Difference Between Personal Loan and Overdraft Facility

Posted in Lending Articles By Sajhyadri Chattopadhyay-
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In the dynamic landscape of personal finance, individuals often encounter the options of Personal Loans and Overdraft Facilities. Personal Loans provide a lump sum amount for specific needs with structured repayments, while Overdraft Facilities offer a flexible credit line for varied short-term expenses. Both play pivotal roles in financial planning. Understanding their distinctions is crucial to choose the right tool based on their unique requirements. Each serves a purpose; it's the alignment with one's financial goals that determines their significance.

Personal Loan vs Overdraft: Key Differences

Personal Loan:

A personal loan provides a lump sum amount, e.g., ₹3 Lakhs for specific purposes, with fixed monthly installments over a set period (e.g., ₹6,000 for 5 years). Interest charges (around 12%) apply to the entire loan amount. Generally unsecured, it's suitable for planned expenses like funding a wedding.

Overdraft Facility:

An overdraft facility offers a credit limit (e.g., ₹5 Lakhs) for flexible fund withdrawal. Interest (around 10%) is levied only on the utilized amount, and there's no fixed repayment schedule. It provides usage flexibility for short-term needs without specifying the purpose (e.g., ₹50,000 for a home appliance purchase). Overdrafts can be secured or unsecured, with collateral requirements depending on the bank's policies. Suitable for managing cash flow fluctuations, e.g., covering payroll during a slow business month.

Advantages of Personal Loan

  • Versatility: 

Personal loans offer flexibility, allowing you to use funds for various purposes, such as travel, education, or debt consolidation. 

  • Quick Access: 

The application and approval process for personal loans is often faster compared to other loans, providing quick access to funds whenever you need them. 

  • No Collateral Requirement: 

Personal loans are generally unsecured, which eliminates the need for collateral and makes them accessible to a broader range of individuals. 

  • Structured Repayment: 

With fixed monthly instalments, you can enjoy a structured repayment plan, making budgeting more manageable. 

  • Predictable Interest Rates: 

Interest rates on personal loans are typically fixed, which provides you predictability throughout the loan tenure. 

Disadvantages of Personal Loans

  • Higher Interest Rates: 

Their unsecured nature often results in higher interest rates compared to secured loans, increasing the overall cost of borrowing. 

  • Strict Eligibility Criteria: 

Lenders may impose stringent eligibility criteria for personal loans, including credit score requirements and income verification. 

  • Limited Loan Amounts: 

Personal loans may have lower maximum loan amounts compared to loans secured by collateral. 

  • Fixed Repayment Schedule: 

While structured, the fixed monthly instalment may become a constraint for those with irregular income or variable expenses. 

  • Impact on Credit Score: 

Defaulting or late payments can negatively impact the borrower's credit score, affecting future borrowing capabilities. 

Advantages of Overdraft Facilities

  • Flexibility in Usage: 

An overdraft provides flexibility as funds can be used as needed, allowing you to address unforeseen expenses or manage cash flow gaps. 

  • Interest on Utilized Amount: 

Interest is charged only on the amount you withdraw, potentially leading to lower interest costs compared to traditional loans. 

  • Revolving Credit Line: 

The revolving nature of an overdraft allows you to repay and reuse the funds, providing a continuous credit line for short-term financial needs. 

  • No Fixed Repayment Schedule: 

Overdrafts offer you the freedom to repay at your sweet pace without a fixed monthly repayment obligation. 

  • Secured or Unsecured Options: 

Overdrafts can be either secured or unsecured, providing flexibility to cope with debt based on your financial situation and preferences. 

Disadvantages of Overdraft Facilities

  • Risk of Overutilization: 

Their ease of access may lead to over-utilisation, potentially causing financial strain and increasing the overall debt burden. 

  • Interest Rate Variability: 

Interest rates on overdrafts may vary and are subject to change, making it challenging for borrowers to predict the overall interest cost. 

  • Possible Collateral Requirement: 

Some overdrafts may require collateral, impacting those without substantial assets. 

  • Annual Fees: 

Certain overdraft facilities may have annual fees or charges, which add to the cost of maintaining the facility. 

  • Impact on Credit Score: 

Similar to personal loans, mishandling an overdraft, such as defaults or late payments, can negatively impact the borrower's credit score. 


Personal Loans and Overdrafts are like two helpful financial companions. Personal Loans give you a fixed amount for specific needs, while Overdrafts offer flexible money that you can use and pay back as needed. Both are useful in different situations. Does your current situation call for urgent funds? A Personal Loan on Bajaj Markets could lend you more than a helping hand! Besides moderate interest rates and flexible loan terms, browse offers from over 15 lenders and benefit from minimal documentation, quick approval, and much more! 

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