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The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is a skill certification scheme introduced by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). This was implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). 

The primary objective of this scheme is to boost the employability of Indian youth by encouraging them to get industry-relevant skill training. 

Scheme Details of PMKVY

Here are the different agencies operating under PMKVY:  

  •  National Skill Development Authority (NSDA)

This organisation ensures the implementation of the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). They also ensure the strengthening of the State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs).

  •  National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

This entity ensures the implementation of the PMKVY scheme and provides loans to skilling companies from the private sector. They also check the establishment of the Sector Skill Councils (SSC) and monitor them.

  •  Directorate General of Training (DGT)

The Directorate General of Training (DGT) establishes and monitors long-term vocational training institutions, which are also known as Industrial Training Institutes (IITs).

Features and Benefits of PMKVY

Here’s how the government aims to help the applicants through Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana:

  • Provides unemployed and dropouts with industry-based skills training to boost employability

  • Provides a Skill India card and a certification that can help in job applications

  • Extends placement and financial assistance to candidates who received a certificate

  • Provides short-term industrial training to qualified beneficiaries

  • Offers training that is aligned with industry standards

  • Helps candidates find placement in different sectors to improve employability

  • Provides evidence of Prior Knowledge and Recognition (RPL)

  • Boosts self-employment and entrepreneurship opportunities

  • Provides financial rewards on completion of training to candidates

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Eligibility of the PMKVY Scheme

Check out the eligibility criteria for the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana here:

  • Unemployed youth or students who have dropped out of school or college in the middle of an academic year

  • Indian nationals with valid proof of identity, including an Aadhaar card, Voter’s ID or an active bank account

Key Components of PMKVY

Here are the key components of the PMKVY:

  • Short Term Training (STT)

The Short Term Training (STT) component imparted at the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana Training Centres (TC) benefits Indian candidates who are either unemployed or school or college dropouts. The scheme provides short-term training as per the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). 

These training centres also provide training in soft skills, financial literacy, digital literacy and entrepreneurship. After successful completion of the training and assessment, candidates receive placement assistance from the training providers.

  • Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) is a certification component that allows Indian youth to get skill certification relevant to their industry. These training sessions enhance the employability of the candidates and help them secure a stable livelihood. 

Individuals who have prior skills or learning experience are also eligible to benefit from this scheme. Such candidates can register and get the certification under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). It primarily focuses on individuals who are working in unregulated sectors.

  • Special Projects

The Special Projects aim to create a platform for training in special areas. These include government bodies, corporates or industry bodies, and special job roles that are not defined under Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOS).  

Institutions of Central or State Government(s), autonomous and statutory bodies, and other equivalent bodies or a corporation can provide training.

  • Kaushal and Rozgar Mela

The Kaushal Mela creates awareness of the scheme among suitable candidates, helping them enrol. These camps provide information about training options, career paths and income generation opportunities. Rozgar Melas are also organised online for better reach. 

  •  Placement Assistance

The scheme also provides placement assistance to trained individuals. It provides wage or self-employment to certified individuals. The National Skill Development Fund (NSDC) and the Sector Skill Council (SSC) also provide support for placement assistance. Candidates who are interested in entrepreneurship can also receive support.

  • Continuous Monitoring

According to the scheme guidelines, the STT, RPL and special projects are monitored continuously. This monitoring can happen on any working day as a surprise visit. The agency responsible for implementing or coordinating the monitoring process needs to submit progress reports regularly in prescribed formats.

  • Standardised Branding and Communication

All training centres under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana promote their training centres as per the scheme guidelines. They also conduct promotional activities on various social media platforms.

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How Does the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana Work

Here is how the PMKVY scheme works: 

  • Scheme Implementation

The National Skill Development Authority (NSDA) and other bodies set up the eligibility and qualifying criteria. Training Centres (TCs) registered on the SMART portal provide short-term training. 

  • Candidate Enrolment

Candidates enrol in Training Centres after meeting the required eligibility criteria. The government pays the fees for the course. 

  • Relevant Training

Candidates receive short-term as well as special project training. The course and the training duration depend on the role and industry in which the candidates are interested. The PMKVY also assesses and recognises any prior skills or learnings from various channels. 

  • Course Completion 

The candidates need to pass an assessment after the completion of the training. Candidates who successfully clear the assessment receive a skill card and a certification. 

  • Placement 

The PMKVY scheme also provides placement assistance to candidates who pass the assessment and receive the certification. They can receive jobs in various industries and sectors.

How to Apply for PMKVY?

Follow these steps to apply for PMKVY online and offline:

Online Mode:

  • Step 1: Visit the official website of PMKVY

  • Step 2: Search for a training centre and register through the website

  • Step 3: After registration, enter the necessary details

After providing essential details, the training partner arranges the training. You receive awards and certification after successfully completing the training.

Offline Mode:

You can register for the scheme by visiting any PM Kaushal Vikas Centres (PMKVY) Kendras. You need to carry your Aadhaar card, PAN card, bank passbook, and other documents.

FAQs on the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

How can candidates who completed their assessment download their PMKVY Certificate?

Candidates get a hard copy of the PMKVY certificates from their Training Partner or Training Centre after completion of the assessment. Training partners or Training Centres can download the certificates.

Is there any charge for a course under PMKVY?

No, the PMKVY courses and training are free of cost for candidates. The government bears the training and skilling costs.

What is the duration for courses under PMKVY?

The duration of the courses depends on the industry and the job role you choose. Generally, the training hours range between 150 and 300 hours.

What is the age limit for Short Term Training under PMKVY?

The candidate must be between 15-45 years to be eligible for Short Term Training under PMKVY.

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