Having a car or bike is not just an aspirational asset, but is also essential for many. Having your own vehicle gives you freedom and independence, can help ensure your safety when travelling, and helps you go where you want, when you want. But before you can get one, you’ll need to learn how to drive a car, and obtain a licence from the government certifying that you are fit for driving. This helps ensure both your own safety and the safety of others on the road.
The driving licence test consists of two parts- The learner’s licence and the permanent licence. This is so that you are given permission to operate a vehicle to learn, but with certain terms, conditions and supervision in place to ensure everyone’s safety. Furthermore, there is a different driving test for bikes and cars, and the driving licence test procedure is different for the two types of vehicles as well. Let’s take a look.
Types of Learner’s Licence Tests
Given that there are a wide variety of types of vehicles being operated on the road, the driving licence test policy that is put in place has to reflect this diversity as well. As a result, there are a number of different learner’s licence test categories based on the type of vehicle you are driving. These types include:
1. Gearless Two-Wheelers
A driving test for two-wheelers, including gearless two-wheelers will include scooters and mopeds etc.
2. Light Motor Vehicle
Light Motor Vehicles on the other hand refer to cars and motorbikes, for which you will require a four-wheeler driving licence.
3. Heavy Motor Vehicle
These include larger, and often commercial vehicles such as trucks, trailers and lorries that exceed the weight and engine capacity limit of light motor vehicles.
Test Procedure to procure a Learner’s Driving Licence in India
The learner's licence test assesses not only your ability to operate your vehicle, but also how well you can follow the rules on the road. The procedure for the learner driver test is as follows :
1. Before you give the learner driver test, you will first have to fill out the application form, which can be done either online or offline at your nearest RTO.
2. You will then select a date and time for your learner’s licence test. Alternatively, you may be able to give the learners licence test immediately if you apply at the RTO.
3. The test is typically a computerised test where you will be required to answer some multiple-choice questions regarding content about traffic signs and signals, driving basics, as well as rules and regulations for the road.
Test Procedure to procure a Permanent Driving Licence in India
Once you have acquired your learner’s licence, you will first have to wait a minimum of 180 days before you can apply for your permanent licence test. The goal here is for you to use the time to practise driving, ideally with a certified trainer, so that you are well-versed with the basics before you’re given a permanent licence. Here is the test procedure for the permanent licence test.
1. As before, you will have to fill out the application for the driving licence test for your permanent licence.
2. You will have to submit your documents and test slot booking slip to the RTO, alongside the RTO driving licence test fee.
3. AT the time of the test, you will have to arrive at the testing station along with your vehicle, where a certified moto instructor will have you drive through a short obstacle course to assess your ability to handle your vehicle. If you pass, you will be issued your permanent driver's licence.
Procedure for the Two-Wheeler & Four-Wheeler Test
Given that the types of vehicles are different, the 2 wheeler licence test will vary from the test for a four-wheeler licence. Here is the procedure for your 2 wheeler licence test.
1. First, make your way into the test area.
2. You will have to make use of a card reader to swipe your ID to be verified.
3. Once your ID has been verified (indicated by the green light), you will be presented with the start line.
4. Once you move past the start line, the test will begin. This typically involves you needing to drive in a figure-eight shape.
5. The evaluation parameters for the 2 wheeler licence test include the time taken to complete the test, and the violations committed. The instructor will also look at how you use hand signals.
The process for a four-wheeler is similar. The test will typically involve you needing to complete an “H” figure with your car without touching the side cones. If you succeed you will typically be requested to complete a short-obstacle course or do a road test, where you will be assessed on your ability to drive on road with other vehicles and in accordance with road rules and etiquette.
Getting a driver’s licence is mandatory to ensure your safety, as well as that of those on the road around you. Now that you know how the four and two-wheeler driving licence test procedure works, you can begin preparing for your test.
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