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Aadhaar is a 12-digit-long unique identification number that is issued to every Indian citizen. The term ‘Aadhaar’ is Hindi for ‘base’ or ‘foundation’. A government body known as the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has been set up to overlook every matter related to Aadhaar, including the issuance of Aadhaar cards and enrolment for one through Aadhaar Enrollment Centres that are all over the country. While applying for an Aadhaar card, an Indian resident has to submit their demographic and biometric details.

Aadhaar Card Eligibility Criteria

The Aadhaar is more than just a unique number and can be used for various official and unofficial purposes. Read on to know the eligibility criteria laid out by UIDAI to apply for Aadhaar card:

  • Applicant must be an Indian citizen

  • The Aadhaar card can be availed by every Indian citizen. Recently, the Government of India made it mandatory for all taxpayers in India to link their PAN and Aadhaar cards. This has been done with the idea of conveniently tracking the background of the taxpayer, especially when filing Income Tax Returns (ITR).

  • The Aadhaar card does not serve as any kind of citizenship proof. It is a unique identification number that contains the biometric data of an individual. This aspect enables foreigners and non-resident Indians to avail themselves of the Aadhaar card even though they are not citizens of the country.

  • A non-resident or foreigner can be eligible for the Aadhaar card if he/she has resided in the country for a minimum of 182 days in the last 12 months.

The Aadhaar card is also available for minors. Guardians have to provide the birth certificate of the minor and proof of identification of parents. One must note that if the child is under the age of 5 at the time of applying, no biometric data is necessary. But, the biometric details of the child have to be updated as soon as they turn 5 years of age. The child will also be required to update the same once again at age 15. The Aadhaar card issued to children below the age of 5 years is known as Baal Aadhaar.

Documents Required for Aadhaar Card

To apply for an Aadhaar card, an individual needs a valid identity proof as well as an address proof. The documents that could qualify as identity as well as address proofs are as follows:

  • Identity Proof: Ration card, PAN card, passport, voter’s ID, driving licence

  • Address Proof: Voter’s ID, passport, driving licence, utility bill, ration card, bank passbook

How to Apply for an Aadhaar Card?

An individual can apply for his/her Aadhaar card by visiting their nearest Aadhaar enrollment centre. One must note that the Aadhaar card application process can only be carried out offline as a part of the same is the collection of biometric data of the applicant. The steps to apply for an Aadhaar Card are as follows:

  • Step 1: The individual must book an appointment with an Aadhaar enrollment centre that is nearest to them through the official UIDAI portal.

  • Step 2: The applicant must get the relevant form from the concerned individual at the centre and fill it. Alternatively, the applicant can download Aadhaar enrolment form online, fill it, and then take it with themselves to the centre.

  • Step 3: After duly filling up the form, the applicant must submit it along with a copy of their bank statements, passport, voter’s ID, or a driving licence. It is highly advisable that the applicant take a look at the list of required documents beforehand as well. Additionally, the applicant must make sure that they submit passport-sized photographs along with the form and the documents.

  • Step 4: Finally, the applicants’ retina and fingerprints will be scanned as a part of the biometric registration process. Once that is done, the applicant would have successfully completed the Aadhaar card application process.

At the end of the Aadhaar enrolment process, the applicant will be given an acknowledgement slip. The applicant must keep the same safely as it contains a 28-digit-long enrolment ID which can be found on the top. The applicant will need the same for future reference.

How to Check Aadhaar Card Application Status Online?

To check the Aadhaar card application status online, the individual must:

  • Step 1: Visit the official UIDAI website and then click on the “Check Aadhaar Status” button that can be found in the “Get Aadhaar” section.

  • Step 2: Next, the applicant must enter their enrolment number and the security code.

  • Step 3:If the Aadhaar card of the individual has been generated, he/she will be shown their Aadhaar details as well as the status of delivery.

How to Download the E-Aadhaar Online?

When the application processing of your Aadhaar card is complete, it is dispatched to your given residential address. You can also download Aadhaar card online by simply using one of the following given methods on the official portal:

  • Aadhaar number

  • Name and date of birth

  • Registered mobile number

  • Enrolment number (EID)

  • Virtual ID

How to Link an Aadhaar Card to a PAN Card?

An individual can either link PAN card to Aadhaar card by simply sending an SMS to a particular number or through the e-filing website of the Income Tax Department of India. The process that an individual must follow to link the two credentials through the two methods are as follows:

By Income Tax e-Filing Website Method

If an individual wants to link their PAN card to their Aadhaar card through the e-filing website of the Income Tax Department of India, he/she must:

  • Step 1: Visit the Income Tax e-filing portal and then click on the ‘Link Aadhaar’ option which can be found under the quick links.

  • Step 2: Next, on the page that will follow, the individual must enter their Aadhaar and PAN number in the relevant text boxes.

  • Step 3: Now, the user must enter the name as is mentioned on their Aadhaar card on the following page and then tick the relevant box in case their birth date is mentioned on it.

  • Step 4: Next, the individual must tick mark the ‘I agree to validate my Aadhaar details with UIDAI’ option and then click on ‘Link Aadhaar’ button to proceed.

  • Step 5: The user will then receive an OTP from UIDAI which they must enter in the relevant text box and then click on ‘Validate’ to complete the PAN-Aadhaar linking process.

By SMS Method

If the Aadhaar card holder wants to link their PAN card to their Aadhaar number, they must:

  • Step 1: Type a message in the format UIDPAN followed by their 12-digit Aadhaar number, which will be followed by their 10-digit PAN.

  • Step 2: Next, they must send the message to either 56161 or 567678 from their registered mobile number.

For example, if the Aadhaar number of the individual is 410012002900 and the PAN is ABCXY4321D, he/she will have to type UIDPAN 410012002900 ABCXY4321D and then send the message to any of the aforementioned numbers.

What are Aadhaar Services?

Aadhaar services are a host of services offered by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) in connection to the Aadhaar card. The Aadhaar services provided by the UIDAI are:

1. Aadhaar Verification Services:

Through the portal, cardholders can check if their Aadhaar card is active or not. To do so, the cardholder must simply follow a handful of steps and then verifying their identity shortly after the same.

2. Aadhaar Card Retrieval Service:

An Aadhaar card holder can also retrieve their Aadhaar number or apply for a new Aadhaar card online. People make use of this service when they misplace or damage their Aadhaar card. But, to do the same, the applicant must ensure that they have registered their mobile number with the Aadhaar database and have a valid enrolment ID or a virtual ID.

3. Checking the Status of Aadhaar-Linking:

Oftentimes, cardholders have to link their bank account or any other government-issued credential to their Aadhaar database. This is needed to avail subsidies from the central government-run schemes. Then, after that, the cardholder must keep track of the status of their linking process.

4. Generation of a Virtual ID (VID):

To ensure the safe sharing of concerned Aadhaar data with vendors for Know Your Customer (KYC) processes, UIDAI introduced the VID. The Aadhaar Virtual (VID) essentially ensures data protection and safeguarding at the time when Aadhaar cards are being online for carrying out KYC processes.

5. Locking or Unlocking Biometric Data:

UIDAI also provides cardholders with an option of locking and unlocking their Aadhaar biometric data online. However, the cardholder must have their VID on them to do so. All that a cardholder must do is go to the UIDAI website, click on ‘My Aadhaar’, and then click on the option that allows the user to lock/unlock their biometric data.

6. Checking Aadhaar Authentication History:

Each time a cardholder uses their Aadhaar card for anything, the merchant verifies those details through UIDAI. Every time an entity does that, UIDAI makes a note of it on their servers. These notes, which are collectively known as the ‘Authentication History’, can be viewed by the cardholder online anytime.

Aadhaar PVC Card

For those cardholders who want a sturdier Aadhaar card with more privacy-centric features, UIDAI has introduced a new variant. This variant is known as the Aadhaar PVC card and the user can apply for it through the UIDAI website. It must be noted that this process will attract a nominal charge of ₹50.

The main security features of the Aadhaar PVC card are:

  • Embossed Aadhaar Logo

  • Print date and issue date will be mentioned

  • Ghost image

  • Micro text

  • Hologram

  • Secure QR code

Baal Aadhaar

Baal Aadhaar cards are issued to minors or newborn children. This particular card is blue in colour and does not include any biometric information, unlike the ones issued to adults. Parents with valid Aadhaar cards can apply for the same on behalf of their child if they want to.

  • Step 1: Visit the UIDAI website and find the nearest enrolment centre. Then, they must visit the same with the birth certificate of the child.

  • Step 2: Fill up the Baal Aadhaar application form available out there with all relevant details in addition to a mobile number that the parents wish to link the Baal Aadhaar with.

  • Step 3: Then, a photograph of the child/ minor will be taken at the centre. If the child is under 5 years of age, no biometric data will be recorded.

  • Step 4: After completing the above steps, the parents must collect the acknowledgement slip.

  • Step 5: A verification text will then be sent to the mobile number provided while applying. The Baal Aadhaar will then be dispatched to the designated address and will reach the same within a few weeks.

  • Step 6: One must note that in order to apply for the Baal Aadhaar card, one of the parents must compulsorily submit their Aadhaar card details while doing so. The Baal Aadhaar card will be linked to this particular adult Aadhaar card.

Benefits and Uses of the Aadhaar Card

The uses and benefits of an Aadhaar card are:

  • Proof of Address/Residence: The Aadhaar card includes the permanent residential address of the cardholder, hence it can be used as a valid proof of residence. It means that the individual can furnish the Aadhaar card as a residence proof while applying for credit cards, home loans, personal loans, making market investments or even applying for government subsidy schemes.

  • Valid Identity Proof: All government and non-government organisations accept the Aadhaar card as an official identity card as well since it includes the photograph and the biometric details of the individual. It also comes with a QR code that helps the authorities verify the provided information.

  • Government Subsidy: The government has launched several subsidies to support different sections of society. To take advantage of these schemes, it is now compulsory for an individual to link their bank account with Aadhaar card. It is compulsory because now the government only credits the subsidy amount into an Aadhar-linked bank account.

  • Bank Account: An individual now has to share PAN and Aadhaar details while opening a savings/current account with a bank from any sector.

  • Investments: Since the introduction of Aadhaar, mutual fund houses and brokerage firms have mandated the completion of e-KYC for the purpose of opening an investment account with them. Only after the individual completes the e-KYC process and has shared the Aadhaar number, the investment account becomes operational.

  • Income Tax Returns: The Income Tax department has also made it mandatory for an individual to share their Aadhaar number while making income tax payments and filing income tax returns.

 

FAQs on Aadhaar Card

✔️What is an Aadhaar Card?

An Aadhaar Card is a document issued by the government of India for every Indian citizen. It can be used as an address proof as well as an identity proof by the holder. An Aadhaar Card contains details such as the biometric data and the address of the holder. Every Aadhaar Card has a 12-digit-long unique identification number which is assigned to the holder by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).

✔️How can I get an Aadhaar Card?

One can get an Aadhaar Card by applying for it through the Aadhaar enrollment centre that is nearest to them. They must log on to the UIDAI website to look up the list of Aadhaar enrollment centres that they can visit.

✔️What is the difference between an Aadhaar Card and an e-Aadhaar Card?

An Aadhaar Card and an e-Aadhaar card are essentially the same. The only difference between the two is that one is a physical card and the other one is a digital copy of the same. Both Aadhaar and e-Aadhaar cards are equally valid.

✔️I have lost my Aadhaar Card. Can I get a reprint?

Yes. If one misplaces or damages their Aadhaar letter, he/she can easily apply for a reprint through the UIDAI site. One must note that the act of applying will attract a nominal fee.

✔️Is the Aadhaar Card issued by the government?

Aadhaar cards are issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), an arm of the central government.

✔️Can I make two Aadhaar cards?

No, an individual cannot get two Aadhaar cards made for the same person.

✔️Does an Aadhaar Card expire?

An Aadhaar card does not expire. Every Aadhaar card has a lifelong validity.

✔️Can I delete my Aadhaar card?

No, an Aadhaar card cannot be deleted.

Latest Aadhaar Card News

You can soon avail Aadhaar card-related services from home. Here's how

The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is all set to offer services related to AADHAR phone number linking, and updating one’s information, right at your doorstep. The apex body is in the process of training over 48,000 postmen of the India Post Payment Bank to undertake the same. A total of 1.5 Lakh officers will be trained, over two phases.

These postmen will be provided with the requisite digital tools to undertake the same. Additionally, over 13,000 officials from the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology’s Common Service Centre will also be recruited to undertake the same.

- Jun 17, 2022

PAN, Aadhaar a must for cash transactions above Rs 20 lakh a year

In a recent notification issued by the CBDT (Central Board of Direct Taxes), you will have to furnish your Aadhaar card or PAN card when you wish to create either a current account or a cash credit account, or if you wish to make a withdrawal or deposit of over Rs. 20 Lakhs.

The CBDT has enacted this rule with the purpose of placing more scrutiny on the financial transactions, especially via cash, that goes unaccounted. When an individual or an organization makes transactions that cross this threshold, the IT department is immediately informed of the same. Then, the IT department will cross-verify this with the said party’s IT returns for the financial year, and if a discrepancy is found, notices seeking an explanation will be sent.

These rules have been enacted with the purpose of abating the circulation of black money in the economy and will aid the government in tracking dubious transactions (in cash) that were previously out of the purview. Additionally, these rules will help build a larger diaspora of taxpayers.

As per the CBDT, the responsibility of adhering to these rules falls on both parties – the account holder, as well as the banking institutions.

Furnishing your PAN card is already mandatory for many processes, including the filing of income tax returns, opening a demat account, opening a bank account, payment of insurance premiums, investing in financial instruments, while purchasing and selling a motor vehicle, and for expenses of over Rs. 50,000 in cash.

- May 23, 2022

PAN-Aadhaar linking 'deadline extended' to this date but fees imposed from April 1, 2022

The Income Tax Department has extended the PAN-Aadhaar linking deadline; however, taxpayers who link after March 31, 2022, will have to pay certain charges. The citizens can link their PAN -Aadhaar till March 31, 2023.

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) issued a notification No.17/2022 on March 29, 2022, regarding the deadline extension and applicable fees. On March 30, 2022, an official statement was released in the press that to alleviate the inconvenience of the citizens, the Income Tax department has opened a window of opportunity to link their Aadhaar-PAN till March 31, 2023, with no penalty; however, the taxpayers will have to pay processing charges for PAN -Aadhaar linking. A sum of Rs. 500 up to three months from April 1, 2022, and a fee of Rs. 1,000 after that while linking their Aadhaar. Taxpayers who do not enrol themselves for the PAN -Aadhaar linking process till March 31, 2023, will not be able to operate financial activities via their PAN card.

The fee structure of the PAN -Aadhaar linking process has been specified by the CBDT. If a citizen fails to get their PAN -Aadhaar linked, their PAN card will become inoperational from March 31, 2023. In such a scenario, the citizen will not be able to file for taxes, operate their Demat account, and make investments in IPO, mutual funds, etc.

- May 16, 2022

Baal Aadhaar Latest Update 2022: Good News! Children Will Get Aadhaar Card Soon After Birth

There have been some important happenings on the Aadhaar front, with Saurabh Garg, the UIDAI’s CEO, announcing that his team is now working on creating a system whereby parents can generate Aadhaar cards for their children the moment they are born. He went on to state that his team is working in tandem with the berth registrar, as well as hospitals, to ensure seamless creation of the same.

Aadhaar cards have now become essential documents for proof of citizenship, without which it is almost impossible to benefit from government and non-government welfare schemes. Keeping in mind the fact that over 25 million children are born in India each day, Garg wishes to grant Aadhaar cards to every child, as a part of the hospital’s registration process.

At present, children below the age of 5 do not require their biometric verification to be completed, but once they reach the age, their parents must ensure completion of the same.

In addition to this major announcement, Garg also stated that very soon, the UIDAI aims to launch the Aadhaar card in a range of regional languages, including Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Odia, Marathi, and Punjabi – thus breaking the current English and Hindi prevalence.

- Feb 11, 2022

Aadhaar Card Not Mandate For Covid Vaccination: Government To SC

In vaccination news, in reference to addressing a PIL stating that certain vaccination centres seek one’s Aadhaar card necessarily for vaccination, the Union government declared the same non-essential, informing the Supreme Court likewise.

A Bench comprising Justice Chandrachud and Justice Surya Kant have ordered the pertinent authorities not to ask citizens for their Aadhaar card, when queuing up for vaccination. They went on to state that in an affidavit circulated by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), it has specifically been stated that presentation of an Aadhaar card is not mandatory to secure a vaccination slot, and that any of the other nine documents listed on the website can be presented to go ahead with the inoculation process.

The government’s intention on removing this procedural glitch is firm, with officials stating that thus far, over 87 lakh citizens, all of whom lack an Aadhaar card, have been provided with the life-saving vaccine.

The Bench of the Supreme Court has further instructed the authorities to work on updating the CO-WIN portal, first to ensure that the insistence of furbishing an Aadhaar card as proof, for vaccination, is removed. It has also suggested upgrading the software, to create a seamless, user-friendly interface – one that can be accessed by one and all alike.

- Feb 11, 2022