Salaried individuals are generally required to fill out the ITR-1 SAHAJ form when filing their income tax returns. However, if you do not meet certain criteria, you need to fill out the ITR-2 form when filing your return for a particular assessment year. 


In case your income constitutes capital gains and rent from more than one house property, you will be required to file ITR-2. In addition, Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) are also required to carry out ITR-2 filing.  


As it requires you to provide more comprehensive details about your income, the ITR-2 form is considered more complex than ITR-1. Read on to learn what ITR-2 is and how you can file it online. 

ITR-2 Form and its Particulars

Before you know how to file ITR-2 online, you must be aware of what ITR-2 means and what its applicability is. The Income Tax Department has segregated taxpayers depending on their total income as well as the source from where income is generated.


Depending on these factors, you have to choose the right income tax form. 

For instance, individual taxpayers as well as Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) need to file the ITR-2 form. However, they must not be involved in any business or profession. 


Here is what the ITR-2 for salaried employees contains:

  • Part A: Named ‘General’, this part requires you to add personal, bank and tax regime details

  • Part B: This has two sub-parts where you need to calculate your total income and tax liabilities after accounting for applicable deductions

  • Schedule Salary: Information on income from salary or pension 

  • Schedule Capital Gains: Income from capital gains for all the assets you own in the short- and long-term

  • Schedule House Property: Income from house property, whether occupied or rented out

  • Schedule Other Sources: Income from other sources, such as horse racing 

  • Schedule SI: Details of income chargeable as per special rates 

  • Schedule EI: Details of exempt income that does not attract tax 

  • Schedule SPI: Statement of inclusion of income of your spouse or children to your individual income

  • Schedule PTI: Income from business trusts and investment as per Sections 115UA and 115UB

  • Schedule FSI: Income earned in any foreign country

  • Schedule DI: Income from any deposits or investment that is liable for deductions 

  • Schedule FA: Income generated from holding any asset outside India

  • Schedule 5A: Information on the division of one’s income between spouses

  • Schedule BFLA: Income after adjusting losses from the previous year

  • Schedule CYLA: Income after adjusting losses from the ongoing year

  • Schedule CFL: Statement of losses to be adjusted to the next financial year

  • Schedule AL: Information on your assets and liabilities if your income exceeds ₹50 Lakhs

  • Schedule VI-A: Statement of deductions from your total income 

  • Schedule 80G: Statement of any donation made to a trust or organisation available for deductions under Section 80G of the IT Act

  • Schedule AMT: Calculation of your alternate minimum taxation (AMT) under Section 115J of the I-T Act 

  • Schedule 80GGA: Statement of donation made for the development of the rural sector or science-related research 

  • Schedule AMTC: Calculation of your annual minimum tax credit (AMTC) under Section 115JD  

  • Schedule TR: Information on taxes paid in foreign countries

Read More

ITR-2: Who Can File?

Now that you have understood this form’s function and components, check your ITR-2 applicability before filing your returns. ITR2 filling is mandatory if you fulfil these eligibility criteria:

  • If you have earned income from salary/pension, house property, capital gains, other sources, etc.

  • If you have earned income from foreign assets

  • Income from agriculture exceeding ₹5,000

  • If you are a director of a company or you have invested in unlisted equity shares

  • If your total income from the above sources exceeds ₹50 Lakhs

Changes in ITR-2 for the Financial Year 2022-23

Here is a brief overview of changes introduced in ITR-2 for the period 2022-23.

  • The term ‘accounting period’ has been changed to ‘calendar year ending as on 31st December 2021’ under the Schedule FA

  • Under the Schedule CG, the indexed and acquisition cost need to be disclosed separately

  • Year-wise improvement cost details of building or land to be mentioned under the CG Schedule

  • Interest accrued on PF need to be reported under the Schedule OS

  • A separate disclosure of dividend income is essential per the new amendment

  • Taxpayer to select appropriate descriptions pertaining to different clauses for determining residential status

  • Insertion of new ‘Schedule Tax Deferred on ESOP’

How to File ITR-2 Online

If you are wondering how to file ITR-2, you can do so using both online and offline modes. However, note that only resident individuals over 80 years of age can complete their ITR-2 filling offline. 


Here is how to file ITR-2 online:

  • Open the e-filing portal of the Income Tax Department

  • Log in to your account using your credentials and enter the captcha code 

  • Select the ‘e-File’ option from the menu

  • Navigate to the ‘Income Tax Return’ tab

  • You will be directed to a new page where your PAN details will be auto filled

  • Go through these details to make sure they are accurate

  • Select the assessment year as well as ITR-2 as applicable form

  • Choose ‘Original/Revised Return’ as your preference in the ‘Filing Type’ tab

  • Hit the ‘Continue’ button to begin your ITR-2 filing

  • Fill in all the mandatory and applicable fields of your ITR form

  • Under the ‘Taxes Paid and Verification’ tab, choose the right verification option

  • Click on the ‘Preview and Submit’ button to check the details you have entered in your ITR-2 form

  • Hit the ‘Submit’ button to complete your ITR-2 filing


In conclusion, the ITR-2 form is applicable to resident taxpayers and HUFs not earning any income from any business or profession. You can file the ITR-2 form online on the e-filing portal of the Income Tax Department.

FAQs on How to File ITR-2 Form Online

What constitutes income from capital gains?

As per the Income Tax Act of 1961, any income that you generate by selling capital assets in an assessment year is considered as capital gains.

Do I need to file an ITR-2 form if I own two houses that are not rented?

Yes, as per the IT Act, if you own two houses, only one of them is considered self-occupied. The other property is deemed to be let out, and income from the second house property is taxed as per the applicable tax rates.

Where can I download the ITR-2 form?

You can download ITR-2 from the Income Tax Department website. Navigate to their ‘Forms/Downloads’ section and click on the ‘Income Tax Return’ option. Choose ITR-2 form to download it.

Who is ITR-2 applicable for?

The ITR-2 form is applicable to resident individuals and HUFs who do not earn their income from a business or profession.

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