us often take the help of antiviral medications and antibiotics for fever and cold. However, there are also some viral fever home remedies that can come to your rescue. Let’s take a look at some Indian home remedies for viral fever:

Consume honey and lime juice

A serving of lime and honey put together can be a great way to stay away from viral infections like flu. Honey provides energy while lime keeps the toxicity away, helping you stay away from viral fever.

Consume tulsi leaves

Tulsi is widely used as a home remedy for viral fever. The antioxidant and antibiotic properties make tulsi very effective.

You can also use herbal remedies for viral fever treatment. These include:

Moringa

You can use moringa powder or capsules as a natural supplement to reduce fever. Moringa leaves have a range of nutritional and medicinal benefits. As compared to drugs, this home remedy is also gentler on your body.

Kudzu root

This home remedy can help you reduce inflammation and body pain. You can use this natural supplement as a powder, capsule or liquid extract.

When Should I See a Doctor for Getting Viral Fever Cured?

While you take all the necessary precautions and consider viral fever home remedies too, viral infections can still be your guest, especially during bad weather. You may tackle fever on your own, but a high fever can pose some health risks, which is why visiting a doctor is vital.

When Should Adults Visit a Doctor for Viral Fever?

  • When it comes to adults, a fever of 103°F (39°C) or higher which may not be responding to medication or lasts over three days needs medical attention.

  • Moreover, if your fever is accompanied by severe headache, trouble breathing, rash, stiff neck, abdominal pain, sensitivity to bright light, frequent vomiting, and seizures, it is crucial to visit a doctor.

When Should Children Visit a Doctor for Viral Fever?

With children, things are a lot more sensitive. A high fever can be more dangerous for a young child than an adult. Here’s when to call your child’s doctor:

  • Age 0 to 3 months: Rectal temperature is 100.4°F (38°C) or higher.

  • Age 3 to 6 months: Rectal temperature is above 102°F (39°C) accompanied by irritation or excess sleep.

  • Age 6 to 24 months: Rectal temperature is above 102°F (39°C) that lasts longer than a day. In case there are other symptoms like a rash, cough, or diarrhoea, you may want to go for an immediate medical check-up.

  • Age 2 and/or older: Visit a doctor if the fever repeatedly rises above 104°F (40°C).

  • Apart from the above factors, it is recommended that you seek medical advice if your child has a fever that is accompanied by:

  1. Unusually lethargic and irritable behaviour or has other severe symptoms

  2. Fever that lasts longer than three days.

  3. No fix upon medication.

  4. Unable to keep fluids down.

Complications Arising Due to Viral Fever

Viral fever is generally cured in a week or 10 days. However, severe cases of it may lead to some complications. According to reports, these complications are:

  • Respiratory fever

  • Multi-organ failure

  • Malfunctioning of nervous system

  • Coma

  • Seizure

  • Failure of kidney

  • Dehydration

  • Delirium and hallucinations

  • Shock

  • Failure of liver

  • Infection of blood

How to Prevent Yourself from Getting Viral Fever?

The most important preventive measure to keep viral fever at bay is being hygienic. As an infected individual can spread a viral infection, it is important to follow standard hygiene practices. Some of these common and easy practices include frequent washing of hands, use of masks and disinfecting surfaces, using hand sanitisers, practising social distancing from an infected person, among others. While prevention is better than cure, it’s always better to stay safe. Protect yourself in case of any unplanned medical emergencies by opting for a good health insurance plan available at Finserv MARKETS.

Conclusion

Typically, mild fever is not something to worry about, but do remember to visit your doctor if you face complications such as continuous high fever and other associated symptoms. Along with taking care of your health, make sure to remain prepared for any major unforeseen medical emergency by buying a suitable health insurance policy. So, end your search and head over to Finserv MARKETS to pick a good health insurance from a wide range of options available.

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FAQs on Viral Fever

  • ✔️How many days does a viral fever last?

    A viral fever generally lasts for around a week, with some symptoms taking another couple of days to resolve.

  • ✔️What are the viral fever symptoms?

    The most common among the viral fever symptoms is a fever higher than average body temperature. Some other viral fever symptoms include runny nose, coughing, nausea, fatigue, body aches, etc.

  • ✔️What is the reason for viral fever?

    Viral fever results from getting infected by a host of viral infections and by coming in contact with an infected person’s body fluids.

  • ✔️Can viral infection be treated using antibiotics?

    No, unlike bacterial infections, a viral infection cannot be treated using antibiotics.

  • ✔️Can honey and lime juice be used as a home remedy to cure viral fever?

    Yes, a serving of honey and lime juice consumed together can help keep viral infections at bay. Honey gives energy while lime keeps the toxicity away.