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India witnesses around 4+ lakh accidents in a year. Around 3 lakh from these leave behind damage to life and health, while more than 1 lakh have resulted in fatal injuries. If this doesn’t highlight the significance of following traffic and road safety rules, there’s no telling what can. 


The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, along with state traffic departments, continue to introduce new ways of learning rules, regulations, and the dangers of on-road misconduct. The lives of countless people, including yourself and your loved ones, depends upon one’s on-road discipline. Hence, it is important to educate yourself about these traffic and road safety regulations. 

Categories of Traffic Signs in India

In India, traffic signs are broadly split into three categories: mandatory signs, cautionary signs and informative signs.

1. Mandatory Traffic Signs

As the title suggests, this set of road traffic signs are obligatory for drivers to follow. The purpose of mandatory traffic signboards is the smooth functioning of traffic on the road. In fact, violating any mandatory traffic signs is punishable by law.


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2. Cautionary Traffic Signs

The goal of cautionary traffic signs is to warn drivers of any potential threat on the road ahead, like road work, potholes, and speed bumps. While these things are not inherent, accidents could occur if one doesn’t slow down their vehicle. Hence, you must take cautionary road traffic signs as seriously as the mandatory ones. 


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3. Informative Signs

Informative signs serve to aid any drivers without a map or knowledge of the facilities available in the area they are driving in. They can help guide drivers by offering directions or telling them about hospitals, public phones, and parking spots in the area. Informative signs are displayed below.

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Traffic Rules in India

Traffic rules are officially listed in the 1989 ‘Rules of Road Regulations.’ They are as follows:




  • Drive to the left on two-way streets

  • Slow down when you see a pedestrian crossing the road

  • Decrease your vehicle’s speed at intersections and junctions

  • While driving or riding, stay mindful of cyclists and make way for them whenever necessary

  • Do not drive in the opposite direction on a one-way road

  • Honk only when necessary

  • Drive on the right side of the road when going up a mountain or hill


  • Stay on the left side of the road if you wish to turn left

  • Stay on the right side of the road if you wish to turn right

  • Always activate the indicator in the right direction before taking a turn


  • Overtaking is allowed only from the right side

  • Do not attempt to interfere with another vehicle overtaking yours

  • Do not increase your speed when someone is overtaking your vehicle

  • Do not overtake another vehicle if it would prove to be dangerous for other drivers and riders

  • Do not overtake a vehicle at a bend, corner, or turning point

  • Do not overtake a vehicle without receiving a signal

  • Do not overtake someone who’s being passed by another vehicle

  • Do not cross the yellow line when overtaking a vehicle


  • The pillion, along with the driver, must wear a helmet on a bike

  • Only one pillion is allowed on a two-wheeler vehicle


  • You cannot park your vehicle in a space marked for pedestrians

  • Do not park your vehicle on a hill or footpath

  • Parking is prohibited next to traffic signals, a crossing on the road, or the entrance of a building

  • Do not park in a way that obstructs any emergency equipment, like fire hydrants


  • Always drive with a valid driver’s licence

  • Vehicles that aren’t protected by motor insurance aren’t allowed on public roads


  • The vehicle registration number should be displayed on the back and front of your vehicle

  • Your vehicle’s head and tail lights should be fully functioning and unobstructed

  • Do not load your vehicle with inflammables or explosive goods

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Although the importance of following traffic rules and regulations is stressed regularly, one can’t ignore the number of daily road accidents and injuries in India. The rising road accident numbers also highlight the importance of purchasing motor insurance. In fact, third-party cover is not only mandatory in all states but also integral to protecting yourself from any road accidents.


You can consider obtaining your vehicle’s motor insurance at Bajaj Markets. By opting for the motor insurance policy on Bajaj Markets, you get access to numerous benefits—swift claim settlements, cashless claims at a network of garages all over the country, and 24/7 assistance whenever you need it. Get your vehicle insured at Bajaj Markets today.

FAQs About Traffic, Rules, Signs, and Violations in India

Yes. In case you are found guilty of not carrying your driving licence while driving, you may have to pay a fine or be imprisoned.

As per the traffic rules, the driver and the person seated in the front seat must always wear seat belts while the vehicle is in motion.

If you are found guilty of drunken driving, you may have to pay a hefty fine or may be imprisoned. The punishment depends upon the amount of alcohol consumed and the frequency of occurrence of such an offence.

Traffic signal rules are followed to keep a smooth and consistent flow of traffic. The basic traffic light rules that you must know while you are at a traffic signal are:

  • At the traffic signal, a red light means stop, that is you need to bring your vehicle to a complete halt

  • At a yellow traffic light sign, you must slow down your vehicle

  • The green traffic light sign means you can keep driving

A driver must carry the following documents while driving:

  • Driving licence

  • Registration certificate

  • Taxation certificate

  • Emission test certificate

  • Insurance certificate

  • Fitness certificate and permit (in case of transport vehicles)

You can buy car insurance online by following these steps:

  • Visit the official website of a car insurer or an insurance provider such as Bajaj Markets

  • Navigate to the car insurance premium calculator page

  • Enter your car’s registration number and your contact number

  • Enter your personal details and choose the type of coverage you want

  • Complete the payment of the insurance premium through any mode of payment

You will receive an active car insurance policy for your car once you pay the premium.


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