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What are Skin Infections?

Skin infection can be caused when it is exposed to germs around us as well as bacteria, fungus, viruses or parasites. Some common signs to check for skin infections are rash or redness of the skin, pain, itching, etc. Thus, it is crucial to seek medical attention to avoid the spread of the skin infection and get it treated in time. While skin infections are treatable and can also be easily prevented by taking the right precautions, it is advisable to follow a doctor’s treatment. Continue reading to know about the detailed steps to avoid skin infection.

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What are Skin Infections?

Skin is one of the largest organs of your body with the primary function of protecting you against infections. However, due to unhygienic surroundings and unsanitary conditions, there are chances of your skin getting infected. Furthermore, the exposure of open wounds to several germs in the environment can lead to severe cases of skin infections as well.

If it is a mild skin infection, it can be treated with over-the-counter medicines and some home remedies. However, severe conditions of skin infection would require medical attention which can be easily covered with the help of health insurance.

Causes of Skin Infections That You Should Look Out for!

There can be various causes of skin infections based on their type, so here are a few:


  • Bacterial Skin Infection:

You may develop a bacterial skin infection in case of an open cut or a scratch that is exposed to bacteria. However, this does not mean you will definitely get a bacterial skin infection if you have a cut. The probability shall be higher in case of a weaker immune system or other such aspects.


  • Fungal Skin Infection:

As fungi thrive in moist and warm environments, the chances of developing fungal infections may depend on your lifestyle choices as well as your body.


  • Viral Skin Infections:

The likelihood of getting a viral skin infection is by getting exposed to certain viruses. Some common viruses are human papillomavirus, herpes virus, poxvirus, etc.


  • Parasitic Skin Infection:

The cause of parasitic skin infections can be small insects or bugs that might attach to the inner layer of your skin and lay eggs.

Symptoms of Skin Infections to Note Down

Similar to the causes, there are numerous skin infection symptoms based on the type of infection that you may have. Some common signs to check for are rash or redness of the skin, pain, itching, etc. Thus, it is crucial to seek medical attention to avoid the spread of the skin infection and get it treated in time. You can watch out for these symptoms to know if you have a skin infection:


  • Redness around an injury on your skin

  • Blister-like sores

  • Fluid or pus leaking from a cut on the skin

  • Pain or swelling that worsens day by day

  • A yellowish crust on the skin

  • Discoloured, tender or painful area on your skin

  • A wound that isn’t healing after a week

  • Dark and raised areas of skin

Types of Skin Infection

There are four different types of skin infection that you may develop, such as:


  • Bacterial Skin Infection

Many bacterial skin infections are caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus. You might develop red bumps that keep increasing in size with time or other symptoms depending on your age, type of bacteria or the location of infection. Some common bacterial skin infections are cellulitis, bacterial folliculitis, impetigo, etc.


  • Fungal Skin Infection

Fungi grow in moist and warm areas and such skin infections develop in damp regions that don’t get much airflow such as folds of skin, feet, etc. Any direct contact with fungi on animals, plants or certain items can lead to the development of infection. Some examples are ringworm, jock itch or athlete’s foot.

  • Viral Skin Infection

The cause of such an infection is a virus, where it might be an actual infection of your skin or a reaction to the virus that’s inside your body. Common examples of this are measles, warts, chickenpox, cold sores or shingles.

  • Parasitic Skin Infection

A parasitic skin infection resulting from a parasite can spread from the skin to the organs and the bloodstream. Different types of parasitic skin infections include bedbugs, lice or scabies.

Diagnosis of Skin Infection

A doctor shall carry out a medical test to diagnose the skin infection and ask about your symptoms. Many a time, the doctor might be able to determine the type of skin infection based on its location and appearance. Usually, lab tests such as a skin culture, blood test, skin sample, etc. might help with pinpointing and diagnosing the infection.


If you notice any of the mentioned symptoms, it is best to consult a physician or a dermatologist. The doctor will determine the skin infection treatment to heal the affected region. 


Skin Infection

Treatment of Skin Infections to Help Get Better!

The skin infection treatment can vary based on the severity where some types of infection may improve on their own in a few weeks or days. However, it is not recommended to wait for a long time and it’s always better to seek medical attention to treat the infection.


  • For bacterial skin infection, you might be prescribed topical antibiotics that you can apply directly on the skin or some oral antibiotics. An intravenous antibiotic might be required in case the bacterial strain is resistant to the medication.

  • The treatment for fungal skin infections includes over-the-counter anti-fungal sprays or creams that can help treat the affected area. But if the condition doesn’t improve, you must visit the doctor for an antibiotic prescription.

  • Parasitic skin infections might require some medicated creams to treat the affected region on the skin. As a home remedy, you can also apply cold compresses to reduce inflammation and itching.

  • In case of viral skin infection, seeking medical attention is crucial to get the right treatment. You could be prescribed some antiviral therapy if the infection is serious.

Tips to Help Prevent Skin Infections

  • Have Good Hygiene:

Frequent hand washing, wearing dry clothes, changing from your gym clothes as soon as possible are a few steps you can follow to prevent skin infections.

  • Avoid Touching Unclean Surfaces:

In case you do touch contaminated places, make sure you wash your hands properly. If you get a skin infection that is causing you discomfort, it is safer to get a doctor’s appointment.

  • Wash Cuts Thoroughly:

If you are hurt causing cuts or an open wound, cleaning with water and soap can go a long way in steering clear of infections

  • Consult Your Doctor:

For patients with diabetes, consulting your doctor to keep away from such infections is important.

  • Take Care of Wounds:

Discussing the correct precautions with your doctor for major wounds especially with stitches can help stay clear of skin infections.

Summing Up

Skin infections are treatable and can also be easily prevented by taking the right precautions. But if you were to develop a skin infection, it is imperative to follow a doctor’s advice and treat them. While it is easy to spot a skin infection, we can’t assume its severity.

To prevent further complications, it is ideal to consult a medical professional immediately. Some skin infections might require a few months of treatment. In such cases, you can contact your health insurance provider and enquire if such infections are covered under your policy. This way, if you have multiple checkups lined up, you can set aside any financial worries and prioritise your health.

Health Insurance Plans Available at Bajaj Markets

FAQs on Skin Infections

  • ✔️What are the two serious signs of skin infection?

    The skin infection symptoms may vary depending on its type but some common signs to check are redness, swelling, rash, pus-filled area, etc.

  • ✔️Will a skin infection heal itself?

    Although some skin infections may go away on their own, it’s recommended to consult a medical professional to avoid any complications.

  • ✔️What are the symptoms of bacterial skin infection?

    Some bacterial skin infection symptoms include swelling of the skin, discolouration, red bumps with pus-filled pimples, etc.

  • ✔️Can I opt for health insurance online?

    Yes. You can buy health insurance online on Bajaj Markets or use our insurance app for ease and convenience!

  • ✔️What are the steps to purchase health insurance online?

    Here’s how you can purchase health insurance online:

    • Go to the ‘Health Insurance’ section on Bajaj Markets

    • Select the type of health insurance

    • Fill in the application form with the necessary details in the health insurance calculator

    • Review the policy terms and opt for add-on covers

    • Pay the premium online

    • Your health insurance policy document will be issued soon!