Investment Guide for Beginners in India

Posted in Investment Tips By Sajhyadri Chattopadhyay -
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Ever wondered where to start on the exciting journey of investing? Picture a world of financial possibilities at your fingertips! But where to dive in first? Fear not, beginners! In this guide, we'll unravel the mystery of investing with five easy-to-understand options that are perfect for newcomers. As a beginner, it's important to consider various investment options based on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. Let's transform confusion into confidence and kickstart your financial adventure! 

Fixed Deposits

Fixed Deposits are a type of investment where you deposit a lump sum amount with a financial institution for a fixed tenure at a predetermined interest rate.

Key Features: 

  • Fixed tenure with predetermined maturity date.

  • Fixed interest rate throughout the tenure. 

  • Returns are assured.

Benefits: 

  • Safety and stability of principal.

  • Suitable for short to medium-term goals.

Considerations:

  • Interest income is taxable.

  • Premature withdrawal may incur penalties.

Why it Can Be Ideal:

  • Ideal for beginners due to its simplicity, safety, and ease of understanding. 

Systematic Investment Plan

SIPs are a type of investing in mutual funds where you regularly invest a fixed amount at set intervals (quarterly, monthly, etc.) 

Key Features: 

  • Systematic and disciplined approach to investing.

  • Professional fund management.

  • Diversification across various securities.

Benefits: 

  • Suitable for long-term wealth creation.

  • Flexibility in investment amounts.

  • Potential for higher returns compared to traditional investments.

Considerations:

  • SIP returns can vary based on market conditions. 

Why it Can Be Ideal:

  • Ideal for beginners seeking exposure to the stock market with a disciplined and gradual investment approach.  

Public Provident Fund 

PPF is a long-term savings scheme by the Government of India, where you can invest a fixed amount annually, and the returns are tax-free. 

Key Features:

  • Tenure of 15 years, with an option to extend in blocks of 5 years.

  • Fixed interest rate, revised quarterly by the government. 

  • Latest PPF interest rate is 7.1% for January quarter of 2024. 

Benefits: 

  • Tax benefits under Section 80C. 

  • Long-term wealth creation with capital protection.

  • Partial withdrawals allowed from the 7th year.

Considerations:

  • Limited liquidity, with partial withdrawals subject to certain conditions.

Why it Can Be Ideal:

  • Ideal for long-term goals and tax-efficient wealth creation.  

National Pension System

NPS is a long-term, voluntary retirement savings scheme that provides systematic savings for pension purposes. 

Key Features:

  • Mix of equity, corporate bonds, liquid funds, government funds, etc. 

  • Choice of fund managers and investment options.

  • Tier-I account for retirement savings and a Tier-II account for additional savings.

Benefits:

  • Tax benefits under Section 80CCD.

  • Systematic savings for retirement. 

Considerations:

  • Partial withdrawal allowed under specific conditions.

  • Mandatory annuity purchase with a part of the corpus at maturity.

Why it Can Be Ideal:

  • Ideal for individuals looking for a structured retirement savings plan with tax benefits.  

Recurring Deposit

RD is a type of savings account where you deposit a fixed amount regularly (monthly) for a predetermined period at a fixed interest rate.

Key Features: 

  • Regular monthly contributions.

  • Fixed tenure with predetermined maturity.

  • Interest rates comparable to FDs.

Benefits:

  • Systematic savings with a disciplined approach.

  • Assured returns with lower risk.

  • Ideal for short to medium-term goals.

Considerations:

  • Interest income is taxable.

  • Premature withdrawal may incur penalties.

Why it Can Be Ideal: 

  • Ideal for beginners looking for a disciplined way to save regularly.  

Exchange-Traded Funds

ETFs are investments that are traded on stock exchanges, which represent a collection of assets like stocks, commodities, bonds, etc.

Key Features: 

  • Offers diversification across a specific sector or index.

  • Lower expense ratios compared to mutual funds.

Benefits:

  • Market-linked returns with diversification.

  • Flexibility to buy/sell throughout the trading day.

  • Lower expense ratios enhance cost-effectiveness.

Considerations: 

  • Market risks associated with the underlying assets.

  • Requires a demat account for trading.

Why it Can Be Ideal:

  • Ideal for beginners seeking market exposure with lower costs.  

Gold ETFs

Gold ETFs are exchange-traded funds that track the performance of physical gold, allowing investors to gain exposure to the gold market.

Key Features:

  • Represents physical gold in electronic form.

  • Trades on stock exchanges like a stock.

  • Eliminates the need for storing physical gold.

Benefits:

  • Investment in gold without the need for physical possession.

  • Market-linked returns based on gold prices.

  • Liquidity and ease of buying/selling on the exchange.

Considerations:

  • Market risks associated with gold price fluctuations.

  • Requires a demat account for trading. 

Why it Can be Ideal: 

  • Ideal for those looking to invest in gold without the hassles of physical storage.  

 

Government Savings Schemes 

 

Government Savings Schemes (e.g., Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana, Senior Citizens Savings Scheme) are specific investment options backed by the government, offering attractive interest rates and tax benefits. 

Key Features:

  • Various schemes catering to specific demographics (e.g., Sukanya Samriddhi for girl child, Senior Citizens Savings Scheme for elderly).

  • Fixed interest rates with government backing.

Benefits:

  • Safety and security with government backing.

  • Targeted schemes for specific financial goals. 

  • Tax benefits under Section 80C.

Considerations:

  • Specific eligibility criteria for each scheme.

  • Limited liquidity and premature withdrawal conditions.

Why it Can Be Ideal:

  • Ideal for individuals looking for government-backed savings with specific objectives. 

 

Before making any investment decisions, it's crucial to assess your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. Diversifying across different asset classes can help mitigate risk. Ready to take control of your financial future? Explore these beginner-friendly investment options and make your money work for you. Remember, the key to financial success is knowledge and action. Start investing today with Bajaj Markets! Explore a range of investment products to kick off your journey towards financial prosperity! 

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