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Under the aegis of the Indian Government, the Motor Vehicles Act of 1988, Regional Transport Offices (RTO) have been established all across the country. Every state and city in the country has their own RTO that carries out specific roles.


A government organisation, each RTOs in India is primarily tasked with maintaining a database of all vehicles in the country. They also enforce rules laid down by the Motor Vehicles Act, ensuring registration of new vehicles, issuing driving licences, inspecting vehicles from time to time, and issuing pollution certificates. In addition, RTOs are also responsible for the collection of road tax, which states use for the upkeep and development of roads.

RTO Code & Official Website for Union Territories

Here are the RTO Codes and web portals for the 8 Union Territories in India:

Union Territory

Code of RTO

Official website of RTO

Andaman and Nicobar Islands






Daman and Diu



Dadra and Nagar Haveli






National Capital Territory of Delhi








Online Services

Functions of Regional Transport Office (RTO)

India has a large and complex road network that supports an ever-expanding number of vehicles. With millions of vehicles plying on Indian roads, RTO offices have gained immense importance.


  • The basic function of RTOs is to implement and enforce various rules enshrined in the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988.

  • All new vehicles in the country have to undergo RTO registration. All vehicle information is stored with the RTO.

  • The RTO office has to maintain the database of all the vehicles in India. These vehicle details can be accessed through the Parivahan website.

  • RTOs issue driving licences to vehicle users.

  • Routine inspection of vehicles.

  • Issuance of vehicle fitness certificates.

  • Collection of the road tax.

  • RTO offices regulate and manage commercial permits given to trucks, taxis and autos.

  • Implementation of the changes brought in the Motor Vehicle Act.

  • Issuance of pollution certificate after checking emission.

  • Ensure a comprehensive growth of road transport through the implementation of various rules.


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Step-by-Step Process of different RTO Functions

Let us now understand the processes involved in the different functions of the RTO in detail:

1. Process of obtaining a Driving licence

A driving licence is an essential document needed when you want to drive in India. The RTO is responsible for issuing the learning/permanent driving licence. A few other responsibilities that fall under the licence category for RTO includes


  • Testing and issuance of learning licence.

  • Renewal of the permanent driving licence.

  • Issuance of the international driving licence permit.

  • Issuance of the licence for motor driving schools in the country.

  • Issuance of the licence for driving instructors.

  • Issuance of a conductor’s licence.

2. Vehicle registration process at RTO

A brand new vehicle has to be compulsorily registered with the concerned RTO office according to the Motor Vehicle Act. When you buy a car, the RTO registration is taken care of by the dealer. The total price displayed by vehicle dealers generally includes RTO registration charges. The dealership completes the registration process without the vehicle owner having to visit the RTO office. However, if you do not want to involve the dealer, you can get the vehicle registered yourself. A few documents are required while applying for vehicle registration at an RTO.


  • At least 3 photographs (passport size).

  • Vehicle registration application form, also known as Form 20.

  • Sales certificate provided by the dealer of the vehicle, also known as Form 21.

  • You have to submit identity proof, which includes a PAN card, Voter ID, Aadhar card, Passport and driving licence.

  • You have to submit residence proof, which includes a ration card, Aadhar, rental agreement, and account statement, utility bill and Voter ID.

  • Loan hypothecation details, also known as Form 34.

  • PUC certificate, also known as Pollution Under Control certificate is issued to certify that the vehicle’s emission is below the prescribed limit.

  • The insurance certificate is provided by the dealership.

  • Sales invoice provided by the vehicle dealership.

  • Temporary registration number.

  • In case the state you bought the vehicle from is different from the state you want to get it registered in, you will have to produce a sales tax clearance certificate.

  • NOC from the RTO.
    These documents will have to be submitted to an RTO office while registering a new vehicle. After the submission, the documents, as well as the vehicle, will be inspected by an RTO official. As soon as the verification gets over, the RTO office issues the driving licence. The entire process may take around seven days.

3. Transfer of RC from one State to another

When you are shifting or moving to another state, you will need to get the RC transferred to the new state. In order to do this, you must first deregister your vehicle from your existing state and then register it in the new state. You can follow the given steps to transfer RC from one state to another:


  • Apply for a NOC by submitting Form 28 at the RTO of your existing state. In case you are planning to sell your vehicle, you will need to submit Form 29.

  • Once you arrive at the new state, submit your NOC to the nearest RTO.

  • You will have to pay the road tax applicable to that state.

  • Once all these formalities are completed, you will get the new vehicle registration number from the RTO.

4. Transfer of Vehicle Ownershi

Buying a pre-used vehicle is as common as buying a new one. India has a large second-hand vehicle market, but when you trade in pre-owned vehicles, you have to get the ownership transferred to the new owner. The RTO office facilitates the ownership transfer of vehicles. One has to follow a few simple steps to get the ownership transferred:


  • Fill and submit Form 29 and Form 30 that are used for ownership transfer.

  • Submit the vehicle registration, vehicle insurance and PUC certificates.

  • Submit an affidavit stating the vehicle sale.

  • The RTO office asks for the buyer’s address and identity proof.

  • After the submission of the documents listed above, the RTO will verify and issue the transfer certificate.

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RTO Offices in Popular Cities in India

RTO Location

RTO Code

RTO Location

RTO Code

Andhra Pradesh




Arunachal Pradesh


























Tamil Nadu


Himachal Pradesh










Uttar Pradesh






Madhya Pradesh


West Bengal










Types of Vehicle Registration at RTO

The RTO offers two types of vehicle registrations:

1. Temporary vehicle registration

The vehicle dealers issue the temporary vehicle registration when you buy a new motor vehicle. With this permit, you can use the new vehicle for the first seven days from the date of vehicle delivery and has an extension of up to one month. After this, you (the vehicle owner) should purchase a permanent vehicle registration permit.

2. Permanent Vehicle Registration

Any new vehicle purchased should have a valid vehicle registration certificate issued by the RTO. It can be obtained by submitting the necessary documents related to you (the vehicle owner) and the motor vehicle.

Fees for Registering a Vehicle

If you are familiar with the pricing structure of vehicles, you must have heard of two terms—the ex-showroom price and the on-road price. The ex-showroom price is the company’s price of the vehicle, while the on-road price is the showroom price with added charges. Before you start driving the vehicle, you have to bear certain additional costs such as road tax and registration charges.


Here are the various charges levied during the registration of the vehicle:

  • Road Tax

The government levies a one-time road tax on vehicle owners to develop and maintain the network of roads in India. The dealership generally charges the road tax while selling the vehicle and submits it to the RTO. In case the road tax has already been paid by you, collect the requisite document and submit it to the RTO office along with other documents.

  • Registration fee

The fee levied by RTOs to verify the documents and complete the registration process is known as the registration fee. The registration charges depend on the type of vehicle.

  • Hypothecation charges

To afford a car, most people take a car loan. The RTO office levies an additional charge to process the hypothecation documents.


The network of RTOs across the country plays an important role in supporting the transportation and automobile sectors of India. RTO is one of the first places to visit after purchasing a vehicle.


But before going to an RTO, you will have to visit an insurer because motor insurance is compulsory in India. To avoid long queues and unnecessary documentation, opt for comprehensive motor insurance, available on Bajaj Markets You can get four-wheeler insurance as well as two-wheeler insurance with extensive coverage options through Bajaj Markets.

Latest RTO News

Pune: Electric vehicle sales go up on Akshaya Tritiya

As per the Pune Regional Transport Office (RTO), this year, a total of 2,668 two-wheelers and 1,697 four-wheelers have been registered in the week leading to Akshaya Tritiya. Moreover, due to the constant rise in fuel prices, the Pune RTO division has seen a drastic rise in the demand and registration of electric vehicles. A total of 6,215 electric vehicles were registered in the Pune RTO in 2021, whereas, the 5,465 electric vehicles were registered in the city in just the first four months of 2022. Out of these 5,465 electric vehicles that were registered till April 2022, 4,731 are electric bikes.

- May 03, 2022

Indore RTO: 888 driving licences of repeat offenders suspended for 3 months

The Indore RTO has suspended 888 driving licences for three months for not following the road safety rules and regulations repeatedly between January and March this year. According to Archana Mishra, the Assistant Regional Transport Officer, these driving licences have been debarred temporarily as per the reports of traffic police regarding the said number of violators. Every offender has been caught violating different traffic rules like jumping traffic signals at important points, over speeding, talking on the phone while driving/riding the vehicle, etc. Out of the 888 offenders, 579 are two-wheeler drivers, 300 are four-wheeler drivers, and nine others.

- Apr 19, 2022

Nashik: RTO collects ₹4 crore fine from overloaded vehicles during the last financial year

As per a report, the Nashik RTO has managed to collect a fine of around ₹4 crore from traffic offenders who were travelling with their vehicles loaded above their maximum weight limit. According to the report, the fine was recovered from 1835 different vehicle owners. The report also mentioned that the majority of offenders were truck drivers. An official from the RTO said that action against drivers carrying weight above the maximum limit would continue, as they threaten not only their own lives but the lives of others as well. 

- April 21, 2022


Pune RTO reports ₹1,027 cr revenue in 2021, crossing pre-pandemic levels

The Pune RTO reported revenue of ₹1,027 crore in 2021, crossing the pre-pandemic revenue level of ₹1,020 crore in 2019. Based on the National Vehicle Register data, the Pune RTO had the highest revenue for any RTO in Maharashtra. Meanwhile, the revenue of at least 52 RTOs in Maharashtra had taken a hit due to the pandemic. As the situation is improving and restrictions are being lifted, revenue generation is coming back to normal, a senior RTO officer shared. The total revenue generated from the 52 RTOs in Maharashtra was reported to be ₹5,303 crore in 2021.

- April 17, 2022


Mira Bhayandar: RTO to start fitness testing of vehicles in Kashimira from May 1

Mira Bhayandar residents previously had to travel around 45 km to Kalyan to get their motor vehicle fitness tests done. Fortunately for them, the RTO is planning to roll out a fitness test centre in the Ghodbunder area of Kashimira, which is located in Mira Bhayandar. The Mira Bhayandar Municipal Corporation (MBMC) has also given its approval to utilise the location for vehicle fitness testing. The RTO will set up a test track from May 1 to conduct fitness tests for vehicles. 

- April 9, 2022

Vashi: RTO penalises 15 school buses during checks

As the schools reopen for students to physically attend classes, the RTO has increased their checking of school buses for vehicle fitness and permits. Out of a total of 1,500 school buses registered in Vashi, the RTO fined 15 buses for fitness or permit violations. An RTO official commented that bus drivers had been informed beforehand to apply for their fitness certificates and permits if they had expired, and the RTO had received around 18 applications from April 1. The transport association is upset at RTO’s decision and has requested more time for drivers to update their vehicles, as they had suffered major financial losses during COVID lockdowns when schools were closed.

- April 8, 2022


A new vehicle should ideally be registered within a week of the purchase. 

One can submit the documents online but will have to be physically present at the RTO office with the vehicle to receive the registration document. 

RTOs are not open on all Saturdays, but function on the first and third Saturday of every month. 

The registration of a personal vehicle has a 15-year validity and after that, it needs to be renewed every 5 years. 

According to Section 39 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, you can drive/ride a motor vehicle on Indian roads only after it is registered with the RTO.

Yes, you can check the vehicle registration details online at the Parivahan website. 

Temporary registration is valid for a month. After it expires, you will have to apply for permanent registration. In some exceptional cases, the temporary registration validity can be extended by requesting the RTO. 

No, auto insurance must be bought either online through platforms such as Bajaj Markets or offline through broking agents.

The appropriate road taxes are paid when the vehicle is registered with the appropriate state RTO. Typically, the tax is collected on behalf of the customer by the dealer or showroom, and the buyer is given the receipt once the payment is complete.

The main roles of the RTO include registering vehicles, issuing licences, collection of road taxes and duties, among other key functions.

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