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Many of the land and revenue terms used in official documentation are rooted in Arabic and Persian. However, due to the numerous dialects in India, it may be challenging to know all of the regularly used words in land and revenue records. 

Bhulekh, Khasra, Khata, Jamabandi, Satbara (7/12), Khatauni, Pahani, and Patta are some of the essential land record words. Since these are uncommon but essential words, you should know their exact meaning before you choose to sell or purchase land. 

So, here is a look at the various land record terms and their meaning.

Top 10 Land and Revenue Record Terms

Here are the top 10 land revenue terms that you must know about.

Land Revenue Record Term

What does it Mean?

Jamabandi

This refers to documents with information of a landowner, the land, and its cultivators. It is an ROR (Record of Rights).

Khata

It is a comprehensive document that contains information about all the landholdings of an individual or a family.

Khasra

It is a number allotted to a piece of land and is unique to each piece of land.

Khatauni

It is a document containing details about the landholdings of the cultivators.

Khewat

A document containing the list of all the land owned by a landowner.

Nakal

It is a copy of land records that contains all the information about the land, like its owner, revenue, etc.

Khudkasht

It refers to a piece of land that is cultivated by its owner and not the cultivators.

Mauza

A term used for a village or administrative district.

Bainama

It is a popular term used for sale deeds.

Patta and Pattanama

A piece of land given on lease is termed Patta. The mutation of Patta is known as Pattanama.

1. 15 Land Ownership Record Terminology

Here are 15 land ownership record terms that you might not know about.

Land Ownership Record Terms

What does it Mean?

Batai

The core meaning of this term is the settlement made between the owner and the cultivator on the growing of crops and sharing its profit.

Intkal

Intkal is a term used for change in ownership of land. This change of ROR could be because of several reasons like inheritance, survivorship, transfer by a registered deed, lease, or bequest.

Dakhil Khairj

It is another word used for property mutation.

Varsal

It is a term used for the mutation of a piece of land due to the death of the owner or on his will.

Virasat

The term is used for inheritance.

Hibba

It is a term used for mutation when a piece of land is gifted to someone.

Tabdeel Malkiat

It is a term used for the mutation when the settlement is made over a piece of land after the orders of the court.

Fard Badr

When there is any change or correction made in a land record, it is known as Fard Badr.

Shajra Nasab

It is primarily a hierarchical table showing the succession of land ownership of land from time to time.

Shajra Kishtwar

When a map is updated according to the new changes, it is known as Shajra Kishtwar.

Shajra Parcha

It refers to a piece of paper or cloth that Patwaris use to draw maps of the land to include the changes of land ownership.

Lagaan

Lagaan refers to the payment made by the cultivator to the owner of the land on the terms agreed by both parties.

Lal Dora

It is the non-agricultural lands that are meant to be used by the villagers.

Bahissa Barabar

It means equal division of the land.

Rafai-aam or Revenue Raasta

It is a term used in North Indian states. It refers to the access roads of North Indian States.

2. Common Land and Revenue Record Terms

Here is a list of common land and revenue record terms and their meaning to help you understand them better.

Land and Revenue Record Term

What does it Mean?

Abadi Deh

Inhabited site of village

Badastur

Unaltered

Banjar

Uncultivable land

Banjar Jadid

Land which has not been cultivated for four continuous harvests

Banjar Kadim

Land which has not been cultivated for eight continuous harvests

Barani

Land cultivated by rainwater

Baya

Seller of land

Bigha

A measurement of area

Biswa

One-twentieth of a bigha

Biswansi

One-twentieth of a biswa

Chahi

Land irrigated using well water

Chahi Nahri

Irrigated partly from a canal and then partly from a well

Chak Tashkhish

Land classification

Chakautha

Land revenue in cash

Chari

Millet grown for fodder

Chaukidar

Watchman of a village

Chkota

Lump grain rent or rent consisting a fixed amount of grain in the kharif and rabi

Dholi

Death bed gift/A small plot of land to a Brahmin

Do Fasali

A land producing two crops per year

Gair Dakhilda

Unauthorised and permanent possession

Gair-Mumkin

Barren (Uncultivable)

Gerinda

The receiver of a gift

Girdawar

Kanungo/supervisor of Patwaris

Girdawari

Harvest inspection

Gosha

Corner

Hadh

Land or village boundary

Hadbast Number

Village serial number

Jamaan

Land tax

Kalar

Barren land

Kanal

A measure of area

Kanungo

Head of Patwaris

Karam

Unit of length

Kashtkar

Cultivator

Khaka Dasti

Sketch of land made by hand

Khaka

Sketch or layout of a plot

Kharaba

Portions of crops which have failed to come

Kharif

Autumn harvest

Khasra Girdawari

Harvest inspection register

Khud Kashat

Something that is cultivated by the owner themself

Kilabandi

Rectangular measurement of land

Kukri

Impounding a property

Latha Girdawari

Cloth copy of the map of the patwari

Malguzari

Land tax

Marla

Measuring of area

Marusi

Permanent cultivator

Medh

Field boundary

Min

Part/Portion

Misal Haqiyat

A record of right

Mukhtiarnama

Licence

Murrabha

A plot of 25 acres of land

Musavi

Original map

Mustari

Land buyer

Nahri

Canal-Irrigated

Naib-Tehsildar

The deputy or assistant of tehsildar

Nambardar

The Headmen of the village

Paimaish

Measurement of land

Parat Patwar

Patwari copy of the new settlement record

Parat Sarkar

Government copy of the new record of settlement

Patwari

Village accountant

Rahin

Deed of mortgage

Rapat

Mutation

Rehan

Mortgage with possession

Sabik

Former

Shajra

Village map in a detailed way

Sub-divisional magistrate

An in-charge of tehsildar 

Taccavi

Government granted loan offered to an owner of a land for agriculture purposes

Tatima Shajra

Updated map of land after its division

Tatima

Division of plot

Waris

Successor

Wasil Baqi Nawis

Tehsil revenue accountant

Wattar

Diagonal line

Zamindar

Owner of the land

Conclusion

When planning to purchase a new house or plot, it is critical to be aware of all the relevant terms. This will help you not only get the best deal possible but also ensure you do not miss any legal formality. 

If you wish to apply for a home loan to buy your new property, you can easily get one at Bajaj Markets at affordable interest rates. Apply online today for a simple, hassle-free process requiring minimal information. 

FAQs on Common Land and Revenue Record Terms

Patta is a government issued Record of Rights, a document that mentions the name of the legal owner of a property. Those lands having undivided shares are not liable to issue Patta.

Mauza is another name for village or gram. It refers to an administrative district that may comprise more than one or two settlements within its boundary.

ROR stands for Record of Rights. It contains the transaction history of a property along with the name of the legal owner of the land or property. It also has other information about land classification, limits of every owner’s right and liabilities, and other such information.

Khasra is the plot number given to a piece of land. It is a unique number issued for every piece of land and used in the process of establishing one’s rights over a piece of land.

1B and Adangal are two different land documents. 1B contains the information of the land owner and is kept by the Tehsildar. Adangal is a document that contains information about the owner and the land, like the crops grown, possession type, and more.

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