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A land record is a broad term that refers to a variety of documents such as Records of Rights (RoRs), land registers, crop inspection registers, tenancies, mutation registers, disputed case registers, and so on. Bhoomi Land records also include geological information about the land, such as its shape and size, as well as the type of soil on it. It can also incorporate economic data like irrigation and crops.

Types of Land Records

The following are the many types of lands for sale in India:

  • Residential Property - Residential land, as the name implies, is a parcel of undeveloped land that is divided into distinct sections and utilised for dwelling. This type of land is typically used for individual homes.

  • Industrial Property - Industrial land is a plot of land used for the establishment of businesses. These plots of land are often larger in size and placed on the outskirts of town, away from residential neighbourhoods.

  • Commercial Property - Commercial land is used for business purposes such as offices, warehouses, showrooms, shops, and retail outlets, among other things. These locations are typically closer to the neighbourhood.

  • Land for Agriculture - Agricultural land makes up more than half of India's total land mass. Because agriculture is such an important part of the Indian economy, there are several agricultural land spaces available throughout the country. These plots of land are typically found in lesser developed belts.

State-wise Land Records e-Service Portals


Official Portal

Andhra Pradesh Land Record


Arunachal Pradesh Land Record


Assam Land Record


Bihar Land Record


Chhattisgarh Land Record


Delhi Land Record


Goa Land Record


Gujarat Land Record


Haryana Land Record


Himachal Pradesh Land Record


Jammu and Kashmir Land Record


Jharkhand Land Record


Karnataka Land Record


Kerala Land Record


Madhya Pradesh Land Record


Maharashtra Land Record


Odisha Land Record


Punjab Land Record


Rajasthan Land Record


Tamil Nadu Land Record


Telangana Land Record


Tripura Land Record


Uttar Pradesh Land Record


Uttarakhand Land Record


West Bengal Land Record


Manipur Land Record


Nagaland Land Record


Sikkim Land Record


Meghalaya Land Record


Mizoram Land Record


Land Record Registration Process

The service of registering a property online is available in all 29 Indian states. It is important to note, however, that only a portion of the registration procedure can be completed online. The following are the stages involved in the online registration of a land in India:

  • Step 1: Calculate the circle rate for the area where your property is located. Depending on the type of property, the circle rate may differ.
  • Step 2: Determine the property's registration fees and stamp duty.
  • Step 3: Make an online payment for the property's registration fees and stamp duty.
  • Step 4: Schedule an appointment with the sub-office registrar's in the county where the property is located.
  • Step 5: The buyer, seller, and two witnesses must all sign the property documents before they can be submitted for registration.
  • Step 6: On the scheduled appointment date, go to the sub-office registrar's and present the property documents for final registration.

Note: To complete the online registration process, you must have an active mobile phone number. This is important because you will be required to use the OTPs supplied to your phone number to identify and validate your login and submissions.

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Documents Required for Land Registration Process

The online and offline registration processes are the two main aspects of the land registration procedure. You will not be needed to upload any papers during the online registration procedure. You will, however, be needed to obtain e-stamp sheets and pay the registration cost and stamp tax online. In addition, you will be needed to give the following information:

  • The locality, pin code, and other details about the property are described.

  • Industrial, residential, commercial, and other types of properties are available.

  • The type of land ownership – purchase, lease, gift, and so forth.

How to Change the Owner's Name in Land Records Online

To modify or amend the land owner's name in the land records, follow these  steps:

  • Step 1: Make an affidavit - By filing an affidavit signed by a notary and two gazetted officers, you can update the land owner's name in the land records. The current land owner's name, the new land owner's name, and the reason for the name change should all be included in the affidavit.  
  • Step2: Publication of an ad in a print publication - Following the change of name in the land records, an announcement shall be published in two newspapers, one in English and the other in the state's official regional language. The prior owner's name, the new owner's name, the date of birth, and the address should all be included in the advertisement.
  • Step 3: Publication of a notice in the Gazette - To complete the change of owner's name in the land records, a copy of the aforementioned advertising should be delivered to the Department of Publication, along with all supporting documentation.
  • Step 4: Visit to the land registry - After the land owner's name has been officially changed, the present land owner should go to the land registry office with all of the necessary documentation linked to the name change. These should be submitted with a little charge attached. The name will be amended in all land records after this is completed.
  • Step 5: Verification - The documents will be reviewed by the competent officials once they have been submitted to the land registry office to ensure that the change of land owner's name is authentic.
  • Step 6: Name change - The name of the new landowner will be updated in all official records once the above-mentioned verification is finished. A copy of this will also be sent to the applicant's registered address. In some states, this procedure can also be completed online through the land records' online portal. The time it takes to update the name in the land records is around 20 days.
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Correction of Land Records Spelling Errors

It's crucial that the name in the land records is spelled correctly. Any spelling errors will cause problems whether applying for a housing loan, a mortgage, or selling the property. Whether it's a misspelling or an omission of the middle name, they should be corrected as soon as possible once they've been detected. It is necessary to amend the land records with the correct spelling of the name, as well as any names that are missing.


A notarized affidavit must be presented to the land registry department in order to do this. The affidavit should state that there was an overlook that led to the error, as well as the error and how it was corrected. After the verification is finished, the land records will be updated with the right information.


To correct the land records, a rectification deed can also be submitted. This is done when the owner's name is misspelled on a freshly registered property. This must be done with both the seller's and the buyer's permission. The correction deed must be accompanied with the original sale deed, which must be registered. For the process to be completed, stamp duty and registration fees must also be paid.

Land Record FAQs

What is Property Mutation?

The process of modifying or transferring the title of a land in the records of the concerned municipal authority under which the property falls is known as property mutation. The title entry in the local authority's revenue records is transferred or changed through the mutation procedure.

What is RTC?

RTC is an acronym for Record of Rights, Tenancy, and Crop Information. This is exclusively available in the state of Karnataka. It is also known as Pahani, and it is a land record of a property that reveals information such as who owns the land, the rate of water, the area of the land, the nature of the land's possession, tenancy, assessment, liabilities, and so on.

What does it mean to have a Record of Rights?

A land record that incorporates all forms of rights and obligations recorded in relation to the piece of land that is registered is known as a Record of Rights.

What is the meaning of an encumbrance certificate?

An Encumbrance Certificate is a property-related clearance document. This certificate is a document of assurance that the property under consideration is free of all legal and monetary obligations. It reveals whether the property has any monetary liabilities, such as an unpaid loan or mortgage.

What is the difference between Survey and Tippani?

Tipanni and Survey refer to the same thing. Tippani is a document that contains a brief summary of a certain survey number. It includes the land measurements as well as a drawing of the property. The survey department is the one who issues it.

What exactly is Akarband?

The Akarband is a document that aids in determining a property's survey number and the specific entity to whom the number was originally assigned. It also includes information on the land revenue assessment details. The survey department issues this document.

Which states have a facility to check land records online?

All the major states such as Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Bihar, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have their separate online portal for checking land records while purchasing a property.

Does India have a land registry?

Yes, it is mandatory to register your property if its value is over Rs. 100. The property gets transferred to the owner’s name once they complete the payment of stamp duty and registration charges.  

Which app is best for land records?

There are several apps specific to different regions from where you can access all the land records. Some of these include Banglarbhumi app for West Bengal, Dishaank App for Karnataka, and so on.

How do I find out who owns land in my area?

You can follow the steps below to check the owner of the land you want to purchase:

Step 1: Visit the official website containing the land records.

Step 2: Select the Tehsil, Janpad, and Gram.

Step 3: Enter the khasra number accurately.

Step 4: Click on the ‘Submit’ button.

How can farmers get their land record?

Farmers can get their land records from the district office or the panchayat office. However, they might have to pay some fee so that they can instantly access this information.

Who maintains land records in India?

The Revenue Department of India is in charge of maintaining all the land records across India. 

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