The HPV vaccine is a vaccine used to protect individuals against the human papillomavirus. The majority of cervical cancers are caused by the human papillomavirus and this virus can also lead to other types of cancers and genital warts. The HPV vaccine is given in a series of 3 shots where the second shot is given 2 months after the first shot. This second shot is followed by a third shot that is administered 4 months after the second shot. However, for individuals aged between 9 and 14, only 2 shots are given, with the second shot administered 6 months after the first shot. In this article, we’ll take a detailed look at HPV vaccine information and administration procedure.
The cost of the HPV vaccine in India depends on the manufacturing company producing it. While Cervarix costs ₹3,299 per dose, Gardasil costs ₹2,800 per dose. Irrespective of the HPV vaccine price in India, health experts suggest that it is best to get the vaccine at the earliest to protect yourself from a type of cancer that could potentially develop from HPV infections. There are over 5,10,000 new cases and 2,88,000 deaths due to cervical cancer globally every year, so it is a good idea to take preventative action by getting the vaccine.
The HPV vaccine is primarily given to stay protected from developing cancers that are typically caused by HPV infections. It is recommended to get vaccinated against HPV as HPV 16 and 18 are the cause for nearly 76.7% of cervical cancer cases in India. In addition, the papillomavirus vaccine can also provide protection for women against developing cervical cancer. Typically, like any other vaccine, the HPV vaccine works on the human body to improve the immune response of the body.
The papillomavirus vaccine instigates the human body to produce antibodies that essentially bind to the virus to prevent the papillomavirus from affecting the human cells. So, the vaccine stimulates a primary immune response in the body. Now, when the actual human papillomavirus affects the human body, a secondary immune response is produced that is much greater in efficiency compared to the first, thereby helping fight the virus. For the vaccine to work effectively, the HPV vaccine schedule must be followed properly. This HPV vaccine schedule varies based on age and other parameters.
The process of administering the papillomavirus vaccine is quite simple. Here’s what you need to do:
First, you would have to reach the medical centre of your shot to begin the vaccination process.
Then, your vitals such as your blood pressure would be measured.
Once your vitals are measured, the doctor/nurse will prepare the right vaccine dose for you and get you prepared for being dosed.
Then, your dose would be administered to you on your upper arm. You will then be given certain instructions to be prepared in case of any side effects.
Depending on your age, the HPV injection is given in a 2 or 3 dose schedule.
For HPV vaccine age group 9 - 14 years: 2 vaccine doses are given at an interval of 6 months.
For HPV vaccine age group 15 - 45 years: 3 doses with the second dose taken a month after the first and third dose taken 5 months after the second.
There are 3 primary types of papillomavirus vaccine. They are as follows:
This vaccine is available under the name of Gardasil 9 9vHPV.
This is available under the name of Cervarix 2vHPV.
This vaccine type is available under the name of Gardasil 4vHPV.
All 3 of these vaccines are licensed by the USFDA (United States Food and Drug Administration). These vaccines offer protection against HPV 16 and HPV 18, which are the main cause of most HPV cancers.
Ideally, all preteens should take the HPV vaccine.
The HPV vaccine age is between 11 and 12 years, indicating that the vaccine should be given to all preteen individuals. This will help them stay safe in advance and prevent HPV cancers in the later stages of their lives.
In addition to preteens, the HPV vaccine for adults is equally important. Both young adults and teens up to the age of 26 who have had incomplete shots or no shots at all should be vaccinated. Moreover, the human papillomavirus vaccine is not recommended for adults above the age of 26 as it may not provide equally effective benefits.
Doctors, nurses, and other healthcare providers should be vaccinated.
While the papillomavirus vaccine is beneficial and works well to prevent HPV cancer in the future, there is a certain group of individuals who should avoid taking the vaccine. The main reason is that they may find the vaccine to do more harm than good. Here is a list of people who should avoid taking the human papillomavirus vaccine.
Women who are pregnant should steer away from the vaccine.
People who have an allergic reaction to yeast should avoid taking the vaccine as both Gardasil and Gardasil 9 have yeast concentrations in them.
Individuals who have a negative reaction to HPV vaccines or from any component in the HPV vaccine should avoid getting it.
Here is a list of possible side effects that you can experience after getting the HPV shot.
Swelling and pain in the arm where the shot was administered
Jerking movements (rare)
Very rarely, some individuals may also experience allergic reactions after the HPV vaccine is given. In such cases or in cases where the side effects seem to exacerbate, it is best to consult a doctor immediately.
As mentioned, the HPV shot is quite essential as it provides protection against several types of cancers and genital warts as well. It is recommended to get all shots of the HPV vaccine injection within the prescribed timeline at the earliest. While vaccines can protect you against certain diseases, there are many other medical conditions and communicable diseases that anyone can catch. Hence, it is best to get health insurance to cover any treatment expenses for covered illnesses. If you do not have existing health insurance, you can check out the health insurance plans available online on Finserv MARKETS and choose one that suits your needs.
Yes, people between the age of 9 to 45 can take the HPV vaccine dosage to prevent genital warts and cancers caused by HPV infections.
Yes, 12 years of research and monitoring assures that the HPV vaccine is safe.
Whether HPV infections are covered under a certain insurance plan differs from insurer to insurer. You can check the diseases covered by your preferred insurance company on their official website. You could also get in touch with their team to enquire about the same.
No, the HPV injection does not change your menstrual cycle or cause infertility.
Yes, the HPV vaccine can protect men against warts and other HPV infections.
Some symptoms of HPV in women include
Pain in the pelvic region
As per a leading medical website, the HPV virus clears out of the body within 1 to 2 years and is no longer contagious.