What is the One Nation One Ration Card Scheme?

The Government of India launched the One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC) scheme to ensure that migrant workers can avail the items necessary for human survival such as grains, rice, wheat flour, and fuel, among others, at subsidised rates from Public Distribution Shops (PDS) all over the country. 

The One Nation One Ration Card scheme was unveiled on May 16, 2020 in the light of pandemic. The way this works is that an existing Ration Card holder will have to get their ordinary card converted into what will be known as an ONORC Card to avail the benefits of the scheme. With this, all beneficiaries of the One Nation One Ration Card scheme will be able to procure food and essentials at subsidised rates from any Public Distribution Shop in the country.

The One Nation One Ration Card scheme was rolled out by the Finance Minister on May 16 during the last phase of the Prime Minister’s Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, which included stimulus funds of ₹20 lakh crore. This ration card has been launched in all states and Union Territories in the country and 20 states have already agreed to implement this scheme.

Purpose of the One Nation One Ration Card Scheme

It has been observed that approximately 80 crore beneficiaries are entitled to receive food and grains at subsidised rates under the National Food Security Act, 2013. However, out of the 80 crore beneficiaries, only 23 crore ration cards have been actually issued across Indian states and Union Territories.

Prior to the introduction of the One Nation One Ration Card scheme, an ordinary ration card holder could only purchase such items from the Public Distribution System (PDS) in their locality. It is due to this reason that migrants in the country found it hard to sustain a lifestyle in a city. However, once these beneficiaries convert their existing ration cards to the ONORC card, they will be able to buy subsidised food items from any Fair Price Shop shop in India.

The Finance Minister also mentioned that for the citizens who do not own a state or central issued PDS card, they will be given 1 kilogram of ‘chana’ and 5 kilograms of grain for the next two months.

Benefits of the One Nation One Ration Card

The major benefit of the One Nation One Ration Card scheme is that beneficiaries can avail food items and essentials at any FPS shop across the country. Long story short, the One Ration card can help ease the livelihood of migrant workers all over the country.

To summarise, the benefits of the One Ration Card are as follows:

  • Under the One Nation One Ration Card scheme, beneficiaries from one state can easily get their share of ration in another state. The ONORC initiative is aimed at providing migrant workers with universal access to PDS food grains.

  • The ONORC scheme will also give beneficiaries the opportunity to choose their own supplier. This implies that the beneficiary can switch to a vendor of their choice in case they are not happy with their current one.

  • This scheme will prove to be beneficial for women and other groups as well.

  • The initiative will also help the government achieve the target that was set under the UN initiative of Sustainable Development Goals 2: Ending hunger by 2030.

Portability Procedure of Ration Cards to One Ration Card

As per the Finance Minister, the portability procedure of the current ration card to the One Ration card will be carried out on an intra-state and inter-state basis. It will be done online through various portals assigned for the task.

The Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IMPDS) will provide the technological platform to initiate portability of inter-state ration cards. Additionally, one can also port their ration card on the Annavitran portal. It will help migrant families to avail the benefits of procuring food at a Public Distribution System within their state but outside their district. 

The portability facility is currently available in 20 states at the moment. According to the data available on the IMPDS portal, 275 applications were received on the launch day. As per the reports, the number of transactions for the portability of the intra-state ration card is much higher.

List of States Integrated with One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC) Portability

The ONORC was officially rolled out on June 01, 2020. However, at the moment, there are a total of 17 states and 8 Union Territories on board to roll out the interstate portability of the ration card under the National Food Security Act. They are as follows:

  • Andhra Pradesh

  • Gujarat

  • Goa

  • Jharkhand

  • Haryana

  • Kerala

  • Madhya

  • Pradesh

  • Karnataka

  • Rajasthan

  • Maharashtra

  • Tripura

  • Uttar Pradesh

  • Telangana

  • Bihar

  • Himachal

  • Pradesh

  • Punjab

  • Dadra & Nagar Haveli

  • Daman & Diu

  • Odisha

  • Mizoram

  • Nagaland

In conclusion, the One Nation One Ration Card scheme is going to prove to be beneficial for migrant workers and their families that travel to other states for work purposes. To learn more about ration cards, visit Finserv MARKETS.

Latest One Nation One Ration Card Scheme News

About 77 crore people covered under 'One Nation One Ration Card' scheme: Centre tells LS  

In a recent Lok Sabha session, responding to the pertinent question raised during the Question Hour, Union Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Minister Piyush Goyal confirmed that around 77 crore Indians have availed the benefits of the central government’s One Nation One Ration Card scheme.

This nationwide scheme was launched under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) with the ambition of allowing people from the economically weaker section to buy grains, rice and wheat flour etc. Under this scheme, the essential ration items are heavily subsidised and can be purchased from any authorised fair price stores by showing the One Nation One Ration Card.

The minister highlighted the robust technological infrastructure that forms the backbone of this scheme. This allows for pan-India portability which is a boon for the migrant workers and others as well, allowing them the mobility to pursue their vocations. It was also mentioned that the challenges encountered regarding acquiring a new or duplicate ration card have been eliminated. Now, the beneficiaries can get their ration items by simply providing their Aadhaar number and ration card details, without the need to carry the physical card with them. Biometric identity authentication further ensures no misuse or abuse of the benefits of this scheme.

Information regarding the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojna was also shared, wherein free grains of 5 kg was provided to eligible households for a period of 19 months during the pandemic period. When asked whether there were any plans to provide cash relief to the beneficiaries, the minister mentioned that there are no such plans at the moment.

- Mar 17, 2022

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