NABARD, otherwise known as the ‘National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development’ is a financial institution with the goal of rural development in India. NABARD manages any credit-related concerns for agricultural and rural undertakings such as their policy, planning, and operations. In general, NABARD handles the funding of any agricultural activities with respect to rural development in India as the institution’s primary goal is the nationwide growth of India’s rural community. There are three sectors NABARD works around. These are development, supervision, and finance.
The following are some of the features of the NABARD loan scheme.
Offering support for funding or refinancing.
Growing the infrastructure of rural communities in India.
Creating credit plans available at a district level for these communities.
Offering guidance and support to the banking sector so the latter can achieve their own credit targets for the year.
Carrying out the supervision of cooperative banks and Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) in India.
Devising new projects that aid in rural development of the country.
Putting into place any of the government’s developmental schemes aimed at helping the growth of rural areas.
Offering training services for handicraft artisans.
When it comes to aiding rural communities financially, NABARD plays a few distinct roles. They are as follows:
The NABARD scheme aims to provide funds for India’s rural infrastructure to enable long term irrigation practices.
Generally offering financial services and aid for the development and improvement of rural India.
Planning, implementing and managing any funding programs for farming and agricultural activities.
Providing all kinds of funding services for the development and growth of food processing units and food parks in designated areas.
Offers both long term refinance and short term refinance servicing to its customers. Simultaneously, provides any direct refinance services to Indian cooperative banks.
Offering lending services, cold chain, and storage infrastructure to rural warehouses.
Marketing federations can receive credit facilities from the NABARD scheme.
Creating new policies for India’s rural financial institutions.
The following loans are available under the NABARD scheme
These are crop-oriented NABARD loans offered by a variety of financial institutions to farmers with the goal of refinancing crop production. This loan offers farmers and their surrounding rural communities the assurance of food security. When agro-operations are seasonal, as of FY17–18, the NABARD scheme has sanctioned ₹55,000 crores to a host of financial institutions as the short term credit loan amount.
These loans are offered by multiple financial institutions for either farm or non-farm activities. Their tenure is much longer than short term loans and ranges from 18 months to a maximum of 5 years. As of FY17–18, NABARD refinanced close to ₹65,240 crores to financial institutions which also covers any concessional refinancing of ₹15,000 crores to Indian Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) and Cooperative banks.
RBI introduced the RIDF as part of the NABARD scheme as they noticed a shortfall in lending to priority sectors that need support for their rural development. With the main focus being the development of rural infrastructure, a total loan amount of ₹24,993 crores was disbursed in FY17–18.
This was introduced as part of the NABARD loans to provide funding for a total of 99 irrigation projects with the disbursal of a loan amount of ₹20,000 crores.
Under this financial scheme, NRIDA or the ‘National Rural Infrastructure Development Agency’ was given a loan amount of ₹9000 crores so it can carry out its project of building pukka houses with all essential amenities to needy households by 2022.
NIDA is a sub-program under the NABARD scheme. It specializes in providing credit to any financially well-to-do institutions or corporations that are state-owned. Hence, NABARD also refinances non-private schemes with the help of this program.
Warehouse Infrastructure Fund provides scientific warehousing infrastructure for agricultural commodities. Initial loan of the amount Rs. 5000 was provided by NABARD in the FY 2013–14. As on 31st March, 2018 the amount disbursed is Rs. 4778 cr.
Under the food processing fund of NABARD, the Indian government has a loan commitment of ₹541 crores which is to be disbursed to 11 large scale food park projects, 1 integrated food park project, and 3 rural food processing units in India.
With respect to cooperative banks, the NABARD scheme has specially sanctioned a loan amount of ₹4849 crores which will provide assistance to 4 state-owned cooperative banks and 58 Co-operative Commercial Banks (CCBs) spread across the country.
This category of NABARD loans promotes the marketing of farm activities by financially strengthening marketing federations. The amount disbursed to such federations as of 2018 was ₹25,436 crores in total.
NABARD has also launched a unique ‘Producer Organizations Development Fund’ or PODF for short. The goal is to provide financial support PACS that mainly operate as ‘Multi Service’.
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