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What is a Khasra Number?

Khasra, a Persian term, refers to the plot or survey number assigned to a parcel of land in the rural areas. It is akin to survey numbers allotted for plot identification purposes in urban areas. Khasra is recorded in a document called Shajra, which is a map of the village and is essential when trying to access rural land records online/offline. 

Importance of Khasra Number

A Khasra number is important in the following ways: 

  • To identify the property/plot and pay taxes.

  • To access land ownership records dating back to 50 years. 

  • To assess asset valuation based on land location, soil quality, and cropping patterns. 

  • To stay informed about updates and notifications on your property. 

  • To prevent land fraud. 

What is Khata Number?

Also known as the Khewat number, the Khata number is assigned to the landowners who jointly own a plot of land. These numbers provide details about the landowners as well as all their landholdings. As it is assigned to the landowners, the Khata number changes if one or all the joint holders of a plot decide to sell it.

Difference Between Khasra Number, Khata Number, and Khatauni Number

To know the difference between Khata, Khasra, Khatauni numbers, you can refer to the table given below: 

Khasra Number

Khata Number

Khatauni Number


In rural areas, plots of land are assigned Khasra numbers. It is an essential number for providing ownership rights to a landholder. Khasra numbers change if the plot is sold, gifted, or divided.

This number is provided to co-owners of a plot in rural pockets. Along with ownership details, the number has information regarding the land owned by the joint landholders. The number can change if the plot is sold. 

Khatauni number is assigned to cultivators who till or cultivate the land across plots with different Khasra numbers.

How Do Khasra and Khata Numbers Get Assigned?

Village authorities assign Khata or Khasra numbers to provide ownership rights to landholders. To create these numbers, the Lekhpal of the village first refers to ‘Shajra’.

After assessing the land, the Lekhpal assigns a Khasra number to the land and a Khata number to the landowners. Once assigned, these numbers are entered as land records and maintained by Patwari. The Patwari updates these records once the land is sold, gifted, or divided.

States where the Term ‘Khasra’ is Used

The following states use the term Khasra for land identification:

  • Bihar

  • Haryana

  • Himachal Pradesh

  • Jharkhand

  • Madhya Pradesh

  • Punjab

  • Rajasthan

  • Uttarakhand

  • Uttar Pradesh

Bhulekh Online: Khasra Khatauni Mobile App

In order to make it more convenient for the public to access land records, the Government of India has launched the National Land Records Modernisation Programme (NLRMP). The aim of this programme is the Computerisation of Land Records (CLR). 

Under this programme, many states have digitised their land records, which can be accessed online through Bhulekh mobile application. It lets you view these records and also any changes to the name of the landowner.


Learning the terminology associated with property ownership is essential to get access to land records. Understanding what is a Khasra number and its importance, can help property owners seamlessly access property-related information through the digitised government portals. 

Furthermore, if you wish to purchase land but are unable to do it because of your financial constraints, you can do so with the help of a  Home Loan through Bajaj Markets.

Khasra Number FAQs

How can I know my Khasra number?

You can check your Khasra number online by logging on to the official website of the state’s Department of Land Records.

What is the Khasra number?

Khasra number is the unique number assigned to properties in rural areas.

Is the Khasra number different from the Khata number?

Yes, Khata and Khasra numbers are different. Khasra numbers are assigned to property in rural areas, whereas Khata numbers are assigned to landowners jointly owning a property.

Is Khata and title deed the same?

No, Khata and title deeds have different meanings. Khata is used to assess the property tax, whereas the latter is a signed document between sellers and buyers.

Can I buy property without Khata?

Yes, you can buy a property if the seller does not have Khata, but the transfer fee will be higher.

Is Khasra a Hindi origin word?

No, it is a Persian term used in India since before the British era.

How can one obtain a certified copy of Khatauni?

You can obtain a certified copy of Khatuni from the land records at your area’s Tehsildar office.

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