✓Minimal Documentation ✓Flexible Repayment ✓Collateral Free Loan | Apply for Business Loan Now!

GST on cars can range between 0% to 28% depending on the car type and usage. In addition to GST, compensation cess will also be applicable on sale of new cars.

GST on Cars in India

The GST on cars is applied across multiple slabs of 5 per cent, 12 per cent, 18 per cent, and 28 per cent based on their body length, fuel or engine type, and usage. The 28 per cent slab is the topmost tax rate and is considered as the GST on motor vehicles, both for personal as well as commercial purposes. Besides the GST on cars, a compensatory cess of up to 22 per cent is levied at the time of motor vehicle sales, in addition to the applicable GST slab rate, taking the effective GST on a car purchase to 50 per cent.

Pre-GST tax Laws on Automobiles

Before GST, excise and VAT were charged to the end consumer. The tax rate ranged from 26.50% to a whopping 45%, much higher than the GST. Take a look at the table given below:

Car Category 

Model

GST Rate on Car

Pre-GST Tax Rate

Small cars under 1200cc

Tata Tiago, Volkswagen Polo

18%

28%

Medium cars between 1200-1500 CC

Tata Nexon, Nissan Kicks 

18%

39%

Luxury cars above 1500 CC

Bugatti Chiron, Land Rover

28%

42%

SUVs above 1500 CC

Jeep Compass, Renault Duster 

28%

45%

The following is a table that indicates a comparison between pre and post vehicle GST rate motor vehicles for personal use after considering the applicable compensatory cess and GST slab rate:

Car Segment based on Length

Engine Type

Engine Tank Capacity

Pre-GST Tax Rate

Post-GST Tax Rate

Difference between Pre and Post GST tax rate (in % points)

Sub-4 metre cars

Petrol, CNG, LPG

< 1.2 L

31.5 per cent

29 per cent

2.5

Diesel

> 1.5 L

33.25 per cent

31 per cent

2.25

Petrol, Diesel

Petrol: > 1.2 L

Diesel:<1.5 L

44.7 percent

43 per cent

1.7

Greater than 4-metre SUVs

Petrol, Diesel

All capacities

55 per cent

43 per cent

12

Greater than 4-metre non-SUVs

Petrol, Diesel

Petrol: > 1.2 L

Diesel: < 1.5 L

51.6 percent

43 per cent

8.6

Electric Cars

Electric

Not applicable

20.5 per cent

5 percent

15.5

Impact of GST on the Automobile Industry 

The impact of GST in the automobile industry can be seen as follows:

 

  • VAT and Excise, the two taxes that were previously levied on bikes and cars at a rate ranging from 26.50% to 44% on average, were paid by the consumer. These rates were far more elevated than the GST costs of 18% and 28%. Due to this, the GST has reduced the tax responsibility on the final customer. 

  • Dealers and importers welcomed the introduction of GST on cars because they would now deduct the GST they paid for items that have been sold or imported. In contrast, they were formerly not able to deduct the excise tax and VAT they paid. 

  • Under the terms of the GST statute, the IGST would cover the excise reimbursed on product transfers. Advances in the requirement of goods were furthermore subjected to GST taxation. Due to a better supply chain strategy under GST, manufacturers were able to purchase auto parts for less money. 

  • The GST rate for cars and motorcycles remains at 28%, and the Indian administration has also declared a schedule of cess that will be imposed on numerous types of vehicles. Cess has also been assessed on many car types, and it ranges from 1- 15%. For a better understanding of the various cess rates applicable to various types of autos, we have produced an infographic.

GST and Cess Rates on Vehicles -

Vehicle's Description 

Cess Rate 

GST Rate

CNG or LPG vehicles of less than 1200 CC

1%

18%

Vehicles less than 1500 CC

17%

 

Special purpose vehicles 

 

18%

Diesel vehicles of less than 1500 CC

3% 

18%

SUVs

22%

 

Used and old Vehicles

Nil

 

Good transport motor vehicles 

 

28%

Transport Vehicle with capacity of not more than 13 people 

15%

 

Public transport vehicles which runs on biofuels with capacity of more than 10 people 

 

28%

Racing cars, transport vehicles for physically disabled individuals and station wagons 

 

28%

Refrigerated Vehicles 

 

18%

Vehicles with more than 1500 CC excluding the one restricted against entry at S.No 52B

20%

 

What is the Value of Supply to Compute GST and Cess on Cars? 

1. Value of Supply

The money the seller receives from the consumer in trade for the deal or services or goods is referred to as the value of supply under the GST. GST is based on trade value when it comes to connected parties. The price at which self-reliant parties would generally transact business is known as the transaction value.

Let's understand this with the help of an example.
Ms. X buys a Hyundai Grand i20 for ₹10.5 Lakhs from accessories and dealers. Then, cess and GST are calculated as follows:

 

Sale cost: ₹10,50,000 (value of supply)

GST rate at 18% (as the car comes under the small car category)

GST cess at 1%

Total value: ₹10,50,000 +₹1,79,000 = ₹12,29,000.

2. Discounts in regular commercial practice:

If a seller offers a discount at the sale rate prior to or at the moment of supply and indicates the discount on the invoice, the deal is not included in the value of the supply. GST must be paid on such discounts if they are not indicated in the invoice.

3. Post-supply reductions

Only when all of the requirements, as mentioned above, are completed the post-supply reductions are permitted as a deduction from taxable price:

 

  • Discounts offered must directly result from a contract with clients.

  • Such a contract should be signed either in advance or during the items' delivery.

  • The customer should reverse ITC.

  • The reduction must be connected to the related supply statement, which was first generated by the taxable individual at the time of the good supply.

4. Insurance and Registration 

Registration, insurance, and other costs are recovered by a dealer acting as an agent. Examples of these costs include insurance, registration fees, credit card swipe fees, and others. GST won't be charged on sums gathered as a pure agent. However, if he obtains more money than he really spent, GST will be applied to that sum as well.

Segment-wise Applicability of GST on Cars

1. Sub-4 metre Length Segment

  • This is quite a hot-selling segment in the Indian automobile market, and includes car models such as Hyundai Grand i10, Maruti Suzuki Dzire, Hyundai i20, Vitara Brezza and so on.

  • Cars with petrol/CNG/LPG engines displacing less than 1.2 litres attracts a GST rate of 28 per cent and a cess of 1 per cent, taking the total GST on a car purchase to 29 per cent

  • Cars with petrol/CNG/LPG engines displacement greater than 1.2 litre, and 1.5 litre diesel engines are levied a GST rate of 28 per cent and a cess of 15 percent making the effective GST on motor vehicles at 43 per cent.

  • Sub-compact sedans and sub-compact SUVs with more than 1.2 litre petrol engine and less than 1.5 litre diesel engine also attract a final GST rate of 43 per cent.

2. Above 4-metre Length Segment

  • Irrespective of the displacement, SUVs with petrol or diesel engines in this segment attract a car GST rate of 43 per cent.

  • Non-SUVs in this segment include hatchbacks and sedans such as Maruti Ciaz, Honda City, with more than 1.2 litre petrol engines, and more than 1.5 litre diesel engine are levied a 43 per cent GST on automobiles.

Electric Car GST Rate

With the transition of emission standards to Bharat Stage VI from April 2020, the electric vehicle GST rate has been fixed to give a boost to their sales as well as encourage customers towards purchasing electric vehicles (EVs). Currently, the electric car GST rate of 5 per cent applicable to EVs like Mahindra eVerito, in comparison to the 12 per cent that was previously charged as GST for EVs during the new tax system’s countrywide rollout.

GST on Imported Cars

Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) is levied on imported cars and is calculated as a sum of the car’s assessable value and basic customs import duty.

For instance, if a car’s assessable value is ₹5, 00, 000, and the basic customs duty levied is ₹50, 000, the total value considered for levying IGST amounts to ₹5, 50,000. The IGST charged on the imported car @ 18 per cent stands at ₹99,000, making the overall cost of the imported car ₹6,49,999.

 

However, in a bid to give a push to the ‘Make in India’ mission, the Government has raised the customs duty on imported cars as shown below:

 

  • Customs duty on Semi Knocked down kits of passenger vehicles have now been raised to 30 per cent from 15 per cent

  • Customs duty on Full Knocked down kits of passenger vehicles have been raised to 15 per cent from 10 per cent

Exemption Categories Under GST for Cars

  • To reduce the cascading effect of taxation, the used car dealers are allowed to pay the car GST rate only on the difference between the selling and buying price of the car. If the difference is negative, the dealer need not pay any GST on cars

  • Payment of GST on vehicles is also exempted on the purchase of used cars from unregistered dealers

  • Cars purchased by physically disabled persons are also exempted from GST

In a nutshell, irrespective of the current slowdown being witnessed in India’s automotive industry caused by the lockdowns, the GST on automobiles or the GST on motor vehicles has, nevertheless, been a game changer for the industry as well as its consumers. The GST regime has fully done away with the economically perilous impact of cascading taxation imposed in the form of excise duty and VAT during the previous tax regime. GST’s relatively lower tax slabs now allow putting more money into a buyer’s hands. 

 

For more pointers on car GST rate, visit Bajaj Markets - a digital, financial platform where you can find several types of loans, and investment products to leverage your credit and investment needs. Availing of these financial services and products is now made easy on Bajaj Markets with their quick and hassle-free online application process.

Benefits of GST on Cars 

The implementation of GST on cars has surely reduced the overall tax implication on new cars, which has consequently lowered car prices in the country. Apart from giving the much-needed boat to the automobile industry, the other benefits of GST on cars are as follows: 

 

  • Benefits for the Customer:
    As a customer, one needs to pay a reduced tax amount on the car of their choice.

  • Benefits for the Dealer:
    The importers/ dealers who earlier could not make a claim for VAT and excise paid, can claim their tax deductions with the introduction of GST.

  • Benefits for the Manufacturer:
    With the inclusion of excise duty, the overall cost of manufacturing has also declined. The manufacturer can claim an ITC on the raw material that is used during production. Thus, the manufacturer is in a better position of gaining more benefits.

What are the Issues That Need to be Resolved?

While the introduction of GST on cars has been given a warm welcome by the automobile sector, there are some issues that require attention, for example, the bundling of the vehicle with accessories, handling charges and warranties. When car dealers charge for the sale of the car, they include other secondary services such as accessories, insurance and also an extended warranty. Now, whether these costs should be included under GST or should be regarded as composite supply is a question that remains. 

FAQs on GST on Cars

  • ✔️Is the car GST refundable?

    As per Section 17-5 of the CGST Act, car GST is not refundable.

  • ✔️Is GST included in on road price?

    GST is included in the ex-showroom price along with the car’s factory price. The on-road price on the other hand includes the ex-showroom price along with the registration charges, road tax and the cost of insurance.

  • ✔️Do you pay GST when buying a used car?

    If you are buying a used car, the GST would be applicable on the differential margin that exists between the selling price and the purchase price of the car.

  • ✔️What is the EV tax Benefit?

    1. To promote the usage of electric cars, the government has introduced Section 80 EEB which offers a tax exemption of ₹1.5 Lakhs on the loan taken to purchase the EV. Other than this, the government has also slashed the electric vehicle GST rate to 5% which was 12% earlier.