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A conversion certificate is a document that quite simply grants approval for land conversion. For context, land conversion refers to the process by which agricultural land is converted to non-agricultural land for the purpose of construction, such as building a house.


The document of conversion certificate is a vital one since, by law, a piece of agricultural land cannot be converted to or used for residential or other purposes without express permission from specific authorities.


The process of procuring a conversion certificate can vary across the states in the country. In some states, the process of land conversion can be known by a different term - namely, the DC conversion, referring to the title of ‘Deputy Commissioner’ who is responsible for granting the approval.

Importance of a Conversion Certificate

When a landowner plans to use their land for a purpose that is not permitted by law, they are legally obligated to change the land use. For example, if an individual plans to run a business activity from a land that is meant for residential use, it will be considered illegal. It is possible that the individual will be subject to penalties as well as a demolition if he or she fails to convert the property following multiple warnings from the local authority. Prior to using the property for other purposes, it is crucial that a conversion certificate is applied for and received so that no hurdles are encountered.


Therefore, if you plan to use your agricultural land for something other than agriculture, make sure you obtain a land conversion certificate before buying a property or a piece of land.

Who Approves Land Conversion in India

The authorities and officials that approve land conversion in India vary from one state to another. Here is a comprehensive list of states and their respective land conversion authority. Also, it is to be noted that in states where there is no specific land conversion authority, the property owner will have to approach the district magistrate or the district collector in their respective state to receive a land conversion certificate.


Authority responsible for land conversion

Andhra Pradesh

Tehsildar/ revenue divisional officer


Sub-divisional officer






District collector


Commissioner Land revenue dept




Tehsildar/ sub-divisional officer

Uttar Pradesh

Sub-Divisional Magistrate

Tamil Nadu

Directorate of Town and Country Planning

What are the Documents Required for a Conversion Certificate

If you are looking to procure a conversion certificate in order to start the construction of your house, there are a few documents that would be useful to keep handy. Here are a few documents that are typically required to get a conversion certificate:

  • Title deed of the property

  • Mutation letter of the property

  • Original sale deed of the property

  • Registration certificate of the property

  • No Objection Certificate, or NOC, from the concerned authorities

  • Copies of land map

  • Copies of land records

  • Copies of building plan and site plan

  • Receipts of latest tax payments

  • Zonal certificate from the Urban Development Authority

  • Certified copy of Form 10 as proof for occupancy rights

  • Certified copy of Survey Map

  • Certified copy of Land Tribunal Order

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How Do You Get a Conversion Certificate

As mentioned before, the procedure for a conversion certificate can vary from state to state. However, there are a few processes that tend to be common across the board. Here are a few common steps required to procure a conversion certificate:

  • Seeking Approval from Authorities:

For this step, you will be required to send an application for land conversion approval to the concerned authority (which could be the Deputy Commissioner or the Collector) with the aforementioned documents.

  • Getting Verified by the Concerned Authorities:

After the submission of the application, the details of this application will be verified by a site officer. The officer will inspect whether the site is vacant, whether it is in dispute as well as various other features such as the presence of any existing structures or high-intensity electricity lines. Based on this part of the process, your application may or may not get approved.

  • Checking for Objections:

Next, a sub-divisional officer or collector will inspect the master plan of the property with the concerned Planning and Development Authority. He will also check to see if there are any land-related objections such as the height or overall expanse of the property exceeding the given limit, and report the same to the concerned authorities.

  • Final Approval:

Upon the completion of the steps above, the Change of Land Use, or CLU application will get approved. You will then be required to pay the applicable charges. Moreover, you will be required to inform the Tehsildar about the land conversion within 30 days so that the necessary changes can be reflected in your land record details.

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What are the Applicable Fees for Conversion Certificate

The fees might vary from one state to another. If the land is used for residential purposes and is within 12 km of the city corporation limit, a conversion fee of Rs. 327 will be charged. If the land is used for commercial use and is within 12 km of the city corporation limit, a conversion fee of Rs. 654 will be charged.


It is to be noted that the charges are higher if you are converting the land for commercial or industrial use when compared to the conversion for residential use.


With the conversion certificate, the dream of building your very own home can be one monumental step closer. Make sure to keep the documents required for the process handy for the application, and exercise patience as the process takes time. However, it is important to note that the conversion certificate is, after all, just one part of the process of constructing your home.


There are various other requirements that you might need to fulfil, some of which might be financial, such as securing an efficient home loan. To that end, consider availing one of the various forms of home loans available on the Bajaj Markets platform. Not only can you find the home loan funding you require, but you can also avail benefits such as flexible tenure options and minimal documentation during the application process.

FAQs for Conversion Certificate

Is a conversion certificate necessary?

It is absolutely necessary to obtain a conversion certificate if you plan to invest in a property or house and intend to use it for other purposes than what it is actually meant for. For example, you will require a conversion certificate if you plan to build a house on land that is meant for farming so that no hurdles are encountered.

What happens if I fail to convert my land use after receiving a conversion certificate?

A conversion certificate is withdrawn by the authority concerned if the landowner fails to change the land use after a specific period. The fee deposited by the owner is also lost.

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